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The Georgicks of Virgil, with an English Translation and Notes Virgil, John Martyn Ipsi in defossis specubus secura sub alta Otia agunt terra, congestaque robora, Pierius says it is confecto in the Roman manuscript. And Tacitus also says the Germans used to make caves to defend them from the severity of winter, .

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To make life easier for tourists, some restaurants will attach a note saying that a tip would be welcome. Tipping under any circumstance in Japan may seem rude, because good service is standard and expected. However, those who are connected with the tourism industry may appreciate a tip. In this case, the visitor should place his or her tip inside an envelope and hand it over discretely.

Tipping in South Korea isn't expected, but some of the nicer hotels tack on a 10 percent service charge, and taxi drivers will appreciate being told to keep the change, but only if it's a small amount. Tipping in Hong Kong is not common, and as in Japan, may be seen as insulting.

'No Tipping' Movement Gains Steam

A 10 percent gratuity is also built in at most restaurants. Swiss federal law dictates that all services charges be included in published prices, so there is no obligation to tip people in the service industry--servers, hairdressers, hotel porters, etc. People may choose to add a small tip, and higher tipping percentages are more common in big cities. Tipping in Australia historically has not been the norm. Nowadays, tipping in restaurants is becoming more common, although it is still not necessary and there is a 10 percent goods and services tax on every bill.

Tipping in hotels, hair salons, bars, and taxis is also not expected, but it's normal to tell someone to keep the change. Like in Switzerland, service staff are well paid, and tipping is not required because bills include the service charge. However, tipping in more touristy areas may be more expected. Tipping in Brazil is generally not expected. However, tourists often tip small amounts for taxi and porter services, and restaurants will sometimes add a service fee to the bill, but it is not mandatory to pay. There is no need to tip at restaurants in Denmark.

Waitstaff get good wages and even benefits. The no tipping rule also applies to cabbies, porters, bartenders, etc. In Estonia, tip is never automatically included in the bill, and it is always optional. A 10 percent tip is normal for great service, but patrons do not need to feel compelled to leave anything. Tipping in New Zealand is not customary or required, but unlike countries like Denmark and Belgium, hospitality and service staff are not compensated generously.

A 10 percent tip for great service is appreciated. World globe An icon of the world globe, indicating different international options. Search icon A magnifying glass. In countries such as Australia and Japan where no tipping is provided, the service is found to be as good as in America.

A academic paper by Steven Holland calls tipping "an effective mechanism for risk sharing and welfare improvement" which reduces the risk faced by a service customer, because the customer can decide whether or not to tip. One example is a restaurant owner who engages servers to act as agents on his behalf. Attempts to hide service charge by obstructing the line on the receipt have been reported. In the United States, criminal charges were dropped in two separate cases over non-payment of mandatory gratuities.

Courts ruled that automatic does not mean mandatory. In Nigeria tipping is not so common at upscale hotels and restaurants because service charge is usually included in the bill though the employees seldom get this as part of their wages. In recent times however, the service provider usually coerce the customer for tips in a subtle manner.

There have been reported cases of security guards asking bank customers for tips. In China , traditionally there is no tipping. However, hotels that routinely serve foreign tourists allow tipping. An example would be tour guides and associated drivers. Taxi drivers in Hong Kong may also charge the difference between a fare and a round sum as a "courtesy fee" to avoid making change for larger bills. Tipping culture is not practiced in Japan and may cause confusion or insult if attempted without utilizing an envelope.

In India tipping is not normal in hotels and restaurants. But if given it is appreciated. In Indonesia tipping is common in large tourist areas, such as Bali or Lombok. Bar tipping is discretional and depends on the style of a bar: in Bali, most bars are owned by expatriates and, normally, expat's country of origin reflects the style of a bar. Pubs do not expect tips. High end bars accepts over-the-counter cash tips in any amount. In Malaysia tipping is not the norm and is not expected in any service.

When tipping occurs it is usually done by rounding up the bill. Tipping is not customary in Korean culture, and tipping is not expected in general service industry. In Singapore , tipping is not practiced and is rarely expected in most instances. Taxi drivers given a tip will mistake it for excess cash and return exact change. Tipping bakshish in Albania is very much expected almost everywhere. In recent times it has become more common, as many foreigners and Albanians living abroad visit Albania. Duty-free alcohol is often used as a type of tip for porters, bellhops and the like, however some people such as Muslims can find it offensive.

This belongs to the service one got and the restaurant level low, medium, high prices. In standard restaurants it is OK to round up to the next Euro. Taxi bills might be just rounded up to the next Euro. Another common setting where tipping is customary is taxis. Tips are always expected in cash, even when the bill is paid by a credit card, If you leave a tip with a credit card, please note that the employee does not receive any of it. It is not common to tip hairdressers, but the rounding-up method is common for taxi drivers.

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Tips drikkepenge , lit. In Finland tipping is not customary and never expected. Tipping in France is not required, and what one sees on the menu is what one get charged. Waiters are paid a living wage and do not depend on tips. Service compris indicates that the tip has been added to the bill, but sometimes the wait staff do not receive any of it it is split between the wait staff and sometimes the restaurant owner can keep a portion of it. The amount of the tip is also critical.

For superior service in higher-end eating establishments, a more generous tip would not be out of place. A tip in cash rather than on a credit card may be preferred. Tipping Trinkgeld is not seen as obligatory. In the case of waiting staff, and in the context of a debate about a minimum wage, some people disapprove of tipping and say that it should not substitute for employers paying a good basic wage. But most people in Germany consider tipping to be good manners as well as a way to express gratitude for good service.

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It is illegal, and rare, to charge a service fee without the customer's consent. For example, Germans usually tip their waiters but almost never the cashiers at big supermarkets. As a rule of thumb, the more personal the service, the more common it is to tip. Payments by card can include the tip too, but the tip is usually paid in cash when the card is handed over.

At times, rather than tipping individually, a tipping box is set up. Rounding up the bill in Germany is commonplace, sometimes with the comment stimmt so "keep the change" , [38] rather than asking for all the change and leaving the tip afterwards.


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When paying a small amount, it is common to round up to the nearest euro e. Sometimes a sign reading Aufrunden bitte [39] "round up please" is found in places where tipping is not common like supermarkets, or clothing retailers. This is not to tip the staff, but a charity donation fighting child poverty , and completely voluntary. Tipping is widespread in Hungary; the degree of expectation and the expected amount varies with price, type and quality of service, and also influenced by the satisfaction of the customer.

Depending on the situation, tipping might be unusual, optional or expected. Almost all bills include a service charge; similarly, some employers calculate wages on the basis that the employee would also receive tips, while others prohibit accepting them. In some cases a tip is only given if the customer is satisfied; in others it is customary to give a certain percentage regardless of the quality of the service; and there are situations when it is hard to tell the difference from a bribe. Widespread tipping based on loosely defined customs and an almost imperceptible transition into bribery is considered a main factor contributing to corruption.

Hungary's healthcare system is almost completely state-run and there is an obligatory social insurance system. Tourist guides in Iceland also sometimes encourage their guests to tip them, but there is no requirement to do so. It is uncommon for Irish people to tip taxi-drivers or cleaning staff at hotel. Tips are often given to reward high quality service or as a kind gesture. Although it has been cited that tipping taxi drivers is typical, [44] it is not common in practice.

Tips la mancia are not customary in Italy, and are given only for a special service or as thanks for high quality service, but they are very uncommon. Tipping fooi in the Netherlands is not obligatory; it is illegal, and rare, to charge a service fee without the customer's consent. However, tourists are made to believe [ clarification needed ] that tipping is required in restaurants, bars, taxis and hotels bar, restaurant, maids and bellboys. Around , regulations were adopted that all indicated prices must include a service charge.

This was called "service compris". Also wages were adjusted so that employees were not dependent on tips. The service charge is included in the bill. It is uncommon for Norwegians to tip taxi drivers or cleaning staff at hotels. In restaurants and bars it is more common, but not expected. The tips do not appear on bills and are not taxed.

Hate Tipping? Here Are 12 Countries Where You Don't Have To

If paying by card, the tip is left in cash alongside the bill. While tipping is not the norm, servers, taxi drivers, hairdressers, hotel maids, parking valets, tour guides, spa therapists et al. For other types of services it depends on circumstances; it will not usually be refused, but will be considered a sign of appreciation. For instance, counter clerks in drugstores or supermarkets are not tipped, but their counterparts in clothing stores can be. Tipping can be used proactively to obtain favors, such as reservations or better seats.

However, care should be taken for it not to be seen as a bribe, depending on circumstances. While tipping is overlooked in Romania, bribery is a larger issue which may have legal consequences. There is an ongoing aversion about both giving and receiving tips in coins, due to the low value of the denominations. It is best to stick to paper money. Offering coins can be considered a rude gesture and may prompt sarcastic or even angry remarks.

On the other hand, the coin handling aversion has resulted in the widespread practice of rounding payments. This is not technically a tip, and as such is not aimed primarily at the individual at the counter, but rather at the business. Etiquette demands that one of the parties offers the change, but the other can choose to tell them to keep all or part of it.

Small businesses may sometimes force the issue by just claiming they are out of change, or offering small value products instead, such as sticks of gum; this is considered rude and it is up to the customer to accept or call them out [ clarification needed ] for it. The reverse can also happen, where the clerk does not have small change to make for the customer's paper money, but chooses to return a smaller paper denomination and round down in favor of the customer, in exchange for getting them through faster.

The latter usually happens only in the larger store chains. In Russian language a gratuity is called chayeviye , which literally means "for the tea". Tipping small amounts of money in Russia for people such as waiters, cab drivers and hotel bellboys was quite common before the Communist Revolution of During the Soviet era, and especially with the Stalinist reforms of the s, tipping was discouraged and was considered an offensive capitalist tradition aimed at belittling and lowering the status of the working class. So from then until the early s tipping was seen as rude and offensive. With the fall of the Soviet Union and the dismantling of the Iron Curtain in , and the subsequent influx of foreign tourists and businessmen into the country, tipping started a slow but steady comeback.

Since the early s tipping has become somewhat of a norm again. However, still a lot of confusion persists around tipping: Russians do not have a widespread consensus on how much to tip, for what services, where and how. Tipping at a buffet or any other budget restaurant, where there are no servers to take your order at the table called stolovaya is not expected and not appropriate. Fast food chains, such as McDonald's, Chaynaya Lozhka, Teremok and so on, do not allow tipping either.

Tipping bartenders in a pub is not common, but it is expected in an up-market bar. It should also be noted that the older Russians, who grew up and lived most of their lives during the Soviet era, still consider tipping an offensive practice and detest it. In smaller rural towns, tipping is rarely expected and may even cause confusion.

Tipping is not common in Slovenia, and most locals do not tip other than to round up to the nearest euro. Tipping propina is not generally considered mandatory in Spain, and depends on the quality of the service received. In restaurants the amount of the tip, if any, depends mainly on the kind of locale: higher percentages are expected in upscale restaurants. In bars and small restaurants, Spaniards sometimes leave as a tip the small change left on their plate after paying a bill. In the Minister of Economy, Pedro Solbes, blamed excessive tipping for the increase in the inflation rate.

Tipping dricks is commonly not expected, but is practiced to reward high quality service or as a kind gesture. Tipping is most often done by leaving small change on the table or rounding up the bill. This is mostly done at restaurants less often if payment is made at the desk and in taxis some taxis are very expensive as there is no fixed tariff, so they might not be tipped. Less often hairdressers are tipped.

Cards are heavily used in Sweden as of the s, and tips paid by cards in restaurants are regularly checked by the tax authority. Cab drivers usually do not expect to be tipped, though passengers may round up the fare. A tip of small change may be given to a hotel porter. Tipping is not expected in Britain the way it is in some other countries, however for the majority of people tipping is customary as a sign of appreciation. Employers are also banned from topping up wages with tips from customers.

Sometimes, more often in London than in other areas, or at expensive restaurants, a service charge may be included in the bill, or added separately. Tipping is practiced in Canada in a similar manner to the United States. Quebec provides alternate minimum wage schedule for all tipped employees. Some other provinces allow alternate minimum wage schedule for "liquor servers". Canadian Federal tax law considers tips as income.

Workers who receive tips are legally required to report the income to the Canada Revenue Agency and pay income tax on it. Tipping in the Caribbean varies from island to island. In St. Workers in small, economy restaurants usually do not expect a significant tip.

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Value added tax is already included in menu or other service industry pricing since Mexican Consumer Law requires the exhibition of final costs for the customer. Thus, the standard tip in Mexico is Tips to taxi drivers are unusual in Mexico, but drivers used to ask for them from tourists, knowing that is common in other countries. Locally, taxi drivers are only tipped when they offer an extra service, like helping with the luggage or similar help.

A gratuity may be added to the bill without the customer's consent, contrary to the law, [76] either explicitly printed on the bill, or by more surreptitious means alleging local custom, in some restaurants, bars, and night clubs. However, in , officials began a campaign to eradicate this increasingly rampant and abusive practice not only due to it violating Mexican consumer law, but also because frequently it was retained by owners or management.

If a service charge for tip "propina" or "restaurant service charge" is added, it is a violation of Article 10 of the Mexican Federal Law of the Consumer and Mexican authorities recommend patrons require management to refund or deduct this from their bill. Additionally, in this Federal initiative to eliminate the illegal add-ons, the government clarified that contrary even to the belief of many Mexicans, that the Mexican legal definition of tips "propinas" require it be discretionary to pay so that an unsatisfied client is under no obligation to pay anything to insure the legal definition of a tip is consistent with the traditional, cultural definition, and going as far to encourage all victims subject to the increasing illicit practice report the establishments to the PROFECO , the Office of the Federal Prosecutor for the Consumer, for prosecution.

Tipping is a practiced social custom in the United States. Tipping by definition is voluntary — at the discretion of the customer. In the case of bad or rude service no tip may be given, and the restaurant manager may be notified of the problem. The host should provide appropriate tips to workers at the end of an event; the amount may be negotiated in the contract.

Federal law permits employers to include tips towards satisfying the difference between employees' hourly wage and minimum wage. A tip pool cannot be allocated to employers, or to employees who do not customarily and regularly receive tips. These non-eligible employees include dishwashers, cooks, chefs, and janitors.

There is only limited information available on levels of tipping. A study at Iowa State University provided data for a suburban restaurant surveyed in the early s. As such, the mean tip rate was This study suggests that servers who provide amazing service are tipped marginally better, if not better at all, than servers who provide standard service.