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The Lothrops employed two other servants, a maid and a cook. He dedicated his business to publishing children's lit- erature. His firm was one of the earliest to do so. Lothrop met his wife through his publications and his interest in securing the work of new authors. In addition to knowing most contemporary authors of children's literature, Lothrop also knew many fine illustrators whose works he purchased.

In , and again in , while he owned the Wayside, Lothrop expanded his business. We can conclude that the family was financially secure at that time, In addition to his publishing business, Lothrop was civically ac- tive. In , he founded the American Institute of Civics, an Dictionary of American Biography , "Daniel Lothrop" entry. What little we know about Daniel Loth' rop is available through this account. He was also a member of the Bostonian Society, a historical organization of the City of Boston.

For two years following his death, his wife managed the publishing business but finally sold here interest in it. Postcard messages from Lothrop to his wife written during a business trip to Chicago and New York indicate that his health might have been a problem as early as In the messages, Lothrop assures his wife that he is "feeling unusually well," "in good health and spirits," and stresses his "good health and courage.

August 2, There is a real need for a biography of Harriet Lothrop. Her work in literary, preservation, and benevolent circles is noteworthy. Dictionary of American Biography. Lothrop 's framed certifi- cate of membership in the Bostonian Society is still at the Wayside, Contact with the Society did not reveal any of Lothrop' s papers.

Daniel Lothrop to Harriet M. At that point, her life took shape and her public involvement became total. Lothrop's nephew, Roy Griffin, has stated that she was a "born actress. She loved to entertain and to play the role [of a gra- cious hostess]. Lothrop had dinner guests almost night- ly at the Wayside. Her daughter remembers "qood conversation and 66 music" in their household. Harriett Lothrop also entertained on a grand scale, staging pageants at the Wayside and at other Concord historic houses. These events are described in Appendix B. They are important records of taste and style in Victorian entertainment and historic preservation.

Like residents before her, Mrs. Lothrop spent a lot of time writing at the Wayside. Her daughter recalls that Margaret Sidney her pen name usually wrote during the day and relaxed in the evenings. Be- sides her "Five Little Pepper" stories for which she is famous, Sid- ney also wrote historical fictions about the Concord area. Small gatherings of various clubs met regularly at the Wayside. The East Quarter Reading Circle, benevolent society meetings, and his- Impromptu interview with Roy Griffin, conducted by Doris D.

Fanelli, the Wayside, Concord, July 27, Lothrop also devoted her time to charitable organizations while she resided in the Wayside. Lothrop was very involved in patriotic organizations and his- toric preservation, issues that were linked in her mind. She was a regent in the Daughters of the American Revolution until and founder of the Old Concord Chapter of that organization.

In , 69 she founded the Children of the American Revolution. In addition to her own home which she saw as a shrine to Hawthorne, Mrs. Lothrop was active in the preservation of two neighboring homes, the Ephraim Wales Bull house , "Grapevine Cottage," and the Alcott resi- dence , "Orchard House. The Concord Enterprise , September 17, ; Lothrop, p.

Lothrop's other principal interest was her daughter, Margaret. Margaret was named for Mrs. Lothrop's pen name, Margaret Sidney. As Margaret grew up, her mother took her on many trips abroad and 71 included her in her historic and preservation activities. After , the Lothrop family's visits to the Wayside became less regular.

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Lothrop and her daughter lived at the Wayside during the winter of They stayed at the Wayside during the winter of and returned to Europe in the spring. In the fall of , Margaret entered col- lege and Mrs. Lothrop lived at the Wayside. After graduation from college, Margaret moved to California where she attended graduate school and taught at Stanford.

Her mother visited her during the winters. Lothrop also traveled abroad a great deal after Mar- garet moved to California. Lothrop died in California 72 in The summary presented here is taken chiefly from HGR, p. July 27, d. May 14, Margaret Lothrop was born at the Wayside and that building was, in many ways, the single focus of her life.

Her happiest childhood years were spent in the house. She was deeply devoted to her parents and the Wayside became to Miss Lothrop the tangible symbol of their liter- ary and social ideals. She spent most of her life researching the structure and its occupants and arranging for the Wayside's continu- ance as a literary shrine. In , when MMNHP formally acquired the Wayside, Miss Lothrop' s longevity and her propensity for historical research made her a living link between Park Service historians and the past. As a child she had known Emerson's daughter, Ellen, Hawthorne's children, Julian and Rose, and his sister-in-law, Elizabeth Peabody see Illustration 1.

In addition to her remembrances of her own exciting life, Margaret Lothrop painstakingly saved documents relating to the Wayside and devoted long years to primary research about the house's former inhabitants. Virtually none of her father's personal papers are in public repositories.

If the rec- ords of her parents are sparse, the personal records of Margaret Lothrop are even thinner. Miss Lothrop saw her public role as distinct from her private self. Believing that she was a keeper of the past, and seeing her role in that past as insignificant, 74 she left no records about herself.

What we know about Miss Loth- rop and her years at the Wayside we know from public newspaper an- nouncements, and from a few personal remarks that she made during interviews with Park Service personnel, and from the jacket blurb on the only book she published about, typically, the Wayside: Margaret M. Lothrop was born at The Wayside , July 27, Roy Griffin, in an interview July 27, with Doris Fanelli disclosed that he does have some of Miss Lothrop' s diaries.

These he feels are "personal things" that shed no light on the house. There she saw artillery and planes in action and contracted a near fatal pneumonia while tak- ing dictation from wounded soldiers. Her life was filled with many interests and many famous people apart from the world of literature and of Concord.

Exacting in her dedication to truth and keenly interested in scientific research, she was a thoughtful and generous friend to fellow men of all ages. Within the Wayside, she played a recessive role to her mother's dominance. Lothrop was a very independent person whose ma tri local view is betrayed in her explanation of the characterizations of the Five Little Peppers: My judgement told me that I must eliminate Mr.

Pepper, because the whole motif "to help Mother" would be lost if father lived. It hurt me dreadfully. He was a most estima- ble man, and I loved my own father so much, it seemed the most wicked thing to do. I went around for days feeling droopy fi and guilty. But it had to be done Lothrop, jacket Lothrop to her daughter refer to an "allowance" that her mother regularly sent her.

Her mother signed the letters "Mamsie," the name of the mother in the Five Little Peppers. The letters were written in when Margaret was thirty-three years old. In fact, photographs and press clippings in the MMNHP files inform us that "Miss Margaret" as she was called by the members, remained active in the organization until 78 her death. In her book, The Wayside, Miss Lothrop discusses her family's ownership of the Lothrop to Margaret M.

Her father, who died in , receives less men- tion. Margaret portrayed herself as the center of only those incidents which occurred when she was a young girl. In other incidents, she lingers in the background, giving her mother cen- ter stage, and playing her mother's favorite theme, "To help mother. The Wayside has had many structural alterations and additions during its various occupancies.

Some of the activities of previous residents occurred in rooms that no longer exist in the present house plan. The nomenclature of existing rooms and the use of those rooms has also changed. To eliminate confusion, the rooms in this section are grouped according to the Lothrop family's names for them. All known activities are uses by earlier occupants are listed in each section.

All references to floor plans are to those at the end of this report. Alcott Use : The Alcotts continued to use this area as their entry hall. In , Mr. There is a tradition that the Alcott girls played "Pilgrim's Progress" a game invented after John Bunyon's allegory on the stairs. HDS, p. Hawthorne referred to this room as her cha- 80 pel. She is believed to have tauqht Sunday school here. Lothrop Use : The Lothrops used this room as a playroom for Margaret. When the telephone was installed in this room, around , the family beqan to refer to it as the "Telephone Room.

Hawthorne's chapel 81 as "the Oratory. Alcott Use : A reference by Mr. Alcott to work done in the parlor, identifies it as this room. The family received guests and 83 relaxed here. Carroll, Auqust 2, Kimball 's figure 15A p. Hawthorne Use : This room was probably the drawing room in In his sketch "The Wayside" in Tanglewood Tales , Hawthorne writes: "So we descended the hill to my small, old cottage, and shut our- selves up in the southeastern room, where the sunshine comes in, 85 warmly and brightly, through the better half of a winter's day.

After the new drawing room was added in , this room became Julian's bedroom. Activities in this room when it was the drawing room included receptions and family entertainments. Hawthorne mentions usina Julian's bedroom, sans furnishings, for 86 Una's party in This statement locates Julian's bedroom as the southeast room. Lothrop put up a sign in this room indicating that it was the Hawthorne's dining room.

She was mistaken. See below 87 for location of Hawthorne dining room. Margaret Lothrop remem- bered, "A cousin, slightly older than I, was visiting us when I was four years old. She clearly remembers that guests were almost al- 88 ways present at our dinner table. The Northern room was used as a Bathing Room. The Southern Room was used as a woodshed in ; by , it was a pantry and wash room. In a letter to her brother, Mrs. Alcott says, "We moved up the best half of the shop--and made a bath house and wood house Interview with MML, Winter , typescript copy, p.

Hawthorne referred to the north room as a "treasure of a bathing room It should be noted that Victorians distinguished between a bathing room, where one practiced personal hygiene and a water closet, where one eliminated bodily wastes. For a discussion of these room uses and their changes over time, see Daniel J.

By all accounts, the bathing room at the Wayside did not include a water closet. The room was 94 used as a parlor or drawing room for receiving visitors. Lothrop Use : Used as a library during the early years of their occupancy, Mrs. Lothrop planned to convert this room into a memorial 95 to Mr.

Lothrop after his death. Hawthorne's Parlor. Lothrop received her guests in the bay window of "Mrs. In the summer time or whenever receptions were held, the 96 doors were temporarily removed. HDS, pp. Eliza- beth records sweeping the kitchen in her journal and playing in this 97 room with her sister, Abba. Hawthorne Use : The Hawthornes used this room as their kitchen. A letter from Mrs. Hawthorne to her mother, June 13, , describes the kitchen as "perfectly sumptuous. In addition to the usual food prep- 98 aration, the Hawthornes stored their outdoor clothes in the kitchen.

Lothrop Use : This room is designated the "Music Room" in the inventory; it is called the "Old Room" in the inventory. Miss Lothrop recalled singing around the piano in this room and toast- ing marshmallows in the fireplace. She also recalled popcorn parties 99 in this room during her high school years. See reference in a letter from Mrs.

Alcott to Samuel J. The Hawthornes used the hall as an entry and reception area for visitors; as a passageway between the downstairs rooms and for stairway access to the second floor rooms. Lothrop Use : Same as the Hawthornes '. The southern room was Alcott' s study. Interview with MML, June 28, , pp. On the Hawthornes structural changes, see ADS.

HI betrayal; Peter's denial. They occupied only the west- ern wing; the Peabodys occupied the remainder of the house. Have Hawthorne's study and two adjacent rooms for sleeping apartments. Meals prepared and taken at Orchard House. Louisa wrote in March, , "I have at last got the little room I have wanted so long, and am very happy about it Louisa loved to be alone when reading or writing, and a door from her room opening toward the hill gave her opportunity to slip out into the woods at her pleasure.

Elizabeth wrote in her journal that she "slept with Anna" on April 25 and 26, Hawthorne Use : The Hawthornes used the southern room as a study and library: Mrs. Hawthorne wrote to her mother: "The study is the pet room, the temple of the Muses and the Delphic shrine. Edna D. Clark Publishing Co. Hawthorne, Julian added, "he is trying to write, and locks himself into the library and pulls down the blinds. We dined, and after dinner we retired to the study where he brought out some strong cigars, and we smoked vigorously.

Stoddard, poet, wrote, "After tea, he [Hawthorne] showed me a bookcase, where there were a few books toppling about on the half- filled shelves, and said coldly, 'This is my library'. Hawthorne was able to go down into the library, where I had a comfortable lounge placed, and all day he lay down and sat up a little, with constantly decreasing suffering. That is my guess.

They were never cataloged, or even counted. But the west wing of the little house had been done over on our return, and the ground floor room was fitted with book shelves and called the library. Hawthorne's Letters to Mr. In , the Lothrops built the piazza on the west side of the rooms. Around , the Lothrops removed the partition and had one large room which they used as a parlor. In the inventory it is designated as the "drawing room. MML "remembers riding her velocipede on the Piazza floor about MML recalls a maid bringing tea to the piazza where Mrs.

Lothrop would serve her guests. Interview, Orville W. The room was probably used as a bedroom or combination parlor and sleeping room. Alcott Use : By elimination, Ronsheim rightly considers that the Alcotts used this room as their dining room and also as their school room. Here meals were taken in the company of the Alcott family's varied guests, and, when not in use for meals, the Alcott girls were taught here by their father, Miss Ford, and their oldest sister, Anna.

Day's order: Study in School -room till twelve. See Kimball. Hawthorne to her mother, we know that the Hawthornes used this room as their dining room. Julian confirmed this in his speech at the Hawthorne cente- nary. Lothrop Use : The Lothrops used this room as a sitting room.

This name is given as early as in a steam heat estimate. Be- cause Harriett Lothrop had the room painted green shortly after tak- ing possession of the house in , the family also referred to the room as the "Green Room. Lothrop wrote. The letter was dated July 5, Sophia Hawthorne to her mother, June 13, Hawthorne drew a map of her kitchen on the letter and keyed parts of the map to her description. Sophia Hawthorne to Annie Fields, cited in note It is one of the original rooms of the cottage.

Lothrop wrote many of the volumes of 'The Five Little Peppers, 1 which she published under her pen name, 'Margaret Sidney'. Alcott Use : By tradition, this was the Alcott girls' bed- room. All four girls slept here until Louisa and Anna received their own room in Ronsheim also speculates that the room Wolfe, Literary Shrines Philadelphia, J. Lippencott Co. Information about the Alcotts 1 sleeping arranqements is scarce. Hawthorne Use : The east chamber was Rose Hawthorne's bedroom. It is believed that she shared the room with Una before Una re- ceived her own room in Lothrop Use : Mr.

Lothrop used this room as their bedroom when they purchased the house in Lothrop con- tinued to use the room after Mr. Lothrop died in Margaret Lothrop used this room by when she graduated from Smith Col - lege. They used it as a quest room. Ronsheim speculates that it might have been used by President Frank- lin Pierce, Hawthorne's friend. Miss Lothrop believed this room was the Alcott girls' room because her mother told her it was. Harriett Lothrop heard the story from the Hosmer girls, acquaintances of the Alcotts; for an- other viewpoint, see HDS, pp.

Lothrop used this as her bedroom around The Lothrops had earlier used this room as a guest room. Ronsheim speculates that this was the Alcott girls' room because of its placement over the warm kitchen. Hawthorne Use : Hawthorne finished this space as a room during his occupancy. Originally it was one large room, used for maids' quarters. Wayside School Use : It is possible, but not documented, that the Wayside School partitioned the room for use as two bedrooms.

Lothrop Use : Presumed converted to a bathroom when town water was added to the house in Miss Lothrop recalled that her fa- On Alcott's use, see HDS, p. Hawthorne Use : Maid's room. Hawthorne refers to "Ellen's chamber" in a letter to her mother on June 13, In , the Hawthornes remodeled the room and added architectural refinements such as the arched ceiling. Possibly, the Hawthornes installed it around The corridor allows access to the north rooms of the second floor and to the kitchen, without disturbing the occupants of the south rooms.

Ronsheim, August 19, , draft, typescript, p. Sophia Hawthorne to mother, June 13, See Julian Haw- thorne's paper, cited in note , for improvements. Lothrop Use : Originally, during the Lothrop occupancy, this room was the "Man's room for winter use. Miss Lothrop believed the room was con- verted in He also entertained friends there. The painted murals on the vaulted ceiling are signed and dated by G. Gray, Lothrop Use : Kept as a memorial to Hawthorne.

Full text of "Historic Furnishings Report/HFC: The Wayside--Minute Man National Historical Park"

No record exists about specific activities in this room. We can presume that sleeping, dressing, perhaps studying and reading, took place here. Hawthorne, December 9, , Ticknor, pp.

They used this room as a guest room. It functioned as a hall between bedrooms and as a stair landing between the first floor and the attic. From this hall, ac- cess is gained to Una's room, the guest bedroom, the tower study, the northwest passage, and the Hawthorne chamber. Alcott Use : By tradition, this was Mr. Alcott's chamber.

Elizabeth Alcott's journal: April 22, , "Sat in Mother's chamber to sew. Hawthorne's bed- room. Lothrop Use : The inventory designates this the "Hawthorne Room. Two inventories of the Wayside's furnishings exist, from and when Harriett Lothrop rented the property. There are numerous photos of the rooms as they were furnished during Mrs. Lothrop 's occupancy, and more recent photos which corroborate the earlier visual evidence. These notes list the sources of purchases which later decorated the Wayside.

Margaret M. Lothrop kept detailed records of nearly every item in the house. Her handwritten notes made over a thirty-year period, plus transcriptions of oral inter- views with her by Park Service historians between and , have been invaluable to this study. We must remember that oral interviews lend a sense of immediacy to historical research, but they are not factually infallible. Miss Lothrop and her mother preserved informa- tion about the Wayside's collection as it was presented to them.

The accuracy of their data still must be tested against other contemporary accounts of objects, and against subsequent research. Additional sources for this section are: contemporary furnishings catalogs, the Hawthorne and Alcott papers, and recent decorative arts research. The Wayside furnishings came from several sources. One should bear in mind that the Lothrops used the Wayside as a summer residence and 75 such homes frequently became repositories for items that do not con- form to the lifestyle of a formal winter residence.

Daniel Lothrop kept furniture from his first marriage at his Concord home. Furni- ture from D. Lothrop inherited furniture from her family and she kept much of it at the Wayside. Durinq her lifetime HML made an effort to pur- chase objects with a Hawthorne provenance. Unfortunately, no bills of sale survive and tradition, corroborated at times by the Hawthorne papers, is the only evidence we have. HML also purchased objects with a Concord association for her own home and for her preservation projects in the area.

Listed in ear- lier inventories, some of these items are now dispersed. MML continued her mother's practice of acquirinq antiques until she qave her home to the Park Service. Consequently, when the house be- came public property in , it was fully furnished with objects selected and documented by the Lothrops. Miss Lothrop is responsible for the Wayside's preservation.

Her ef- forts are acknowledged by the Park Service which maintains objects she acquired to relate the house's story. Photographs taken between and indicate that the Lothrops frequently rearranged objects in the house. The Lothrops were a 76 busy, active family and that movement reflects their lives. This makes definite placement, of especially the smaller items, rather arbitrary. When MML recalls an object "always" in a particular location, I have placed it there and noted the reason.

In other instances placement of items in a particular room is based on an inventory or a photoqraph. Time constraints did not permit me to carefully evaluate every item in the Wayside. Miss Lothrop's descriptions are reliable for an object's traditional associations, and MMNHP's catalog is re- liable for gross descriptions such as color and measurements. Nei- ther provides the detailed description necessary for complete iden- tification of an object's time and place of manufacture. With the exception of cataloger Cordelia Snow's excellent ceramic and glass identifications, I have relied on the catalog cards only for mea- surements, color, and transcriptions of marks and labels.

My con- clusions about a specific item, its composition, source, value, and appropriateness are based primarily on my own examination of the object, photos of the object, my knowledge of comparable ob- jects, and on primary records of contemporary items. Throughout this section, objects are arranged room-by-room. Rooms are grouped by floor and listed within each group in alphabetical order. I have endeavored, where possible, to list each object by 77 its NPS catalog number, and have also included Miss Lothrop's catalog number, if known.

The latter entry reads "MML x. MML believed that this belonged to D. This is listed in the inventory. Lothrop acquired this from a dealer who explained in a letter that he showed the piece to Mary Peabody Mann who affirmed that it was in the Wayside when she lived there. The desk was sold 2 at auction in HML acquired it in Sepia-toned photograph of the Sistine Chapel by Michelangelo. Depicts the Last Judgment. Black and white, hand-colored photograph of Venice. Italian label. Probably purchased by HML on her trip to Italy. Stickers on reverse of the frame indicate that Mrs. Lothrop purchased it abroad and had it framed in Boston.

It is listed in the inventory. HML purchased this in Norway. It hung in the room in Also listed in the inventory. A "brass and copper pitcher. The inventory lists "4 green curtains. The park now uses reproductions of the original curtains. A shade is visible in Illustration 5. The park has no original shades. MML noted that HML sometimes hung a cur- tain between this room and the sitting room to keep the heat in the latter room. There is no documentation of the cur- 3 tain's appearance. It is difficult to speculate further about what they were. The contrasting red candles do provide some information about HML's taste.

They are missing. Books In an interview with MML, winter, , she mentions that some of the Peppers books were kept in this room see Illustration 4. Lothrop told her this was a Hawthorne piece and barely remembers seeing the top section.

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The bottom is shown in Il- lustration 8 in the northeast corner of the room. There is no further documentation on the Hawthorne provenance. Lothrop bought it at a Concord sale. The surface is badly marred and Miss Lothrop believes that her mother would have kept it covered. It is not covered in the photo- graph, Illustration 8, in which it is against the north wall. It does not appear in earlier photographs of this part of the room.

Lathrop maintained that this was Mr. It has always been the Lothrops' dining table. Location of the armchairs is unknown. Brought to the Wayside after his death. HML sat in it at the head of her dining table. MML bought this chair in from Mr. Herbert Nealey who said it came from Humphrey But- terick's attic. It was in the dining room when the Park Service acquired the Wayside in Transfer-printed creamware. The inventory lists "1 antique blue oblong platter on wall. Creamware plates, marked, "Saxon China. Possi- bly is the same plate.

Faience plate with image of St. HML purchased it in In , it hung on the wall. Chinese export porcelain. Blue and white with strawberry knop. No other reference. Chinese export, initialed 4. MML interview, Winter, , transcription, p.


English salt glaze. Believed listed as "blue veqetable dish" in inventory. Believed purchased by HML on a trip to Europe. HML bouqht it and used it as a centerpiece. MML recalled that her mother often kept this in the center of the table when she 5 entertained. She kept a plant growing in it. Marked "Semi -Chi na , England, Ridgways. Glass, one of pair. Bears portrait of Lord Baden Powell. It was pur- chased in England by HML.

Listed as "2 large chromes sheep and cattle," in and Visible in photos of the room. The other is ; both are marked "Christian Mali, MUnchen. Listed in inventory. No other information available. HML brought these back from Europe and hung them in the dining room. Listed in the in- ventory. MML recalled a pewter plate hanging on the south wall or on the east wall of this room. Perhaps this plate hung in both places at different times. This might be that horseshoe, nailed to the mantel where MML always remembered it. Brass rim and handles, wooden bottom. Believed to have been here during HML's time.

Silver plate, German. Presumed here during HML's time. Listed in , inventories and visible in Illustration 8 MML says they have been in the house for many years, on the man- tel. Four fixtures, with pendants are attached to the wall. These were used by HML. They have no cataloq num- bers and have always been in their present location. Part of a set that belonged to HML. MML does not remember date or location of purchase.

HML mentioned purchasing a new brass 6 fender in a letter to her daughter in This is listed in the inventory and appears in the photograph, Illustration 8. MML Shown in photo MML thinks they belonged to her mother's family. Seen on gateleg table in photo. Also listed in inventory. Four verses of "America" signed "S. Smith were freguent dinner guests at the Wayside. The manuscript is framed. After , HML put up label copy signs in this room 7 which designated it wrongly as the Hawthorne's dining room.

Textiles RUGS. Although these are different types of carpets, people frequently confuse them. At present, the room contains a wool rug with floral designs a "domestic" oriental. This was given by MML but there is no record of its history. The rug visible in the photo, Illustration 8, could be an Axminster, but specific identification is impos- sible.

Interview, MML, Winter, , p. Across the cupboard. Suspended by a metal or brass rod with brass ends. An Art Nouveau design is visible in the illustration. She also placed the wooden trough or raceway next to the sink and installed the shelf on the west wall of the stairway. Given by MML. Because they had hired help, the Lothrops probably did not spend a lot of time preparing their own meals and, consequently, MML's mem- ories of the kitchen might not have been complete.

MML did not keep extensive notes about items in the kitchen. The most reliable source of information about the kitchen is the inventory. Historian Ronsheim used this and a post, undated inventory as the basis for his draft on furnishings. Ronsheim's draft forms the essence of Furnishings Evidence for the Kitchen. The objects are presented in the order in which they appear in the inventory. I have added additional in- formation where possible. In most instances, utensils for food prep- aration and housekeeping can only be tentatively identified as those mentioned in the inventories.

All of the objects, like those in the rest of this report, were Lothrop possessions. The in- ventory does not distinguish between the areas, "kitchen" and "pan- try. Specific placement of objects in the room, particularly smaller cooking utensils, is conjectural. Proba- bly one that was in the Wayside kitchen since Lothrops have been here. The second table mentioned in the inventory has not been located. MML referred to rush seats on "rattan plaited seats.

Pur- ported to be "A Manning Chair, from Mrs. Green rocker with woven reed seat. MML recalled the 10 chair on the piazza in good weather. A ladderback converted to a rocker. The reed seat was worn. Rocker with wicker seat and back. Design on the crest rail supposedly painted by Mrs. Her granddaughter told MML that she had seen a chair which Mrs. Hawthorne had painted that looked like this one. MML, Ibid.

This piece probably dates to the Lothrops 1 early own- ership. MML recalled that the floor was varnished during some of her girlhood; she could not be more specific. The linoleum probably antedates the varnish because the floor under the linoleum is not finished. A reproduction of this linoleum is now in the kitchen. The icebox was patented in MML notes that it was used in the kitchen and later in the "Refrigerator Room" south of the kitchen.

A hole, for drainage, in the floor of the room marks the icebox's place- ment. Although the icebox was in the south room in , it is presently displayed in the kitchen where visitors can see it. For example, see Ice Cream 11 freezer in Sears catalog. Sears offered two models, "Shephard's" and "The Blizzard" in a variety of sizes. This is probably a wooden rack 12 for drying laundry indoors. See Sears "Clothes Bar. The reference indicates large capacity, stoneware jars. These jars were available through large mail-order houses, such as Sears see p.

Pre when steam pottery was introduced, stoneware was also available through small, local potteries. NPS is a 5-pound iron. Al- though not listed, NPS is a flat-iron holder. The smaller one might be the one listed in the inventory. The coal range is not listed in the inventory, possibly an oversight. The stove shaker is missing. Sears catalog, p.

The whisk broom is missing. Sears catalog illustrates a lidded bean pot of a different form. The capacity is from one to eight quarts. If this is the same bookshelf, it is not in the kitchen today. Possibly it is NPS This board is stamped "Manuf. Murdock Co. It is missing. The objects are now missing. This tray be- longed to HML before NPS HML owned this object. An ironing hold- er appears nowhere in the Sears or Ward catalogs.

NPS is an ironing board that might be the one listed in the inventory. The roller is missing. MML notes, "Extras 6a. Wallace Co. NPS marked "silver plate" on back handle. NPS , marked "WR". NPS , "WR" on back of handle. NPS , "pat: 04, E. Four types of Three types of egg beaters, "spoon," "surprise," and "clover" are illustrated in Sears, , p.

Dish mops are illustrated in Sears, , p. They were used for cooking milk or cereal see Sears, , p. NPS is a large enamel bowl. According to another label, Fibrotta was patented February 6, The paper dish pans are missing probably worn out. Ridgway 12" on bottom. Blue and white transfer-printed English soft- paste porcelain. Possibly one of these plates is the ref- erent.

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Neither early Sears nor Montgomery Ward catalogs list preserve dishes as a generic term. The Lothrops probably used a specific dish for serving preserves, hence the name. Possibly these are the same items. These are European porcelain, white with gilt rims. Montgomery Ward advertises oatmeal dishes. The other dishes are not documentable.

See Sears, , p. This was listed on MML "Extra 75" as a "19th century kitchen piece. English transfer- printed blue and white willowware. Perhaps this is what is meant by "toaster" in the inventory. See Sears, , pp. Sears sold several types of muffin pans in They are called "cakepans," "turk head pans," or "muffin pans," pp. The Lothrop pans are missing. The kitchen- ware was probably for the servants' use. Ridgway, [bow and arrow], Ridgway England. Purchased from Miss Houghton, Concord, and reported to have belonged to either the Adams or Hoar famil ies.

The handle is marked "Kresge" and a tentative date of is assigned to it. Sears, , p. It is creamware, probably late nineteenth century, English. The basket is 12V long and could ac- commodate knives. These were essential to a coal stove. Other items now in the Wayside kitchen that are not listed in the inventory, but that are appropriate to the period follow: NPS Blanc-Mange mold supposedly belonging to Mrs. I can find no documentation firm- ly linking the Hawthorne reference to this mold. The wheat sheaf pattern is quite common.

Horseshoe brand, patented Probably predates when the Wayside was electrified. Labeled "Ice" on one side, and "Fuel oil" on the other. Used to note recipes. Metal baskets on long handles.