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Relationship between Organizational Culture, Leadership Behavior and Job Satisfaction
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Creating Effective Organizations Chapter 6 - Motivation
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Organizational Behavior Chapter 6 1. Judge 2. After studying this chapter, you should be able to: 1.
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- Recent Class Questions!
Describe the three key elements of motivation. Identify early theories of motivation and evaluate their applicability today.
Importance of Job Design
Contrast goal-setting theory and management by objectives. Demonstrate how organizational justice is a refinement of equity theory. Do you think this is important? Why not? Examples include quality of supervision, company policies and administration. Contemporary Theories. McClelland's Theory of Needs. Question: What can we do with this information? Answer: Match people to jobs! Those high on "achievement" tend to prefer jobs with personal responsibility, feedback and moderate risks. In general, individuals high on the need for "Power" and low on the need for "Affiliation" tend to perform better in managerial roles.
Management by Objectives "MBO". It is a program that encompasses:. MBO operationalizes the concept of objectives by devising a process by which objectives cascade down through the organization. The result is a hierarchy of objectives that links objectives at one level to those at the next level.
HBO Handout Chapter 6 (Job design, Work, and Motivation)
For the individual employee, MBO provides specific personal performance objectives. Self-efficacy refers to an individual's belief that he or she is capable of performing a task. The higher your self-efficacy, the more confidence you have in your ability to succeed in a task. However, equity should also consider procedural justice or the perceived fairness of the process used to determine the distribution of rewards.
Interactional justice is also important. How do ability, motivation, and opportunity influence YOUR perceptions of workplace behavior? Integrating Contemporary Theories of Motivation. Then, consider the link between individual effort — individual performance — organizational rewards and personal goals. Each link can be influenced by a variety of factors i. Motivation Theories are Culture Bound.
Many theories do not always work around the world e. However, many do e.
Summary and Implications for Managers. Early Theories of Motivation Hierarchy of Needs a. Theory X The assumption that employees dislike work, are lazy, dislike responsibility, and must be coerced to perform. Lower order needs dominate Theory Y The assumption that employees like work, are creative, seek responsibility, and can exercise self-direction.