Alternative titles are shown unlinked, but with "see [Article]" after their name pointing to the article name. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikimedia list article. Patience or solitaire US by family - list.
A Game of Patience
Baker's Dozen Capricieuse Martha Perseverance. American Toad Duchess Eagle Wing. Decade One-Handed. Mop Scorpion Simple Simon. Patience or Solitaire by type - list , glossary. Babette Labyrinth Parallels. Helena Stonewall Yukon Zodiac.
The purpose of the patience generally involves manipulating a layout of cards with a goal of sorting them in some manner. It is possible to play the same games competitively often a head to head race and cooperatively.
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Patience games typically involve dealing cards from a shuffled deck into a prescribed arrangement on a tabletop, from which the player attempts to reorder the deck by suit and rank through a series of moves transferring cards from one place to another under prescribed restrictions. Some games allow for the reshuffling of the decks, or the placement of cards into new or "empty" locations. In the most familiar, general form of patience, the object of the game is to build up four blocks of cards going from ace to king in each suit, taking cards from the layout if they appear on the table.
- Wohnrecht 2012 (German Edition).
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There is a vast array of variations on the patience theme, using either one or more decks of cards, with rules of varying complexity and skill levels. Many of these have been converted to electronic form and are available as computer games. The game is most likely German or Scandinavian in origin. Patience was first mentioned in literature shortly after cartomantic layouts were developed circa , suggesting a connection between the two.
Guide to games: Patience: How to play classic patience | Life and style | The Guardian
This theory is supported by the name of the game in Danish and Norwegian, kabal e. An account describes a variant of the game exclusively used for cartomancy. The first collection of patience card games in the English language is attributed to Lady Adelaide Cadogan through her Illustrated Games of Patience , published in about and reprinted several times. Jones a. Cavendish , Angelo Lewis a. In most games of patience the overall aim is to arrange all thirteen cards of each suit in order in a "family" running from ace to king.
Normally the ace forms the "foundation" on which a two of the same suit is placed, followed by a three and so on. This is known as "building" and all such games are, technically, builders. However, in many games the cards must be assembled in reverse order on another part of the layout called the "tableau".
They can then be built in the right sequence on the foundations. This interim process of reverse building is calling "packing". Games that use this technique are thus called "packers".
Games that use neither technique are called "non-builders". There are also specials kinds of packer-games which may be further sub-classified as: . Patience games may be classified by the degree to which the cards are revealed. In "open" games, all the cards are visible throughout the game and the player has to use powers of analysis to solve the patience.
- Classic patience.
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In "closed" games, cards are drawn from a face-down stock and the player has to use judgement because the sequence of cards is unknown until they appear. In between is a hybrid group which Parlett calls "half-open". From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It has been suggested that Twenty-Five solitaire be merged into this article. Discuss Proposed since June Historical Card Games.