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The Georgicks of Virgil, with an English Translation and Notes Virgil, John Martyn Ipsi in defossis specubus secura sub alta Otia agunt terra, congestaque robora, Pierius says it is confecto in the Roman manuscript. And Tacitus also says the Germans used to make caves to defend them from the severity of winter, .

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And all that just to show that the Bible is so scientifically correct. Now of course it carries through in all the animals and birds and everything, I know that. Now we know there are many areas of the world where life is cheap. God ordained that man was to be of intrinsic value. His life was not to be taken lightly. And if someone did take the life of a fellow human being, what was the stipulation? That individual also then must be put to death by his fellow man. Now we call that in the vernacular of Bible study, the instigation, or the beginning or human government.

But now God is instituting that man would have authority over fellow man, under God. And that if man was guilty of murder or of some other crime, then the authority of human government was to take that person and deal with them accordingly. Now that particular aspect and we call it, capital punishment, has never been rescinded throughout Scripture.

Now there are some things of course, that have changed, but this has never been rescinded. But what has caused our problem? Why is crime increasing every day? Why is it jumping? Because we are not deterring it with a severe enough punishment. Go back with me to Romans chapter 13 and now Paul writing to the church, and to the church at Rome in particular, but of course to the church down through the ages.

Now in Romans 13, Paul is laying out so clearly the role of government. We think that we have the best government that the world has ever known. Because certain things had to happen and they have happened because God has ordained it to come in the way it has. Personally, I think this war that has just ended — the hundred hours — might very well have been a fulfillment of Jeremiah 50 and 51 where the prophet describes the total annihilation of the nation of Babylon, which of course, Saddam claims that he is. And he wanted to be another Nebuchadnezzar.

But, a Hitler? Ordained of God? Video games, not tapes but games, where the player of the game actually is the head of a concentration camp and the game is registered on how they can put their subjects to death and how much they can make them suffer. Now you see, this is all getting the world ready again for some awful things that are coming upon human society, but the government has been ordained of God for the good of Christian people. For rulers government are not to be a terror to good works, but to the evil.

Rather he should be almost complementary. But what should he be to the law-breaker? Just that. For he the local government is a ministry of God to thee for good.

The Tower of Babel - Bible Story Verses & Meaning

Our young people seemingly have lost that fear for the authority. Because they have no fear of it. And this is the only thing that holds the fabric of society together. And this is what we call then, human government, and if you want to go back to Genesis for just a moment we have left — human government was to maintain law and order; it was to protect the lives of the citizens; and the deterrent for crime and murder in particular, God instituted capital punishment.

And any nation that practiced capital punishment had a real low crime rate until they removed it. And I think the last, most visible example is the nation of France. You know how many murders they had in France? You could just about number them on one hand. What do you suppose happened?

So no one can tell me that capital punishment is not a legitimate deterrent to murder or to major crime. So again, come back to Genesis chapter 9 and see clearly and do not forget what the Word of God says on these things because the Word is true. I stand on it from cover to cover. Make no apology for it. Noah and his sons have now come out of the Ark and God has given them new instructions. Now they are permitted to eat of anything that lives, except they were not to partake of the blood. And life is indeed precious and so God makes the stipulation now that human life is to be protected by a civil government and that civil government was to exercise law and order by setting up a deterrent, which in this case we call capital punishment.

And again, we have to realize that there are many influential people who are aghast at capital punishment. But I think the Bible takes all that into consideration. No one wants to see an innocent person put to death, and that would be horrible, we know that. But as we move on then, in verse 7, God now continues to instruct. Remember God never leaves the human race without a knowledge of His will.

Now back here they had no written law, they had no written Word, but nevertheless, God gave instructions and then it was expected that they would pass it on to the coming generation. One generation. And this has been the problem, even beginning with Adam. These three sons of Noah are going to be the progenitors then of another, within a matter of a couple of hundred years a civilization of people that go off the deep end into paganism.

And God spake unto Noah, and to his sons with him saying, And I behold, I shall establish my covenant with you, and with your seed after you;". Now remember that this word covenant pops up all the way through Scripture but especially here in the Old Testament. And a covenant is always from God to man , and consequently it cannot be broken. We call them treaties today. Well, you want to remember before the flood, it never rained. Our present day mountain ranges came up as a result of the flood. I forgot to cover a question that comes up so often.

And so the question has come up over the years, well where did all that extra water go after the flood? And then you can tell me, where is the excess water? On the frozen icecaps, Antarctica and the Arctic. Frozen as a stone. Now you see that rings a bell with the environmentalists, what are they scared to death of? Oh, the global warming. And you know I can remember telling my classes twenty years ago, that if the atmospheric temperature would raise an average of two degrees worldwide, New York City would be under water.

In other words, we can segment the whole mass of population tonight, into three areas: the sons of Ham, the sons of Shem and the sons of Japheth. And the more archaeologists dig the more they come to proving Genesis chapter 9 and particularly chapter It never glosses over anything, does it? It tells everything like it is. All right, now look what happens to Noah, verse And look what it did to the man. Even this great man, Noah. And Ham, the father of Canaan,…" Now the Scripture is careful to point that out, because Canaan immediately reminds you of what other thing in Scripture?

The Canaanites living in the land of Canaan, which now we know as the land of Israel. Because of the verb "he knew. A drunken person in a stupor would never know that someone came into the room and left and saw his nakedness. So I have to feel that something homosexual took place here and it had to be something drastic like this for Noah to come back and place a curse not upon Ham, but upon his son Canaan. And what was the problem in Sodom and Gomorrah? Now let me give you an example. Remember back in the Old Testament when David came upon the scene, the first thing when King Saul saw what a specimen this young man was, what did he ask?

And I think you have the same thing here in reverse. Had Noah placed the curse upon his son, Ham, it would have been a reflection upon whom? And so he skips that and he puts the curse upon Canaan, so that some day someone could say regarding Canaan, "Hey, whose son is that? See map below. Now down here will be ancient Sodom and Gomorrah. And this is present day Jerusalem. But this is what we normally picture as the land of Canaan, throughout all of Scripture. You know what the Old Testament says? Abraham said "my son shall not marry a Canaanite. All right, so Canaan is the one who is cursed.

And then he goes on to say:. And God shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant. Now I like to use the word role in more places than one and we can use an analogy of an athletic team. Now you take a football team, just for an example, you certainly know enough about sports that the lineman has a totally different role than a running back. And a wide receiver has a totally different role from the quarterback.

Some are on camera a lot more than others, but yet, take one of those players off the team and what happens? Well, the people who are most visible can do nothing because every member of that team has to play his role in order for the whole thing to work. They are not one superior over the other, but they all have their particular role. Now then, what are the roles that God has stipulated? And from the Canaanites then we know that there is a migration down into what we would call southern Africa and maybe even southern Arabia and well, you come down later and you get to the Queen of Sheba, who probably came from some area down in that south.

But somewhere east of the Euphrates River, we have the establishment of the offspring of the other son of Noah — Shem — and then from that Tower of Babel as they began to migrate up predominately toward Europe and western Russia, we have the offspring of Japheth. All the Arab people. So our Middle Eastern people are predominately from Shem. The offspring of Japheth are going to migrate up to Europe, Scandinavia, Great Britain and all up and down western Russia. Now all you have to do is reflect on human history. And we know that from the Tower of Babel, we have the population going to the Orient, China and I think from China, the Mongolians and those are the people that migrated then across the Pacific and were probably the forerunners of the American and the South American Indians, the Incas.

But never lose sight of the fact that those people had tremendously advanced civilizations. In fact the Chinese were way ahead of the Caucasian races when it came to materials such as silk and mathematics; the spices, and many other areas. But it all of a sudden dawned on me that when God said here that He would enlarge Japheth, I think I can see now where it came about. And go with me if you will to the book of Acts, and chapter Now up until this time, the Caucasian people or the Japhethites, were for the most part barbarian.

And so the Japhethites were really of not much impact on the human race until we get here to Acts chapter Remember Paul has been spending all of his time there in Asia Minor, which today is the land of Turkey. Now verse And all we have to do to be saved is believe that! So Paul went to Europe and it just simply overwhelmed them by what he preached. And as the Gospel went over Europe that in turn prompted European people by virtue of their convictions to go where?

To America. And so all of this again, ties together. Go back with me then to Genesis chapter 9. I always like to review for just a moment or so, for the sake of our television people who have been away now for a week, maybe some of you more. But anyway, after the flood now we see Noah and the three sons and their families are instructed to repopulate the earth, begin to cultivate it. And Noah, as someone just expressed after our last program, they had read or heard that in conference with what I said, that evidently before the flood there was no fermentation.

There was no mention of alcohol or drunkenness for sure. But nevertheless, the Scripture makes it clear that the alcohol got the best of him. He became drunk. Three hundred and fifty years he continues after the Ark and yet not one word. And you know we as believers have to be so careful. The devil is constantly out to trip us and if he can trip us hard enough and we fall far enough, we too can certainly lose our testimony. I think everyone, even the secular world, knows it takes a lifetime to build a reputation.

How long does it take to destroy it? It can happen politically. It can happen in the business world. And it can certainly happen even in Christian circles where we can build a reputation over years and years and yet it can be destroyed in almost a moment of time. Of course we would. Well, you remember then that the three sons of Noah, who came out of the Ark with their families, then become the parents of the three great classifications of people that then overspread the earth.

You might even break it down this way that out of the line of Shem, came all the mostly great, what we would call "religions. And of course when I say the line of Shem, the primary man is going to be Abraham. Out of the line of Ham then we have a lot of the original discoveries. A lot of the original inventions came from the Hamitic people.

And then out of the line of Japheth, even though as I said, they were basically uncivilized and barbarian for ever so long, yet once they came out of that they mushroomed into the people who became so, what shall I say? But coming back to the overspreading as the Bible lays it out. The sons of Ham ended up primarily in the land of Canaan and the sons of Shem out there in the Middle East, and I kind of prefer to put the Oriental peoples out of the line of Shem although I may be wrong in that.

But anyway those three basic groups of people come from these three sons of Noah. Japheth are listed first there in the first three verses or four, then in verse 6 we come to the genealogy of Hamitic people. And Cush one of the sons of Ham was the father of Nimrod; he began to be a mighty one in the earth. Now there are the three sons.

Japheth in verses 1,3,4 and 5, the sons and the genealogy of the Hamites. And then picking it up in verse 21, the offspring of Shem. Terah, the father of Abraham came out of the line of Shem. Also in those series of verses is a little tidbit that I think is interesting. Have you ever heard it? How that the various continents of the world at one time fit together just like a jigsaw puzzle. In fact all you have to do is look at a map of western Africa and eastern South America and they just look like they would definitely be pieces of a jigsaw puzzle.

All right, now I said we wanted to deal primarily in this half-hour with the man Nimrod. Come back if you will then to verse 8 where "Cush, a son of Ham, has a son and he calls him Nimrod. As a "Nimrod. Nimrod was not a hunter of wild animals. He was not a deer hunter. Nimrod was a hunter of fellow human beings. And we pick that up of course in verse 9 and He certainly was not a spiritual man.


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And the beginning of his what? Down there on the banks the Euphrates River. Nineveh,…" Now you remember that Ninevah was one of the great cities of the ancients. Who built it? The Hamitic people out of the same beginners of the city of Babel, and then also some other cities. And Nimrod as a totalitarian despot type dictator had a wife that you could liken to Jezebel. She was totally immoral.

She was unscrupulous. And her name was Semiramis. And Semiramis somehow or other, whether it was by intrigue or whatever, her husband passed off the scene, Nimrod, dies a premature death from what we can gather, and this Semiramis usurps his throne and she becomes even worse than he even dreamed of being.

And as her Jezebel type character would bring about, she has a child out of wedlock, and she names him Tamar. So the son of Semiramis is Tamar. And he is always bringing something up that is so near to the real thing that people can hardly tell the difference. So through this wicked woman Semiramis, and her offspring Tamar, by satanic influence, she dreams up the whole idea of her son being a "son of the gods.

The Tower of Babel - Bible Story

Because Semiramis claims that this child did not come from human contact but that he was a son of god. And so way back in the antiquities you have a counterfeit of the Mother and Son, or the Madonna and her Child if you want to put it that way. But this Semiramis then is the instigator of all of the wickedness that you can associate with the building of the Tower of Babel.

And they said one to another, again I have to feel that it was at the leading of Semiramis, who in turn was lead by satanic influence and so these people said let us make brick, and burn them thoroughly. And they had brick for stone, and slime for mortar. So how do you reach heaven? Well by a worship. And so what they are instituting here is a false, anti-God, ungodly system of worship whereby Satan no doubt inspired them to think that they could usurp the very heaven of God Himself.

This is the beginning of false pagan worship. Now, archaeologists have found that in the old ancient Tower of Babel, around the top were all twelve signs of the zodiac. And so I maintain that today, the horoscope, the zodiac, is that of the underworld. And I think that before the flood that Adam and the early believers understood the Word of God, not from the written page, but in the stars. They had an intrinsic knowledge of the constellations and all these things that was the Word of God written in the stars.

In Revelation chapter 17 and you come all the way down if you will with me to verse 4, now this of course is in symbolic imagery. Tremendous wealth having a golden cup in her hand full of abominations and filthiness of her fornication:" And all you have to do is just look at some of the religions in the world today, the cults and the false teachers, some of these people on television. You take some of the great religions of the world, their wealth tonight is unbelievable. It sounds so good.

And as we come back to Genesis, this is where it all started at the Tower of Babel. Go out and repopulate the whole earth. Now in an attitude of rebellion what are they saying? A breaking down of language barriers. I remember years back when the DNA was first discovered and I read an article on that. And there was I think a German, or a French scientist, there was a British scientist, and there were a pair of American scientists who were all getting real close, to the discovery of the DNA composition.

They had all been comparing notes over the years. Until of course, they got real close and they wanted to be the only one to discover it, so then they quit. But basically what enhanced their discovery was this breakdown of the language barrier and they could converse. This is where they were here at Babel. They had one language and they had already the seeds of technology. What would they have been able to do? But, He forced them to go out into the very reaches of civilization. Therefore the name of it is called Babel;…" And the definition of the word babble is confusion.

It originated by the confusion of the tongues. But today, we speak of the world and all of its business and everything else as Babylon, in the book of Revelation. And why? Because, the world tonight is nothing but a mass of confusion. Just mass confusion. And yet the Word of God is so plain. Why is it? Just take the basic doctrine of salvation for example.

God has made it so simple, yet most want to work for it. Paul in this Age of Grace where we cannot work for salvation tells us, "To believe in our heart that Jesus died for our sins, was buried and rose again," as found in I Corinthians and Romans And that is back to the Tower of Babel, and some of the things that are still with us today. For example, I guess all of you are acquainted with the Easter egg hunt at Easter.

And the Easter bunny, Santa Claus at Christmas, the Christmas tree, well where did all these things originate? Every one of them goes back to the Tower of Babel! Because you see, as they instituted pagan worship, in consort with the Tower of Babel, the first thing Semiramis introduced, as I mentioned last time, was the idea that her son Tamar was a son of god. The female goddess. And so the very core of what later became the mythologies of Rome and Greece and Egypt and Babylon was centered on a female goddess. Those are escaping me. Yeah, Diana of the Ephesians. You know them. Well, anyway associated with that naturally followed then the fertility rites.

Well, new life. And new life of course speaks of fertility, and so they put all this together then as they formed their fertility rites around the worship centered on the spring equinox, March 21 and Either the new moon, or the full moon or what have you. And so way back here then, they instituted these fertility rites in association with the spring equinox and thereby came then the rabbit associated with our Easter and the Easter egg associated supposedly indicative of new life. But remember its pagan in its origin.

Well the same way with many of our customs of Christmas. That of course, is close to the first day of winter, the winter solstice as we call it, December 21 and 22 where again the ancient pagans went through their various rituals in their worship and so they instituted for example the worship of the evergreen tree because it alone was still showing signs of life when everything else was dead.

And then the ancient Europeans actually began a worship of the evergreen tree, all coming out of these pagan systems and they also had in Europe what they called the Yule log — the burning of the Yule log. And you see, as Christianity then, back in the early days in the first and second and third century of Christianity, a lot of these pagan people were coming into the "church.

We ought to do this and we ought to do that. But I want people to know, where do they come from? They have no place in our present day church. That is a symbol of paganism! But I kind of think in my own line of thinking that April 1 st would be more likely and again I just pass this out in speculation. But, I prefer to think that Christ was more likely born on April 1 st than any other time. He may be right.

I think Adam was created and brought on the scene April 1 st. God stipulated to the nation of Israel that April is to be the first month of the year to them. I think that Christ was probably resurrected on an April 1 st. Now I say — I think. I read one commentary on it; he said the word should have been "splattered.

And you remember a couple of weeks ago, I pointed out that primarily we have the offspring of Ham ending up here along the Mediterranean. We have the offspring of Shem out here in the area of ancient Babylon, because this is where Abraham is going to originate. And this is now then the main area of the Semitic people, the Arabs and the Israelites. And then the offspring of Japheth migrated on up into western Russia and on up in to Europe, Scandinavia, Great Britain and the northern shores of the Mediterranean. And so all the people of the earth are now coming from the three sons of Noah.

Now as we come over to verse 10 in chapter 11, we keep moving on. So if you can get these names straight, that Nahor was the father of Terah, Terah was the father of Abraham, as well as his brother Haran. And they are living down here on the Euphrates River, down here in the ancient city of Ur. Turn all the way to the last chapter, which is chapter Joshua chapter 24 and just drop right in to verse 1 and 2. Now this of course, is taking place many, many years later.

Israel is now in the land of promise, having been led there under Joshua after Moses passed off the scene. Because Joshua is not on the east side of Euphrates and speaking of west of the river but speaking from the land of Israel, he said, our forefathers came from the other side of the river. That would have to put Ur over here. All right, verse 27 then, still in chapter 11 where it says:. But Sarai was barren; she had no child. And the days of Terah were two hundred and five years: and Terah died in Haran.

But, Damascus, Syria the present day city and up north of that was the community that we know in Scripture as Haran. And as they migrated from Ur to Haran it was here that God put the stop on them until Terah dies. What was Terah? He was an idolater. He worshiped other gods. Now in order to pick up the prompting of this family moving out of their home ground we have to go to chapter 12 verse 1. And all you have to do is watch the verb tense. We know that the people of the Orient are tight knit when it comes to family, even today.

You go into China and the family in spite of what the Communists have tried to do, is still a tight knit unit. Also the Middle Easterners have been nomadic, from day one. And they would move from place to place with their flocks and their herds. I mean after all we can pick up our tents and we can move. Well, he lets them migrate and He brings them on up to Haran up there into what is modern day Syria and there God put the brakes on and He waits until Terah dies and then after Terah has died, now Abram comes down into the land of Canaan.

Got that picture? Now what I like to have you do, is somehow, anyway you see fit, understand that verses 2 and 3 are what we call the Abrahamic Covenant. Now you can either put a circle around them, underline them or put it out on your margin — this is the Abrahamic Covenant. And now God makes a covenant with this man Abram. He is now what? Eighty some years old, ninety?

And Sarah is only a few years younger. And now look what God says, in verse 2 and I was encouraged sometime ago when the Daily Oklahoman interviewed our own Senator Nichols and Senator Nichols, a devout Roman Catholic, said in his interview that even though his own church did not see things as he did, yet he had to stand on the Biblical premise that the nation or the people that will bless Israel, will be blessed of God and he says, I have to believe the Bible. And they made it plain in their various addresses at that meeting that the nation that stands with Israel is going to be in the very blessings of God.

And so never lose sight of this promise to Abraham, that He would make them a great nation and that He would bless the man individually and we know that he was. He would make his name great. The man is still world renowned, many, many thousand years later. So indeed, his name is great. But the best parts of this covenant are in verse 3, two of them. Now of course, what did God have in mind? Salvation would come to the whole human race through the nation of Israel. Or being a Jew? Now verse 2 the answer to the question. Much, every way: of course they had an advantage chiefly because unto them were committed what?

Some would maintain that Luke was a Gentile, and I prefer to think that if he was anything we might have been a half-Gentile, but I think he was still primarily a Jew. Every word of this Book has come to us from the Jewish people. And never lose sight of it. If we had time and you can do it in your own leisure. You go into Romans chapter 11 where Paul says, that by their fall that is through the fall of Israel, when they rejected their Messiah what did it prompt? Israel has been set aside only temporarily. They are still in His eternal program. Christendom is a mass of confusion tonight.

Do you know people like that? Now this is one of the letters of Paul written to the predominately Gentile churches there and the Ephesian letter was more or less in encyclical. In other words, it was written more or less with the idea that it would be passed around to all the other churches in the area.

But it was predominately to the Gentiles that he writes, beginning in verse 11 for sake of time. And again those of you watching on television, if possible, find a Bible and take down these verses. Take down some notes and if it should leave you with your head swimming, you can go back and see what the Word says. And that is that our Gentile forefathers were in this situation. How could God do that?

But this was the state, you want to remember, of our forefathers back in the pre-Christian era. And so our forefathers, back there before these revelations that were especially given to the Apostle Paul, our forefathers were in this set of circumstances. They were not part of the nation of Israel. They were Gentiles. They were in no way associated with the Covenants that God made with Israel and consequently then, they were without Christ, "they were without God in this world.

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We are no longer under those circumstances of being outside the Covenants and aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, without hope and without God, now Paul says:. They were without hope, without God in this world are made nigh by the blood of Christ. I guess my most fervent prayer day in and day out is "that no one will ever come to my classes over a period of time and slip out into eternity lost. All right, now turn if you will then to I Corinthians 15 the first four verses.

I use them often enough in my nightly classes that I trust people can almost just see these words in their sleep. He says:. We have to know what we believe. Now here comes the Gospel in the next 2 verses that saves you if you truly believe it for your salvation. It was all preplanned from eternity past. It was all considered before man even came on the scene. But it says, very plainly that if we believe this Gospel, "that Christ died, was buried and rose from the dead" — when we believe that with all our heart that Gospel becomes the very power of God Himself. The very power that created the universe is released on us, to us, in us and we by that power of God then become a child of God.

We take it by faith. By believing. Now all of this coming back then to what we just saw in Ephesians 2, that we have been made nigh by the blood of Christ. How in the world can anyone say that, when the Bible is full of the fact "that without the shedding of blood there is no remission? And then Paul comes along and is constantly referring to Christ as our Passover. He is the One who died for us, who shed His blood for us, He is the sacrifice and the only sacrifice that God was satisfied with. The blood of Christ! We touched on it just a little bit last week, but now in chapter 12 of Genesis, we come to a place where once again, God is seeing the human race time after time utterly rebel and reject Him.

Now just for a moment of review. Well, he rebelled. He sinned. He was disobedient. It was a new set of regulations that God had now given, instruction or whatever you want to call it, was just totally different from life in the Garden. All right, under that set of circumstances then we found the human race just utterly rebel until it got so bad God had to bring in the flood.

Now again watch what happens. Another new ball game. A whole new set of circumstances, and again God gives even more or different rules and regulations to live by. Remember we pointed out how that He gave instruction that they could kill animals and eat the flesh thereof.

And so there was all these things that just made life after the flood totally different than life before the flood. But yet, the circumstances change. At the Tower of Babel paganism just permeated the whole human race. They had all flocked after idolatry and paganism. Now what does God have to do? For almost years, and I want to bring this out, from Genesis through chapter 11, covers years of human history.

But here God is with a human race that again has totally rejected His offer of salvation. And then we can use that three-lettered word again — " But God". We know that. He has laid the whole line of human history out ahead of time. And yet He has never taken the free will away from man to accomplish it. So now with the human race totally saturated in idolatry, He says:. The human race.

Now this wide line come all the way from Adam years back. Now at the end of that first years, like I said a moment ago, God is going to do something different. His name to start with is Abram and we get to know him better as Abraham. The Jew. And here is what Paul was referring to in Ephesians. What had God been doing for years? With no one left off, they all had knowledge of what He expected of them, what did they do with it? They stepped it under foot.

They ignored it for years so what makes mankind think they would have changed? They would just constantly live in rebellion and it would go gradually from bad to worse. So He is perfectly just, as Paul says in Ephesians, to leave these people now to take their course of human history "without God," without anything to do with this little nation of people that God is going to be working with particularly now until some future time. Now am I making myself clear? From God to man. Sooner or later these covenants are always going to come to fruition.

Never lose sight of that. Has God forgotten them? Not at all. Because before they got to the place where God could now take them into the Gentile nations and use them as His missionaries or His evangelists, what did they do? They crucified the Lord of Glory. But again, Satan may have thought that he was the victor by seeing the very Son of God dying on that Roman cross.

Satan was. Saul of Tarsus. And then if you know anything about your Old Testament stories, you remember that when Jacob was on his way back with his wives and his children and all of a sudden his father-in-law, Laban came chasing after him. And what was he all upset about? Oh, his daughters had brought their gods with them. So even the relatives of Abraham and Sarah and Jacob were still steeped in idolatry even though they were not part of a Canaanite tribe or anything like that, but by the time we get to Genesis 12 every one are idolaters.

There is no knowledge of the true God whatsoever. And in that set of circumstances, God sees the heart of this man Abram that it was fertile, it was open and so God revealed Himself to him in rather simplistic language. And I will make of thee a great underline the next word nation, I will bless thee, and make thy name great; And thou shalt be a blessing: 3. And curse him that curseth thee And He cannot go back on it.

And we know that over the last years of time this has held true for the last jot and tittle. Any nation, any empire that has come down on the nation of Israel has seen its own demise. You can start with Babylon. Any nation that curses Israel will be cursed of God. But I love the nation of Israel simply because the Bible says to. You want to remember that over the years of time, the nation of Israel has never been more than 15 or 16 million — total. All through the antiquities, they were only about 5 — 10 million. But yet this is the little nation of people that God has seen fit to separate unto Himself and give them this Covenant.

Abraham just understood that God was promising him a posterity that at one time in the future would be used of God to bring a knowledge of the God of Abraham to the masses of humanity. Number one, He is promising Abraham that out of him will come a nation of people. Now even a lot of Jews today do not seem to realize that to be a Jew is not just to embrace a certain religion. It was their bloodline. Do you realize that? All of your Middle Eastern people are intrinsically connected to this man and all the problems present in the Middle East tonight have their roots in this man Abraham.

And Laban, from whom Jacob got his two wives, they were Syrians, but they were relatives of Abram back there as they came out of Ur of the Chaldees. Then when Abraham began to have his first son, Ishmael. Who are the people that come from Ishmael? Well, your Arab people. But that all came from Abram. And then you see, as you come on through the account of the Old Testament, even Lot, a nephew of Abram, or Abraham, had sons by his two daughters after the fall of Sodom and Gomorrah, they also then become part of the Arab world.

They are the ones in the Old Testament referred to as Moab and Ammonites and some of those. So, your whole Middle Eastern boiling pot all goes back to this one man, Abraham. But as God let the human race operate under their free will, all these things began to happen. For example, Ishmael the father of the Arab people, who have been a thorn in the side of the Jew since days immemorial, you go back to the books of Ezra and Nehemiah. Read it carefully, and as they were trying to rebuild the Temple and the wall, it says that they had to build with a trowel in one hand and sword in the other.

Well who was opposing them? The Arabs. And visa versa. All right, so in this Abrahamic Covenant is a promise of a Nation. And you cannot have a nation of people unless they have what? They have to have a geographical area. Now you put people within a geographical area, what do they have to have? And with a future government that is beyond human comprehension. And this government would be when God Himself would be their King. Now we also call that person, what? The Greek is Christ. Messiah and Christ are synonymous. When you speak of Jesus the Christ, you are actually saying Jesus the Messiah.

Genesis 15 and come down to verse 2. And all these things just point up how human all these patriarchs were. And Abraham said, Behold to me thou hast given no seed: no child and lo, one born in my house is my heir. His nephew. God says, yes you are Abram. For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath whereof to glory; or he could brag, he could boast but never before God. If every time you turned around you had to listen to somebody else tell you all that they did to get there.

None of us are going to be able to boast about what we did to merit Heaven, not even Abraham. Not some ecclesiastical group. But "What saith the scripture? But there is nothing that we can do physically to merit something like this from God. But like Abraham, all God looks for is our faith, our heart believing. I do not subscribe to that and those of you who have been with me over the years know that.

But for the person who honestly, completely with all his heart believes and trusts what God said, God does the same for us as He did for Abraham. Do you look like one? That person told you wrong. But, we do have an affinity to this man Abraham. And what is that?

Genesis 11

They brought a sacrifice. They worshiped at the Temple and all these other things. It was faith plus — bring Me that sacrifice. Was that man accepted? He had to follow his faith with the works that were required. Abraham did no such thing. He believed. Plus nothing. By being obedient to what God told Paul for us in I Corinthians , and is known as Paul Gospel of salvation, "how Jesus died for our sins, was buried and rose again.

But faith is something beyond the flesh. I can always think years back of one man in particular who had just literally hit the skids and he had gotten down to the bottom where he was as he termed it himself — ungodly. God was so far from him that finally in desperation, he cried out one night. Genesis 15, we just saw that Abraham is going to have people following him as numerous as the stars of the heavens.

And in our closing moment, look what it says:. So always remember that the nation of Israel became a Nation of people while they were in slavery in Egypt. Oh, someday God is going to take you back to our homeland, to Canaan. And when you go whenever it is, be sure you do what? Now within that Abrahamic Covenant remember, we have these three basic premises: 1. Not just an ordinary government, not even kings such as David and Solomon. This was all part and parcel of this Abrahamic Covenant. All right, Genesis chapter 46 is where we closed last week, where God said to Jacob as he was hankering to get down in Egypt where Joseph was, He said:.

Because you remember, Egypt in Scripture is a picture of what? Of the world. And so now God has come to the place where He can permit Jacob to go on down to Egypt with his sons and their wives and their family and Joseph and his family are already there — so for a total of 70 some souls, will move down into Egypt and then look what it says:.

In Exodus chapter 19 drop down to verse 5 and again get the setting. Israel is now out of the land of Egypt. They have come through the Red Sea experience. But just before God gives the Commandments to Moses, look what He tells this nation of people. But, the word in its original language was of intrinsic value.

You shall be a special people. Because God is Sovereign. He can do any way He wants to do. As we understand the word priest, what is the role of a priest? Now Israel was being promised that if they would be obedient to the commands and the covenants of God, they would be a kingdom, a nation of priests — go-betweens.

But the whole idea of this thing is that they were to become a nation of go-betweens. Zechariah is the next to the last book in your Old Testament, and come down to chapter 8. Zechariah chapter 8 and try to keep all this sorted out now in your memory - that Israel had become a nation of people while they were down there in Egypt. They are now a nation of people and He is promising that they can be priests of God, they could be the go-betweens, not just between each other but between themselves and again, this river of humanity.

Now remember the whole idea of separating this little nation of people is to prepare them for the day when they could be all that God wanted them to be with regard to the non-Jewish people, which we normally refer to now as Gentiles. So we have people and nations — plural shall come to seek the LORD of hosts where? When God is finally using Israel to evangelize the nations it shall come to pass that ten men shall take hold out of all languages around the world, every tongue and tribe and nation of people of the nations, even shall take hold of the skirt of him that is a Jew, saying, We want to go with you for we have heard what?

God is with you. And this is what Israel had in her future. Oh she could come to the place where ten men to one would say, "Can we go with you and go back to Jerusalem and meet this God of yours that we can have fellowship with Him as you do? The Book of Jubilees contains one of the most detailed accounts found anywhere of the Tower. And they began to build, and in the fourth week they made brick with fire, and the bricks served them for stone, and the clay with which they cemented them together was asphalt which comes out of the sea, and out of the fountains of water in the land of Shinar.

And they built it: forty and three years were they building it; its breadth was bricks, and the height [of a brick] was the third of one; its height amounted to cubits and 2 palms, and [the extent of one wall was] thirteen stades [and of the other thirty stades]. Jubilees —21, Charles' translation. In Pseudo-Philo , the direction for the building is ascribed not only to Nimrod, who is made prince of the Hamites , but also to Joktan , as prince of the Semites , and to Phenech son of Dodanim , as prince of the Japhetites.

Twelve men are arrested for refusing to bring bricks, including Abraham , Lot , Nahor , and several sons of Joktan. However, Joktan finally saves the twelve from the wrath of the other two princes. He wrote that it was Nimrod who had the tower built and that Nimrod was a tyrant who tried to turn the people away from God. In this account, God confused the people rather than destroying them because annihilation with a Flood hadn't taught them to be godly.

Now it was Nimrod who excited them to such an affront and contempt of God. He was the grandson of Ham, the son of Noah, a bold man, and of great strength of hand. He persuaded them not to ascribe it to God as if it were through his means they were happy, but to believe that it was their own courage which procured that happiness. He also gradually changed the government into tyranny , seeing no other way of turning men from the fear of God, but to bring them into a constant dependence on his power Now the multitude were very ready to follow the determination of Nimrod and to esteem it a piece of cowardice to submit to God; and they built a tower, neither sparing any pains, nor being in any degree negligent about the work: and, by reason of the multitude of hands employed in it, it grew very high, sooner than any one could expect; but the thickness of it was so great, and it was so strongly built, that thereby its great height seemed, upon the view, to be less than it really was.

It was built of burnt brick, cemented together with mortar, made of bitumen , that it might not be liable to admit water. When God saw that they acted so madly, he did not resolve to destroy them utterly, since they were not grown wiser by the destruction of the former sinners [in the Flood]; but he caused a tumult among them, by producing in them diverse languages, and causing that, through the multitude of those languages, they should not be able to understand one another. The place wherein they built the tower is now called Babylon , because of the confusion of that language which they readily understood before; for the Hebrews mean by the word Babel , confusion.

The Sibyl also makes mention of this tower, and of the confusion of the language, when she says thus"When all men were of one language, some of them built a high tower, as if they would thereby ascend up to heaven; but the gods sent storms of wind and overthrew the tower, and gave everyone a peculiar language; and for this reason it was that the city was called Babylon.

Third Apocalypse of Baruch or 3 Baruch, c. In the account, Baruch is first taken in a vision to see the resting place of the souls of "those who built the tower of strife against God, and the Lord banished them. Those who gave counsel to build the tower, for they whom thou seest drove forth multitudes of both men and women, to make bricks; among whom, a woman making bricks was not allowed to be released in the hour of child-birth, but brought forth while she was making bricks, and carried her child in her apron, and continued to make bricks.

And the Lord appeared to them and confused their speech, when they had built the tower to the height of four hundred and sixty-three cubits. And they took a gimlet , and sought to pierce the heavens, saying, Let us see whether the heaven is made of clay, or of brass, or of iron. When God saw this He did not permit them, but smote them with blindness and confusion of speech, and rendered them as thou seest. Greek Apocalypse of Baruch, —8.

Rabbinic literature offers many different accounts of other causes for building the Tower of Babel, and of the intentions of its builders. According to one midrash the builders of the Tower, called "the generation of secession" in the Jewish sources, said: "God has no right to choose the upper world for Himself, and to leave the lower world to us; therefore we will build us a tower, with an idol on the top holding a sword, so that it may appear as if it intended to war with God" Gen.

Buber, Noah, xxvii. The building of the Tower was meant to bid defiance not only to God, but also to Abraham , who exhorted the builders to reverence. The passage mentions that the builders spoke sharp words against God, saying that once every 1, years, heaven tottered so that the water poured down upon the earth, therefore they would support it by columns that there might not be another deluge Gen. Some among that generation even wanted to war against God in heaven Talmud Sanhedrin a.

They were encouraged in this undertaking by the notion that arrows that they shot into the sky fell back dripping with blood, so that the people really believed that they could wage war against the inhabitants of the heavens Sefer ha-Yashar , Chapter — According to Josephus and Midrash Pirke R. According to another midrashic account, one third of the Tower builders were punished by being transformed into semi-demonic creatures and banished into three parallel dimensions, inhabited now by their descendants. Although not mentioned by name, the Quran has a story with similarities to the biblical story of the Tower of Babel, although set in the Egypt of Moses: Pharaoh asks Haman to build him a stone or clay tower so that he can mount up to heaven and confront the God of Moses.

Another story in Sura 2 mentions the name of Babil , but tells of when the two angels Harut and Marut taught magic to some people in Babylon and warned them that magic is a sin and that their teaching them magic is a test of faith. In the History of the Prophets and Kings by the 9th-century Muslim theologian al-Tabari , a fuller version is given: Nimrod has the tower built in Babil, God destroys it, and the language of mankind, formerly Syriac , is then confused into 72 languages.

Another Muslim historian of the 13th century, Abu al-Fida relates the same story, adding that the patriarch Eber an ancestor of Abraham was allowed to keep the original tongue, Hebrew in this case, because he would not partake in the building. Although variations similar to the biblical narrative of the Tower of Babel exist within Islamic tradition, the central theme of God separating humankind on the basis of language is alien to Islam according to the author Yahiya Emerick.

In Islamic belief, he argues, God created nations to know each other and not to be separated. In the Book of Mormon , a man named Jared and his family ask God that their language not be confounded at the time of the Tower of Babel. Because of their prayers, God preserves their language and leads them to the Valley of Nimrod. From there, they travel across the sea to the Americas. The confusion of tongues confusio linguarum is the origin myth for the fragmentation of human languages described in the Book of Genesis —9, as a result of the construction of the Tower of Babel.

Genesis claims that prior to the event, humanity spoke a single language.

The Tower of Babel

This has sometimes been interpreted as being in contradiction to the earlier Genesis ,. During the Middle Ages, the Hebrew language was widely considered the language used by God to address Adam in Paradise , and by Adam as lawgiver the Adamic language by various Jewish, Christian, and Muslim scholastics. Dante in the Divina commedia implies however that the language of Paradise was different from later Hebrew by saying that Adam addressed God as I rather than El.

Before the acceptance of the Indo-European language family , these languages were considered to be " Japhetite " by some authors e. Beginning in Renaissance Europe, priority over Hebrew was claimed for the alleged Japhetic languages, which were supposedly never corrupted because their speakers had not participated in the construction of the Tower of Babel. The Swedish physician Andreas Kempe wrote a satirical tract in , where he made fun of the contest between the European nationalists to claim their native tongue as the Adamic language.

Caricaturing the attempts by the Swede Olaus Rudbeck to pronounce Swedish the original language of mankind, Kempe wrote a scathing parody where Adam spoke Danish , God spoke Swedish , and the serpent French. The primacy of Hebrew was still defended by some authors until the emergence of modern linguistics in the second half of the 18th century, e. Historical linguistics has long wrestled with the idea of a single original language.

In the Middle Ages, and down to the 17th century, attempts were made to identify a living descendant of the Adamic language. The literal belief that the world's linguistic variety originated with the tower of Babel is pseudolinguistics , and is contrary to the known facts about the origin and history of languages. In the Biblical introduction of the Tower of Babel account, in Genesis , it is said that everyone on Earth spoke the same language, but this is inconsistent with the Biblical description of the post-Noahic world described in Genesis , where it is said that the descendants of Shem, Ham, and Japheth gave rise to different nations, each with their own language.

There have also been a number of traditions around the world that describe a divine confusion of the one original language into several, albeit without any tower. The Estonian myth of "the Cooking of Languages" [42] has also been compared. There are several mediaeval historiographic accounts that attempt to make an enumeration of the languages scattered at the Tower of Babel. Because a count of all the descendants of Noah listed by name in chapter 10 of Genesis LXX provides 15 names for Japheth's descendants, 30 for Ham's, and 27 for Shem's, these figures became established as the 72 languages resulting from the confusion at Babel—although the exact listing of these languages changed over time.

The LXX Bible has two additional names, Elisa and Cainan, not found in the Masoretic text of this chapter, so early rabbinic traditions, such as the Mishna , speak instead of "70 languages". Some of the earliest sources for 72 sometimes 73 languages are the 2nd-century Christian writers Clement of Alexandria Stromata I, 21 and Hippolytus of Rome On the Psalms 9 ; it is repeated in the Syriac book Cave of Treasures c. Augustine 's The City of God The chronicles attributed to Hippolytus c.

Isidore of Seville in his Etymologiae c. This listing was to prove quite influential on later accounts that made the Lombards and Franks themselves into descendants of eponymous grandsons of Japheth, e. Other sources that mention 72 or 70 languages scattered from Babel are the Old Irish poem Cu cen mathair by Luccreth moccu Chiara c.

Villani adds that it "was begun years after the Flood, and there were 2, years from the beginning of the world to the confusion of the Tower of Babel. And we find that they were years working at it; and men lived long in those times". According to the Gesta Hunnorum et Hungarorum , however, the project was begun only years following the Deluge.

The tradition of 72 languages persisted into later times. The Book of Genesis does not mention how tall the tower was. The Third Apocalypse of Baruch mentions that the 'tower of strife' reached a height of cubits, or Gregory of Tours writing c. Its wall, made of baked brick cemented with pitch, is fifty cubits wide, two hundred high, and four hundred and seventy stades in circumference. A stade contains five agripennes. Twenty-five gates are situated on each side, which make in all one hundred.

The doors of these gates, which are of wonderful size, are cast in bronze. The same historian tells many other tales of this city, and says: 'Although such was the glory of its building still it was conquered and destroyed. A typical medieval account is given by Giovanni Villani : He relates that "it measured eighty miles [ km] round, and it was already 4, paces high, or 5. The 17th-century historian Verstegan provides yet another figure — quoting Isidore, he says that the tower was 5, paces high, or 7. He also quotes unnamed authors who say that the spiral path was so wide that it contained lodgings for workers and animals, and other authors who claim that the path was wide enough to have fields for growing grain for the animals used in the construction.

Gordon considers the height of the Tower of Babel. Elementary arithmetic shows that a tower with parallel walls could have been built to a height of 2. However, by making the walls taper towards the top they Escher depicts a more stylized geometrical structure in his woodcut representing the story. Fritz Lang 's film Metropolis , in a flashback, plays upon themes of lack of communication between the designers of the tower and the workers who are constructing it.

The short scene states how the words used to glorify the tower's construction by its designers took on totally different, oppressive meanings to the workers. This led to its destruction as they rose up against the designers because of the insufferable working conditions. The appearance of the tower was modeled after Brueghel's painting. The political philosopher Michael Oakeshott surveyed historic variations of the Tower of Babel in different cultures [46] and produced a modern retelling of his own in his book, On History.

He attributes this behaviour to fascination with novelty, persistent dissatisfaction, greed, and lack of self-reflection. Byatt 's novel Babel Tower is about the question "whether language can be shared, or, if that turns out to be illusory, how individuals, in talking to each other, fail to understand each other". Science fiction writer Ted Chiang wrote a story called "Tower of Babylon" that imagined a miner's climbing the tower all the way to the top where he meets the vault of heaven.

Both the original and the rebuilt tower resembles the painting Tower of Babel by artist Pieter Bruegel the Elder. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 5 July This article is about the Biblical story. For other uses, see Tower of Babel disambiguation. Mythical tower described in the Book of Genesis.

See also: Comparative mythology and Mythical origins of language. Main article: Etemenanki. This article is about the origin myth. For the film, see The Confusion of Tongues. Further information: Origin of language and Mythical origins of language. Bible portal Book of Mormon portal Judaism portal Quran portal. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 22 December The Jewish Study Bible. Hebrew Myths: The Book of Genesis. Random House. Tree of Souls: The Mythology of Judaism. Journal of the American Oriental Society.