The geopolitical analysis of local power struggles and the study of the specifics of Parisian electoral geography enable us to better understand this situation, which seems to go against electoral sociology. They shed some light on what is at stake with the plans for the administrative break-up of the Greater Paris metropolitan area. Quels sont les enjeux de la perte de ce fief pour la droite?
Au second tour, le maintien des listes dissidentes annihile les espoirs de la droite. En , la droite parisienne a compris les erreurs de Tableau 2. Tableau 3. Tableau 5. Sources RGP Boy D. Maurin E. Ronai S. Subra P. Ce qui constituera une rupture remarquable.
Nicolas Sarkozy has charged the Commission Balladur with thinking about a reform of French territorial organization. It is very likely that this commission will encounter two major obstacles. The first will be the resistance of the institutions themselves and of the local elected representatives. For the same reason, the fusion of regions will also be problematic. But it is the political and identity functions of these local territories that is likely to be the main problem.
In any case, for the first time since the French Revolution, the door is open for a differentiated organization of the territory, based on regions. This will constitute a remarkable rupture. A la fois pour des raisons de fond et pour des raisons tactiques.
Les territoires ont en effet plusieurs fonctions. Sarkozy, 23 octobre Je veux des solutions! Et ne vous interdisez rien! It is a fact that the sacred texts are the object of diverse interpretations depending on the goals of those who interpret them and geopolitical contexts. This article aims to demonstrate the centrality of the study of sacred texts in the analysis of some complex geopolitical situations.
In this context, the Syrian case is convenient for this kind of demonstration, because it is filled with historical and religious perceptions. It is of particular importance to study the Syrian and non-Syrian Christian perceptions related to Antioch because these representations are really significant in understanding the continuity of the Syrian attachment to the sanjak of Alexandrette, today in Turkish territory and named Hatay. The reading of the New Gospel as well as the history of the primitive Christianity and its expansion outside its original territory partially explains this attachment as well as the deep adequacy between Syria and Antioch in the Syrian and universal Christian minds.
This probably does not escape the attention of the Syrian political elites. Thereby, in the Syrian Christian elites minds, if they give up their territorial claims on Antioch, Syria might see itself emptied of its dimension of Christian spiritual centrality, which would have consequences at the levels of its international attraction and its links with some western states. Finally, while a real geopolitical improvement can be noticed since a few years in the relationships between Turkey and Syria, it arises the question of the issue of the Syrian territorial claims on Hatay, former Sanjak of Alexandrette.
Les exemples ne manquent pas. B, , pp. La question demeure ouverte. Quels en sont les acteurs? Telles sont les questions en suspens. Aoyama H. E Studies Series. Batatu H. Daoudy M. Denis J. Gilquin M.
"Outre-mer" : l'Afrique sans régions - Persée
Marguerat D. Onassis G. Sharif M. B , Ac 9, , p. Valter S. Vouga F. Weulersse J. Yilmaz R. Miller, Berkeley Public Policy Press, Fighting the power of political machines, activists and reformers have progressively imposed a democratization of their party nomination process for the presidential election. The system is so decentralized and complex that it gives tremendous power to voters and States who come early in the process, no matter how little representative they are of the entire electorate or population.
The election is the most open since , which encouraged strong competition between candidates but also between states and voters who all want to weigh in the final choice. Yet the competition has been so tight among the democratic candidates that it ended up restoring —technically at least— the power of the party elite. But for political reasons, democratization prevailed. Le comptage est assez complexe et tient compte de la participation. Hall Jamieson, K. Polsby, N. Milkis, S. Bernard et F.
La situation est semblable dans un ouvrage classique en langue anglaise, Africa and the Islands 5. Certains Etats, cependant, comme le Congo? A mon avis, non. En ce qui concerne l'Afrique, plus que le livre de P. Quelle capitale! Ainsi P. Or cette condition n'est qu'imparfaitement remplie dans les pays africains.
Tout d'abord, sur le plan politique, bien des Etats africains ne sont pas encore vraiment des nations. Qui aide qui? Bruneau, A. Durand- Lasserve. Bernard, op.
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Seek et A. Mondjannagni, l'Afrique occidentale, P. Battistini, l'Afrique australe et Madagascar, P.
Denis, P. Vennetier, J.
Réunion AFFOI-US à Washington
Wilmet, l'Afrique centrale et orientale, P. Harrison-Church, J-I. Clarke, P-J-H. Clarke, H-J-R. Henderson, Africa and the Islands, Longmans, Cotten, U. Durand-Lasserve, M. L'effort est juste : il n'est 2 qu'excessif! Bernard a raison 2 ; plus 7 "Ou tu-Mer" 15 Afrique. Notes 1.