For both of them. Betty from Betelgeuse. The richest, most famous, most seductive, and also widely considered the most beautiful woman in all the galaxy. At least until Susan stepped onto the stage. It both helped and really didn't help that Betty and Richard used to be a thing. Bob Tumwuggle. Like, this really messed up weird guy. One of only two people to leave the Earth, along with Susan. Bob seems like a joke but is incredibly dangerous. Gladosrielle 7, a golden android who's the long lost love of Overmind Believed dead or destroyed. Most definitely not.
Heinrich von Hexenhammer.
Like if George Clooney was the top genius in three scientific fields with PhD's in everything that mattered. No serious interest in women. Until he meets a certain lady in red from Betelgeuse. Richard wore black. All black, head to toe, from his unnecessarily medieval and black silk eye mask to his quite modern yet obligatory, shiny polished black leather starship captain's boots.
Henry Every - Wikipedia
In a way. S: Yes, you did, Richard. And for that I am grateful. I loved you for that. I loved you for that and for so many other reasons, I think. I mean, well, I don't know the reasons, not all of them anyway. But I know I loved you for that, at the very least. Everything else since has just been icing on the cake. R: Okay. That explains the thing you can do with your mouth. Well you're free to eat a certain part of me, Earth wench, any time you want. Still have nightmares, sometimes, about landsharks. Wilder passed today. Huge influence on me as a person, as a writer, as a fan of comedy, as a student of the craft of comedy, and acting performance.
There are have been many influences on me and inspirations behind the making of DSPR. Gene has been one of the biggest ones. Along with Mel Brooks. And Douglas Adams. And The Princess Bride and everyone involved in it.
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Gene's portrayal of Dr. Frederick Frankenstein, aka Young Frankenstein , in the movie of the same name, was, for me in particular the definitive iconic performance of the comedic Mad Scientist. Another story for another day. I set out tonight with the goal of writing a short new piece focused on Heinrich, as a homage to the passing of Gene. Instead I wrote this. And this is the raw draft, first pass, rough and unfinished. Though Heinrich is a bit closer to Frederick Frankenstein "Frahn-ken-steen!
The Nine Years' War had been raging for eight years, and the island, which the Royal Navy had not visited in several years, was perilously underpopulated. With only sixty or seventy men living in the town, half of whom served guard duty at any one time, there was no practical way to keep Fort Nassau's twenty-eight cannons fully manned. On the other hand, turning away Captain Bridgeman might spell disaster if his intentions turned violent, as his crew of plus ninety slaves would easily defeat the island's inhabitants.
Trott called a meeting of Nassau's governing council, likely arguing that interloping was a fairly common crime and not a sufficient reason for turning away the men, whose presence now aided Nassau's security. The council agreed to allow the Fancy to enter the harbor, apparently having never been told of the private bribe. The Fancy was then handed over to the governor, who found that extra bribes—fifty tons of ivory tusks, one hundred barrels of gunpowder, several chests of firearms and ammunition, and an assortment of ship anchors—had been left in the hold for him.
The wealth of foreign-minted coins could not have escaped Trott. He must have known that the ship's crew were not merely unlicensed slavers, likely noting the patched-up battle damage on the Fancy. When word eventually reached that the Royal Navy and East India Company were hunting for the Fancy and that "Captain Bridgeman" was Every himself, Trott denied ever knowing anything about the pirates' history other than what they told him, adamant that the island's population "saw no reason to disbelieve them. Nevertheless, the crew soon found themselves disappointed with the Bahamas; the islands were sparsely populated, meaning that there was virtually no place to spend the money they had pirated.
For the next several months the pirates spent most of their time living in relative boredom. By now Trott had stripped the Fancy of everything valuable, and it was lost after being violently driven against some rocks, perhaps deliberately on the orders of Trott who was eager to rid himself of a key piece of evidence. When the proclamation for the apprehension of Every and his crew reached Trott, he was forced to either put a warrant out for Every's arrest or, failing to do so, effectively disclose his association with the pirate.
Preferring the former choice for the sake of his reputation, he alerted the authorities as to pirates' whereabouts, but was able to tip off Every and his crew before the authorities arrived. Every's person crew then fashioned their hasty escape, vanishing from the island with only twenty-four men ever captured, five of whom were executed. Every himself was never seen again. It has been suggested that because Every was unable to buy a pardon from Trott or from the governor of Jamaica , Every's crew split up, some remaining in the West Indies, the majority heading to North America, and the rest, including Every, returned to Britain.
Of these, some sailed aboard the sloop Isaac , while Every and about twenty other men sailed in the sloop Sea Flower captained by Joseph Faro to Ireland towards the end of June They aroused suspicions while unloading their treasure, and two of the men were subsequently caught. Every, however, was able to escape once again. British author and pirate biographer Charles Johnson suggested that, after attempting to sell his diamonds, Every died in poverty in Devon after being cheated out of his wealth by Bristol merchants.
It is, however, unclear how Johnson could have discovered this. If Every was known to be living in poverty, it is most likely that he would have been apprehended and the large bounty on his head collected. Others have suggested that after Every changed his name, he settled in Devon and lived out the rest of his life peacefully, dying on 10 June ;  however, the source for this information is The History and Lives of All the Most Notorious Pirates and their Crews London: Edw. Midwinter, , considered an unreliable and slightly expanded reprint of Johnson's General History.
As the manhunt for Every continued in the decade following his disappearance, sightings were frequently reported, but none proved reliable. After the publication of a fictional memoir in , which claimed Every was a king ruling a pirate utopia in Madagascar, popular accounts increasingly took on a more legendary, romantic flavor see In contemporary literature.
Although such stories were widely believed to be true by the public, they had no basis in reality. No reliable information about Every's whereabouts or activities emerged after June About seventy-five of Every's crew sailed to North America in hopes of escaping the transcontinental manhunt. This was enough to buy the governor's allegiance, who was aware of their identity and reportedly even allowed one to marry his daughter. He [Markham] called me rascal and dared me to issue my warrants against these men, saying that he had a good mind to commit me.
I told him that were he not Governor I would not endure such language, and that it was hard to be so treated for doing my duty. He then ordered the constables not to serve any more of my warrants; moreover being greatly incensed he wrote a warrant with his own hand to the Sheriff to disarm me. Maryland , Massachusetts , New York, Virginia , and other colonies published the proclamation for Every's capture, but rarely went beyond this. Although harboring pirates became more dangerous for the colonial governors over time, only seven of Every's crew were tried between —, and all of these were acquitted.
In order to avoid the possibility of execution, on 3 August Dann agreed to testify against other captured members of Every's crew,  joining Phillip Middleton who had given himself up to authorities a few weeks prior. Soon after, twenty-four of Every's men had been rounded up, some having been reported to authorities by jewelers and goldsmiths after trying to sell their treasure. In the next several months fifteen of the pirates were brought to trial and six were convicted.
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As piracy was a capital crime, and the death penalty could only be handed down if there were eyewitnesses, the testimony of Dann and Middleton was crucial. He testified that after refusing to participate in the mutiny—the only officer to do so—he was ordered to return below deck. May, described by Every as one of the "true cocks of the game, and old sportsmen,"  was zealously supportive of the mutiny, and Creagh testified of their bone-chilling exchange:. I met with W. May , the Prisoner at the Bar. What do you say here? I made him no Answer, but went down to my Cabin; and he said, God damn you, you deserve to be shot through the Head; and he then held a Pistol to my Head.
Then I went to my Cabin, and presently came orders from Every , that those that would go ashore, should prepare to be gone. Despite considerable pressure on the jury to find the defendants guilty, with Judge Advocate of the Admiralty Sir Dr Thomas Newton reminding the jury that the consequences of an acquittal would be "the total loss of the Indian trade, and thereby the impoverishment of this kingdom,"  the jury passed a verdict of not guilty.
The shocked court rushed through another indictment, and twelve days later the pirates were tried on a different set of charges, this time on account of conspiring to steal the Charles II with piratical intent. Although legally dubious today, the 17th century court assumed the defendants had the legal burden of proving themselves innocent of mutiny, having been found aboard "a ship Judge Hedges condemned the "dishonorable" former jury and instructed their successors to act with "a true English spirit" by passing a conviction, repeatedly reminding them to "support The pirates were given their last chance to show why they should be spared execution, with most simply claiming ignorance and pleading for mercy.
May argued that, being "a very sickly man," he had "never acted in all the voyage,"  while Bishop reminded the court that he was "forced away," and, being only eighteen years of age during the mutiny, desired mercy. The remainder of the death sentences were upheld. Sparkes was the only pirate to publicly express some regret, but not for piracy, which was of "lesser concern"—instead, he was repentant for the "horrid barbarities he had committed, though only on the bodies of the heathen," implying that he had participated in the violation of the women aboard the Mughal ships. His "Last Dying Words and Confession" declared that his eyes were "now open to his crimes," and he "justly suffered death for such inhumanity.
On 25 November , the five prisoners were taken to the gallows at Execution Dock. Here they solemnly gave their dying speeches before a gathered crowd, which included Newgate Prison ordinary Paul Lorrain. John Dann escaped the hangman by turning King's witness. However, he remained in England, having received on 9 August an "Order for one Dann, lately Every's mate but pardoned, to attend the Board to-morrow. Dann died in The value of the Gunsway ' s cargo is not known with certainty.
It has been suggested that the East India Company argued for the lowest estimate when paying reparations for Every's raid, with the Company's president naturally wanting the most conservative estimate in order to pay as little for the damages as possible.
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Although Every's capture of the Gunsway has been cited as piracy's greatest exploit,  it is possible that other pirates have perpetrated even more profitable raids. If the latter number is correct, it would far eclipse Every's haul. Every's exploits immediately captivated the public's imagination, and some considered him a sort of gallant maritime Robin Hood who exemplified the working class idea that rebellion and piracy were acceptable ways to fight back against unfair captains and societies.
Irish pirate Walter Kennedy , who was born the same year the Gunsway was plundered, had learned of Every's story at a young age and committed it to memory. When he retired from piracy, he returned to London to spend his riches, even opening a brothel in Deptford. While awaiting his execution, Kennedy's favorite pastime was recounting tales of Every's adventures. Another Irishman, Edward England , one-time quartermaster to Charles Vane , spent most of his career in the Indian Ocean raiding Mughal ships in much the same way Every had done two decades earlier.
After parting ways with Vane, England raided slaving ships off the coast of West Africa. In , he captured a ton Dutch East Indiaman of thirty-four guns off the Malabar Coast , and renamed his new flagship to Fancy. Unfortunately for England, he was subsequently marooned on Mauritius by his mutinous crew after refusing to grant them permission to torture their captives.
After fashioning a makeshift raft, he drifted to the very island believed to be ruled of the King of Pirates himself. No pirate utopia awaited him, however, and he died an alcoholic beggar. Ironically, this was the fictional but moralized fate Charles Johnson ascribed to Every in his General History. It has been suggested that, like Every before him, Edward England had a "brief, yet spectacular career,"  and he may have come "closest to living out the Avery legend.
A number of fictional and semi-biographical accounts of Every were published in the decades following his disappearance. In , the first such account appeared as a sixteen-page pamphlet entitled The Life and Adventures of Capt. Baker, It was written by an anonymous author using the pseudonym Adrian van Broeck, who claimed to be a Dutchman who endured captivity by Every's crew. In the account, Every is depicted as both a treacherous pirate and a romantic lover; after he raids the Mughal's ship, he runs off with—and later marries—the Emperor's daughter.
The King of Madagascar soon commands an army of 15, pirates and a fleet of forty warships, and is said to be living in fantastic luxury in an impregnable fortress beyond the reach of his English and Mughal adversaries. Furthermore, Every mints his own currency: gold coins engraved in his royal likeness. Although wild rumors of Every's fate had been circulating for years, Adrian van Broeck's fictionalized biography provided the popular legend of Every that was to be borrowed by subsequent publications.
European governments were soon receiving people who claimed to be Every's ambassadors from Saint Mary's, and as the legend grew even heads of state started to believe the astonishing stories. At one point, "English and Scottish officials at the highest level gave serious attention to the proposals of these 'pirate diplomats'," while Peter the Great "tried to hire the Saint Mary's pirates to help build a Russian colony on Madagascar.
Owing to his notoriety, Every was, along with Blackbeard, one of the few pirates whose life was dramatized on stage. It proved to be at once both controversial and successful, and was performed to regaled audiences at the Theatre Royal in Drury Lane , appearing in print in London the following year.
The play was not without its detractors, however. Dramatist and critic John Dennis wrote a letter to the Master of the Revels criticizing him for licensing the play, which he blasted as "a prostitution of the stage, an encouragement to villainy, and a disgrace to the theater. Both tales acknowledged the widely believed stories of Every's pirate republic.
It was Charles Johnson 's influential General History that established the competing account of Every. Johnston, ,  although this is likely a retelling of earlier publications. In addition to the play and books written about Henry Every, a successful ballad was also printed in England during his career. At least nine different reprints of the ballad, of varying similarity to the original published by Lewis, were printed between and Despite this, it is unlikely Every wrote the verses. A more likely scenario is that one of the approximately fifteen or twenty loyal sailors who refused to join the mutiny had shared their knowledge of Every upon returning to England, where it was quickly turned into a ballad.
A slightly modified copy was delivered to the Privy Council of England by Sir James Houblon on 10 August , where it was used as evidence during the inquiry on the mutiny. By announcing Every's supposed intentions of turning pirate even before the mutiny was carried out, the ballad may have served to strengthen the Council's convictions that the mutinous crew harbored piratical intentions from the onset.
It is possible, therefore, that the ballad may have actually been written and distributed as a way to convict Every. During Every's career, the government used the media to portray him as a notorious criminal in an effort to sway public opinion on piracy, but the result has been described as a "near-total failure. There are no reliable contemporary accounts of Every's flag. According to the ballad "A Copy of Verses," Henry Every's pirate flag was red with four gold chevrons.
At some point long after Every's disappearance, another flag was ascribed to him: a white skull in profile wearing a kerchief and an earring, above a saltire of two white crossed bones, on a black field. The original source in which this flag first appears is not known, but it does not appear in publications until the s or early s. If the flag is genuine, it contradicts the generally accepted belief that French pirate Emanuel Wynn was the first to use the skull and crossbones motif, in Furthermore, earrings and bandanas were generally not associated with pirates until the artwork of Howard Pyle in the s, so it is almost certain that this flag is a 20th-century invention.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the New Zealand rugby union player, see Henry Avery rugby union. For other people, see Henry Every disambiguation. Newton Ferrers , England. Uncertain proposed Devon , England. Declaration of Henry Every to English ship commanders . Wherefore as I Commonly Speake wth all Ships I Desire who ever Comes to ye perusal of this to take this Signall that if you or aney whome you may informe are desirous to know wt wee are att a Distance then make your Antient [i.
Two common depictions of Henry Every's Jolly Roger . Piracy portal Biography portal History portal. John Avery , but the memoir is a work of fiction. Daniel Defoe later borrowed this name for his book The King of Pirates , and the usage of "John Avery" continued afterward, most notably by the Dictionary of National Biography.
Some have speculated that it referred to Every's height, the pirate having once been described as "a tall, strongly built man. However, according to governmental records as well as depositions given by captured members of Every's crew, the ship's name was Charles II. Baldridge is known to have kept detailed records of the ships that visited his settlement between and , and the Fancy is not listed as one of those ships.
Retrieved 27 January Continued from our last ". The Cornishman Fortescue editor Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 2 January The black version appears in Botting p. A Copy of Verses. London: Theophilus Lewis — via Wikisource. The Visitation of the County of Somerset in the Year Harleian Society. Retrieved 22 August Doctor Who Classic Episode Guide. Radio Times. Archived from the original on 18 April Retrieved 17 April Retrieved 10 May Doctor Who.
Series 6. Episode 3. BBC One. Doctor Who website. Retrieved 13 May Doctor Who News Page. Baer, Joel H. Eighteenth-Century Life. Johns Hopkins University Press. Folk Music Journal. English Folk Dance and Song Society. Pirates of the British Isles. London: Tempus Publishing. Biographia Dramatica; or, A Companion to the Playhouse.
Botting, Douglas The Pirates. Breverton, Terry Gretna, LA: Pelican Publishing. Bruce, Peter Henry Memoirs of Peter Henry Bruce, Esq. London: T. Payne, and Son, Mewsgate. Retrieved 1 July Burgess, Douglas R. Journal of British Studies. The University of Chicago Press. Davis, Ralph London: Macmillan Publishers.
The Pirates of the New England Coast — Mineola, NY: Dover Publications. Earle, Peter The Pirate Wars. New York, NY: St. Martin's Griffin.
Ellms, Charles The Pirates Own Book. Emlyn, Sollom , ed. London: J. Walthoe Sen.