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The Georgicks of Virgil, with an English Translation and Notes Virgil, John Martyn Ipsi in defossis specubus secura sub alta Otia agunt terra, congestaque robora, Pierius says it is confecto in the Roman manuscript. And Tacitus also says the Germans used to make caves to defend them from the severity of winter, .

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This course also examines several substantive policy areas such as social welfare policy, education policy, economic policy, etc. Students will have chances to analyze real Singapore policy cases by employing theories covered in the lecture. In sum, this course aims to provide both theoretical and practical training for students.

This course examines theories and practices of leadership in public sector. It helps the students develop knowledge, understanding and skills to work more effectively in public sector and to be a more effective leader. Under the supervision of the MPA faculty, students are expected to write a paper that identifies and addresses a critical gap in knowledge about a particular issue in public policy or management, which is relevant and significant.

The papers can be client-based or non-client-based, and they can be a policy analysis paper, a reform paper, or a case study. Students are expected to consider various analytical approaches learned in the MPA programme to address the problems chosen. Findings from Capstone Papers will be orally presented. This course provides reviews and analyses of current macroeconomic issues and methodologies from the perspective of government policymakers, especially those in East Asia.

In the first part, we discuss types of data used to measure macroeconomic performance. The second part covers basic macroeconomic models that economists use to explain the macro-economy in the short run and long run. Finally, we focus on applications of macroeconomic theories in the third part, and explore issues in stabilization policies, international trade and international finance. An integrated theoretical framework introduces international dimensions from the start.

The course provides an introduction to public choice theory and explores government failures that may arise when a rational government intervenes the economy at both micro and macro levels. The main focus of the course is institutional public choice, but political economy models of macroeconomics are also covered. Topics include constitutional political economy, alternative voting procedures, collective action and interest groups, bureaucracy and economic approaches to organizations, rent-seeking, the size and growth of the public sector, political business cycle, and institutions and economic growth.

The course serves two main purposes. One is to provide students with a broad overview of the practice of policy analysis. The other is to help students synthesize what they have learned in the MPA programme, and write a Capstone Paper. The first half of the course covers generic instruments of public policy, basics of benefit-cost analysis, policy implementation, and the role of policy analysts.

During the second part of the course, students are provided with an integrative experience through their own efforts in developing an actual program in public policy or management. With faculty supervision and guidance, students go through all aspect of completing a Capstone Paper, including topic selection, problem definition, literature review, analysis, and writing. This course analysis the political constraints and opportunities involved in formulating and implementing public policies.

It examines political realm of the administrative process, especially focusing on the executive body and the changing administrative, policy, political and organizational environments associated with it. It also explores the ways in which institutions help or hinder the development of effective policies.

Public sector reform and demand for human resources for health (HRH)

The purpose of this course is to provide an overview of methods employed in pursuing research projects in policy analysis. Both the conceptual and empirical dimensions of the subject are explored. On the empirical side, considerable attention is accorded to qualitative methods which feature prominently in administrative research. Basic statistics such as descriptive statistics, probability, sampling, estimation, inference and hypothesis testing, variable analysis and correlation, regression theory, reliability and validity, and prediction and simulation are included.

This course examines interpersonal communication and management practices in which negotiation strategies help you manage difficult situations and resolve intra-organizational conflict. By developing effective negotiation skills, you can increase your problem-solving and conflict-resolution abilities. The concepts, theories and skills taught in this course are fundamental to contemporary management practice in all sectors. The established systems of public administration in China have been subject to widespread reform.

This has involved the adoption of various strategies resulting in numerous mixes of public and private activity in which partnerships, contracts and other means of forging relationships are of considerable significance. Such strategies have far-reaching consequences for the governance of modern society. They are examined in this course from an international and comparative perspective. This course also examines the context of public administration in contemporary China; party and state institutions; public personnel management; and the formulation and implementation of public policy.

This course is designed to explore and understand the new changes taking place in the form and organization of government. The focus will be on the changes being forced on twenty first century governments because of globalization, the information revolution.

Effective Public Management

The course will begin with a critique of traditional bureaucracy and the ways in which it is perceived to be inadequate to the challenges of the globalization and information age. It will then look at three emerging methods of governance — entrepreneurial government, networked government, and government by market. This course deals with special issues in public administrations which are topical, timely and relevant to MPA participants. It may be organized as a series of seminars centring on a number of well-chosen topics.

This course examines basic theory and policy of international trade and international finance. It covers the effect of international trade, import tariff and export tax and their effects on the economy, exchange rate, balance of payments, and international monetary system, the relationship between internal and external economy, international economic integration and foreign investment. This course focuses analyses of economic and public policies in Singapore and China. A comparative analysis of development experiences in Singapore and China is included in this course. Current developments are stressed.

The process of internationalization, globalization and eventual integration of world economy, driven by developed economies, has speeded up. The negative economic impacts of globalization have prompted increasing demonstration from environmentalists and developing economies. What are the impacts of economic globalization on the developed and developing economies? This course consists of 4 parts: 1 land system and policy, urban structure and housing policy; 2 infrastructure investment and management; 3 transportation policy and management; 4 the issues of trade, labor, comparative advantage and so on in regional development.

The course evaluates the theories of world development and underdevelopment by per capita income and by different rates of GDP growth. It also covers the theories of recession and depression and measures for their cures.


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The course enables the students to achieve understanding of global economic problems and their recommended solutions. It helps them to assume a good leadership role in global economic fora as well as regional and national economic debates. This course conducts analyses on the political economic principles underlying policy debates and development centering on sustainability in China in the last twenty years. It is divided into two parts.

This course will provide a solid theoretical and technical foundation for Chinese decision makers in the increasingly important areas of sustainability and development. This course provides lectures designed to acquaint the student with the basic concepts of biostatistics and their applications and interpretation. Topics include descriptive statistics, graphics, diagnostic tests, probability distributions, inference, tests of significance, association, linear and logistic regression, and life tables.

Furthermore, this course will examine different patterns of reactions of global talents to various government initiatives. This course will also critically assess the impact of talent strategies not just on domestic and global talents, but also on the public policies within which talent mobility is to be situated. It concludes with some policy recommendations for managing talent at the time of globalization. Topics covered include: guiding ideologies in public administration, the Singapore style; relations between the ruling party and the government; relations between the government and the multi-racial citizens; relations between the government and the civil service; symbiotic relations between the government and trade unions and crisis management.

This course examines the concept, measurement, and comparability of happiness and its role in public policy. How happiness may be increased will be discussed both at the individual and social levels. Facts and fallacies on happiness will be critically examined. Questions such as whether money can buy happiness will be discussed. Related issues like environmental quality, relative competition and the appropriate level of public spending will be analysed.

Implications for individuals and public policy will also be drawn. The course will first cover the broader issues concerning the financial sector, from monetary policy to ensure price and financial stability to financial sector development. It then delves with the financial markets, financial intermediaries and financial instruments.

Nanyang Centre for Public Administration

Finally, the course touches on the issues concerning public sector officials from financial supervision and regulation to prevent financial failure or crisis, managing financial innovation, to protecting financial consumers. This course is first to introduce global environment politics and governance actors, institutions, mechanisms, and power dynamics to students, and examine the topic s b a typology of three catagories: global common pool resources, transboundary environmental disputes and cooperation, and local accumulative environmental change.

Secondary, the course, as part of the internatonal relations IR curriculum, introduces advanced IR theories and elaborates the theoretical challenges and contributions of the environmetal field focusing on power in international politics, causes for international cooperation and normative develoment in global governance. Students shall have a background in IR theory and commit to collective learning through discussion and interactive reasoning.

Cost-benefit analysis is a formal way to estimate and weight the cost and benefits of policy alternatives. It is a standard and useful tool for government in both developed and developing economies to balance competing social goals, such as environmental protection and economic growth. Cost-benefit analysis holds a great deal of promise for aiding government decision-making. Behavioural Economics studies how psychological limitatons influence economic decision makings.

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Those who design and implement public policy can make use of behavioral economics to achieve the stated objectives of public policy effectively. The course build understanding of the changing threat landscape and how governments and partners should manage existing and emerging security threats. With rapid globalisation, the spectrum of threats have widened from conventional military threats to non-traditional security threats.

The security threats range from missile and fissile proliferation, organized and common crime, piracy and robbery at sea, infectious diseases and pandemics, cyber crime and information infrastructure attack and terrorism and extremism. To manage threats, national security agencies, law enforcement, and military forces increasingly work with partners in community, private sector and academia. While the functional focus of the course is global, the regional focus is East Asia, with an emphasis on how Singapore manages security challenges.

This course deals with special issues in public administration, which are topical, timely and relevant to MPA participants. This course will provide the theoretical framework for the analysis of the entire process of policy implementation and assessment. The course covers the discussion on how problems emerge, the evaluation of methods for solving a problem in terms of cost and effectiveness, the implementation of methods selected, and the assessment of schemes implemented.

This course will discuss the important status of Non-profit Organizations in the governance process. This subject will examine the development and management of Non-profit Organizations such as Marketing, Funding, Planning, and so on. Particularly, this subject will investigate the development of Non-profit Organization in China. This course focuses on theories of organizational structure, dynamics, policy and issues within the public organization including organizational behaviours; organizational structures; decision making processes; and organizational management with particular emphasis on public organizations.

Emphasis is placed on the application of theory to various organizational settings including public and non-profit organizations, and the local, and central levels of bureaucracies. This course is designed to provide comprehensive overview of the public administration systems in major countries such as the U. K, Japan, France, and so forth as well as their implications to China.

It examines the civil service, administrative structure, public management technique, political foundations, and so forth of the different administrative systems. This course is to analyze the governance reform issue.


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It looks at the most recent reform development in the practice of public governance. This course focuses on the dynamic interactions between the Chinese and global economy. Although Singapore appears to be in harmony today, it is a society with major fault lines. This course examines how Singapore has been handling these fault lines to achieve harmony and how Singapore would continue to manage these issues to achieve harmony.

In this era, all sectors adopt marketing skills to develop, communicate and deliver key value to target customers. In this course, practitioners from public sector will be able to learn a framework of public-sector-specific marketing skills. This course examines the theories and practices of leadership in environmental management sector. Communication is key in this industry - and you'll be someone who excels in this area. Check out how to write good emails.

To succeed and thrive in your job, especially this one, you'll ideally have an interest in the sector. Politics and policy shapes a nation and everyone has an opinion. You'll be someone who wants to be on top of the debate every day. There's a host of personalities in this sector and it's highly competitive.

You'll need to have confidence and drive to see things through. You'll be a natural organiser who can juggle multiple projects and knows when to focus on what's important.

Of course, you'll hone such skills over time, but you'll be ready to take on the challenge. Because people and communication are at the heart of this sector, you'll have to have exceptional people skills and enjoy bringing people together on projects no matter how difficult.

While not in a commercial sector as such, you'll need to understand what incentivises clients and people in this sector and what impact government policy and politics has on the wider commercial world. This will be tested at application stage, but you'll need to be someone with a calm, logical and solutions-focused approach to problems. You'll know how to see projects through from start to finish and how to react to or pre-empt problems as they come up.

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Quality in the Public Sector: Essential Skills for the Public Sector Summary

Excellent organisation and negotiating skills In any role in the public sector, you'll be required to juggle different projects with varying degrees of priority, along with multiple stakeholders and personalities. Creativity and flexible thinking The ability to adapt to change and think creatively around problems is a must. Leadership In both the Civil Service and in public affairs, you'll be someone who is keen to learn how to become a great leader - influencing and inspiring those to act around you. Decision-making ability You'll need to make tough decisions under pressure.