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The Georgicks of Virgil, with an English Translation and Notes Virgil, John Martyn Ipsi in defossis specubus secura sub alta Otia agunt terra, congestaque robora, Pierius says it is confecto in the Roman manuscript. And Tacitus also says the Germans used to make caves to defend them from the severity of winter, .

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  1. Bloc-notes: derrière les ragots, les crises oubliées - Liberté d'expression?
  2. Apocalipsis (Cuando cae la noche nº 3) (Spanish Edition).
  3. « J’ai été témoin d’un viol et je n’ai pas bougé »!

Six ans : Ce que tu es maladroite! Six semaines : Qu'est-ce que tu veux boire? Six ans : Combien la robe? Six ans : Eh, Bordel de merde S'apercevoir que le vieux jerrican pour l'huile de vidange est plein. Mettre la voiture sur chandelles. Placer une vieille casserole sous le moteur. Abandonner les recherches. Laisser tomber le bouchon de vidange dans la casserole pleine d'huile chaude.

Ranger le bordel. Un pote se pointe. Le lendemain retirer la casserole pleine d'huile de sous la voiture. Ha non merde on a tout bu hier. Aller chez Leclerc avec la voiture de Madame. Vider le premier litre d'huile neuve dans le moteur. Se nouer un chiffon sale autour des doigts. Verser les 4 litres d'huile neuve restants dans le moteur. Redescendre la voiture des chandelles. Ecraser accidentellement une des chandelles. Petit tour pour essayer la voiture. Tu n'aurais pas une combine? Tu vas simplement entrer dans le restaurant et t'avancer vers elle.

Elle est superbe! Il n'en revient pas tellement elle est belle. Le scoop du jour. Suisse A partir du C'est un "couple" en train de.. Une Portugaise arrive au poste de police : - Bonchour, je fiens me plaindre que che meu chuis fait fioler dans le buche Le policier : - Comment? Il se frotte les yeux et recommande un whisky. A peine l'a-t-il bu qu'il voit un, deux, cinq, dix puis onze nains en maillot rouge descendre a leur tour l'escalier, passer devant lui, et sortir dans la rue. Pour les chasseurs, quelle est la ressemblance entre un chien et un renard? Y'a plus de papier de toilette ici!

Comment prendre sa douche comme une femme? Regardez-vous dans la glace, et sortez votre ventre pour que vous puissiez vous plaindre et pleurnicher parce que vous prenez du ventre. Allez sous la douche. Frottez-vous le visage avec un masque fait d'? Rasez-vous les aisselles et les jambes. Coupez l'eau de la douche Passez un coup de spray anti-moisissures sur les joints du bac de douche Sortez de la douche. Microsoft ne peut apparemment pas expliquer ceci! Chacun parle de sa femme.. Je pense que ma femme me trompe avec un plombier..

Je pense que ma femme me trompe avec un cheval!!! Pouffiasse grognasse blondasse : l'origine des mots en asse? Mais on ne le dira pas parce que ce ne serait gentil pour personne. Grognasse Du verbe "grogner". Blondasse L'argot est injuste. En effet on ne dit jamais "brunasse".

Ainsi on imagine assez mal ce mot dans la bouche de mettons au hasard Claudia Schiffer. Ah l'exquise chose. Et le chauffeur s'ennuie beaucoup. Famille de malades! Tu m'ouvre? Puis il repart. Notre histoire se passe lors d'un cours.. Vous devez vite vous cacher dans un sac, et si jamais un milicien inspecte rapidement votre sac, vous faire passer pour autre chose. La le professeur mime le milicien, et met un petit coup de pied dans le sac.

A ce moment on entend un miaulement strident! A toi le nain. Cette fois le sac s'agite, et on entend plein de couinements! Des rats!!.. Bon, a toi l'orc. Le professeur s'approche, et donne son shoot.

Et la, on entend une toute petite voix qui sort du sac.. Le jeune roi Arthur fut fait prisonnier par le monarque d'un royaume voisin. Et ce fut le cas. Quand il entra dans la chambre quelle surprise! Quelle forme voulait-il qu'elle prenne? Pour le jour et pour la nuit? Quelle question cruelle! Que feriez-vous? Partez pas en disant "c'est nul"!

Y'a une morale! Impressionnant, non? Vous saurez!! Je n'aurais pas de soucis. Alors elle la remonte et tout, cette fois ci en utilisant le manuel Et rebelote! A peine a t'elle fini qu'un bus passe et renverse l'armoire! Le mari n'en croit pas ses yeux, embrasse sa femme et ouvre l'armoire tout grande. Vous me croyez si je vous dis que j'attends le bus? C'est un mec qui est sur le Titanic, durant le naufrage. A cause de ce handicap, les hommes avaient peur d'elle.

Que pouvait-il faire pour l'aider? Il consulta alors ses scientifiques et ses magiciens. Chaque homme doit apporter un objet qui ne fondra pas entre les doigts de la princesse? Elle le prit dans sa main. Et rien ne fondit! Jolie Histoire non? Et vous ne vous posez pas la question, quelle question? Il y avait un? Il fond dans la bouche, pas dans la main. Tu sais, l'avocat. C'est une bonne raison pour venir travailler. Encourage les cagnotes et la participation. Augmente les chances de voir ton patron nu. Ils installent leur tente et se couchent.

Astrologiquement, cela me dit que Saturne est en Verseau. Pour l'heure, je dirais qu'il est 4 heures du matin. Il reprend : - Quoi, qu'est-ce que j'ai dit de mal? Il est faux de penser que les femmes ne savent pas garder un secret. Un peu d'anglais pour le plaisir! To: IT Dept. Hi Guys, I came in today Monday to finish up a project I was working on before our big meeting with a potential client tomorrow, and I noticed that there were three or four large air conditioners running the entire time I was here.

With all the power that all those big computers in that room use, I doubt it is really eco-friendly to run those big units at the same time. I'm sure you guys can deal with it being warm for an hour or two when you come in tomorrow morning. In the future, let's try to be a little more conscientious of our energy usage. Status of Employee who sent the above e-mail: Terminated. On ne dira pas : T'as un p'tit zizi Mais : Et c'est quoi ton truc pour faire rire les filles? On ne dira pas : T'as de plus en plus de rides.. Ce qui ne fait pas les affaires de notre gars. Un beau jour, alors qu'il scrutait l'horizon machinalement, il voit quelque chose flotter.

Je vous dois tout. Dites-moi ce que je peux faire pour vous? Le matin le bourreau vint les chercher dans leur cellule et les amena dans la cour. Que faire? Dans 1 min 13s il va nous rattraper Elle et toutes les autres s? Et alors? Oh, ma s? Quelle horreur Une soeur avec la jupe en haut court plus vite qu'un gars avec les pantalons aux chevilles!

Je vais donc vous laisser une chance. Le surlendemain ils retournent devant le juge qui leur demande : - Alors, combien de jeunes avez-vous convaincus? Tu n'iras pas en prison! Comment as-tu fait? Trois hommes rentrent dans l'appartement, puis quatre personnes en sortent. Au bout de 24 heures, on va voir ce qu'il sont devenus.

Admettons que Ils voient un mouton noir sur le bord de la route. On dit qu'ils ont le pied marin. En bref, rien n'indique a priori qu'il soit un terroriste potentiel. Saviez-vous qu'en - le 1er Mai est un samedi.. Qui se fiche de savoir pourquoi? La fin en soi de traverser la route justifie tout motif quel qu'il soit. BILL GATES : Nous venons justement de mettre au point le nouveau "Poulet Office ", qui ne se contentera pas seulement de traverser les routes, mais couvera aussi des oeufs, classera vos dossiers importants, etc.

Les routes, quand il veut il les traverse. Moi et ma femme Bernadette Chirac n'avons pu traverser cette route ce qui est fort probable que ce poulet soit plus intelligent que moi. Extraits de rapports authentiques On rigole, mais on ne se moque pas. Une femme est seule dans un compartiment lorsqu'un monsieur vient s'asseoir en face d'elle. Alors la dame: - Tiens, c'est marrant, vous n'avez pas du tout le type. Il n'a qu'une oreille. Merde alors.. Il en sait rien du tout si ce suspect porte ou non des lentilles de contact.. Je n'en reviens pas. C'est VRAI!! Il porte bien des lentilles de contact!!

Comment as-tu fait?????? Ils ont un enfant. Chez E. Motifs : 1. Il suggera de retourner le message.. Elle : vas-y sauvagement! Lui : Oui, Oui, Elle : Continue! Lui : Oui, Oui! Elle : Ne sois pas timide Lui : Oui! Elle : Montre que tu es un homme! Lui : Oui! Elle : Dis-moi des choses sales! Lui : la cuisine, la salle de bain, le salon, la bagnole La vie informatique Les abeilles les fleurs les choux la p'tite graine.. Nous sommes alors partis prendre un verre et manger ensemble. Il engage une lutte violente avec le crocodile.

Vous voulez ma Rolex alors? Une blonde et une brune marchent dans la rue. Voyant l'air abasourdi du promeneur, il demande : " Vous n'auriez pas du papier toilette, je n'ai plus de poussins"!!! De temps en temps il entendait cette petite voix au fond de lui qui essayait de le rassurer : - Ne t'en fais pas BEN, tu n'es pas le premier toubib qui couche avec un de ses patients et tu ne seras pas le dernier! Il y a une autre blague de ce genre.. C'est un nain il a huit enfants Ben elle est courte mais elle est bonne!!!

Extrait de clients a la con. Client : Ah C'est vraiment cher! Un vendeur se trouve avec un papy : Client : Bonjour, monsieur, je voudrais Client cherchant ses mots : Je voudrais Client l'air perdu : Eh bien, qu'est ce que vous avez? Vendeur : Tout type de machine, des ordinateurs, des scanners, des imprimantes Client : C'est quoi, un scanner? Le vendeur explique Client : Euh, non, pas encore Vendeur : Alors il faut d'abord en acheter un!

Client : Ah bon, bon Ils se dirigent vers les rayons. Le vendeur explique et termine : Vendeur Client : Ah d'accord C'est pour faire deux ou trois truc, comme les autres Un vendeur se trouve avec un coouple de petits vieux : Client : Est-ce que auriez des disquettes? Vendeur : Des disquettes vierges?

Oui, par ici Client : Non, on cherches des disquettes remplies Vendeur : Quel est ce message d'erreur? Client : "This program has been successfully installed". Chez le client : Client : Vous auriez pu voir que le lecteur de disquette ne fonctionne pas, j'ai plus confiance en cet ordinateur, changez le moi. Technicien : Quel est le message d'erreur? Client : Non, vous auriez pu le dire avant! Technicien Vendeur :!!!??? Cliente : [ Technicien : Ah! Cliente : Non, j'ai juste Word !! Technicien : Ah mais madame, vous avez forcement windows! Technicien : Oui madame, bon, le Ctrl Alt Suppr ne marche donc pas!

Vous allez appuyer sur le bouton Reset madame. Cliente : Mais j'ai pas Reset non plus, je n'ai plus rien du tout je vous dis! Technicien : Mais madame Soupir Technicien : Madame! Le bouton Reset se trouve sur votre tour! Cliente : Ah! Technicien : Mais non madame!! Vous appuyez sur le bouton Reset!!

Cliente : Mais je ne le trouve pas. Cliente Client : Mon modem ne fonctionne pas. Technicien : :????????? Client : En effet, mais il n'y a aucun driver pour l'OS X Client : Alors, vous constatez comme moi qu'il n'y en a que pour l'OS X lettre de l'alphabet. Client : Ah! Par terre.

Il s'endort en se disant que sa femme n'a rien entendu. Le flic lui dit: - T'as une amende, mais je te donne une chance. Qu'est ce qui a un volant et quatre roues? Qu'est ce qui a un guidon et deux roues? Bon, t'as 50 euros d'amende. Le gamin dit au flic: - Et moi, je peux te poser une devinette? Dix quoi? Il lui tend les bras et il dit: - Je suis vraiment content de te voir Theresa. Copyright Carambar : Pourquoi un Suisse Allemand ne fait jamais la vaiselle??? Reponse : Parce qu'il essuie salement.. L'Italien : Tue l'amant tue sa femme prend sa Ferrari rouge et va manger une pizza.

Le Chinois : Accepte la situation. Le Suisse : Il pardonne sa femme Une blonde est en vacances en Louisiane. Et elle quitte le magasin. Seulement au Canada Que les gens commandent un double cheeseburger, des gros frites et un Coke Diet. Que les banques laissent les portes ouvertes et enchainent le stylo au comptoir. Que nous utilisons des afficheurs pour filtrer les appels et utilisons l'appel en attente pour ne pas rater l'appel que nous ne voulions pas avoir.

Nous avons des distributeurs automatiques "service au volant" avec des inscriptions en Braille. Le mariage, c'est le triomphe de l'imagination sur l'intelligence. Commander une pizza en : Standardiste : Speed-Pizza, bonjour. Client : Bonjour, je souhaite passer une commande. Standardiste : Puis-je avoir votre NIN, monsieur??

Jacques Lavoie. Client timidement : oui?!! Client soupir : Ah bon?! Qu'est-ce que vous me proposez alors?? Client : Qu'est-ce qui vous fait croire que je vais aimer cette pizza? Recettes gourmandes au soja? Mlle Denoix a fait, avant hier, une recherche sur le Net, en utilisant le moteur www. Client : Bon d'accord. Donnez-m'en deux, format familial.

C'est ce qu'indique le credicard-satellis-tracer Client : J'irai chercher du liquide au distributeur avant que le livreur n'arrive. Client : Ce n'est pas vos oignons. Contentez-vous de m'envoyer les pizzas. J'aurai le liquide. Client : Comment diable pouvez-vous savoir que j'ai un scooter?? Standardiste : Je vous conseille de rester poli Monsieur. Client : Sans voix Standardiste : Autre chose Monsieur??

Client : Non, rien. Un soir une maman qui a beaucoup de travail pour laver la vaisselle repasser les chemises Qu'est-ce qu'une luciole qui a pris du viagra? Un tripotanus. Mon mari vient d'entrer dans le restaurant La course commence C'est pas bon de se perdre en montagne Mais voila dans un coin elle trouve un joli petit perroquet, avec une petite pancarte "frs" alors elle va voir le responsable lui demande pourquoi ce perroquet est si peu cher par apport aux autres Au fait t'aimes bien la bonne bouffe? Ah oui don la lune! L'anglais ne le croyait pas il demanda une preuve. Monsieur et Madame Mauresmo ont un fils, comment s'appelle-t-il?

Comment s'appelle le chien de Bono le chanteur des U2? Un gars est assis au bar et noie sa peine dans la boisson. Le gars se tourne vers elle et lui demande: - Qu'est-ce qui ne va pas? C'est aussi ce que m'a dit me femme. Ils reboivent encore, et le gars demande: - Et qu'est-ce que votre mari ne supportait plus chez vous? Et lui n'aime pas du tout, alors il est parti! J'en ai pour cinq minutes. J'ai fini. Ils sont en bas et tiennent une grande couverture blanche, bien tendue et crient: - Sautez!

Sautez sur la couverture! Les jeunes se remettent en position et crient encore : - Sautez! Nous allons vous attraper! La rousse crie: "Pas question! Vous allez enlever la couverture et je vais me casser la figure sur le sol. Ne t'en fais pas. On les aime bien. Les jeunes rigolent et se replacent en position, la couverture bien tendue et crient? Saute sur la couverture! J'ai vu ce que vous avez fait pour la rousse et la brune.

Si vous voulez que je saute, placez la couverture par terre et reculez-vous d'une dizaine de pieds pour que je sois bien certaine que personne n'y touche. Tu peux me passer maman? Et oncle Joe? Puis papa dit: "La piscine? Je suis bien au Celui-ci l'interroge: "Qu'avez-vous fait pendant votre vie?

Voici les clefs de l'enfer! Et depuis quand tu la portes? Le mari rentre un peu plus tard. Lorsqu'il se couche, sa femme lui demande: "Alors! Travaille comme si tu n'avais pas besoin d'argent. Aime comme si personne ne t'avait jamais fait souffrir. Danse comme si personne ne te regardait. Si tu ne l'envoies pas, il ne se passe rien. Si tu l'envoies, quelqu'un peut sourire en le lisant. Vous ne trouvez pas? Allez un peu d'imagination.. Pas assez long! Le chat est en forme? Tu aurais pu me dire qu'il se promenait sur le bord du balcon. Et maman, elle va bien?

C'est donc entre les deux demi-tours qu'a lieu sa sniffette. Ce feuilleton n'est qu'une entreprise de propagande. Si les restaurants fonctionnaient comme Microsoft Serveur: - Bonjour monsieur! Client: - Il y a une mouche dans ma soupe! Client: - Non. Serveur: - Moui Essayez donc de la manger avec une fourchette, par exemple. Client: - Hmmm Client: - Ben Vous rappelez-vous de TOUT ce que vous avez fait avant de remarquer qu'il y avait une mouche dans votre soupe? Client: - Vous avez plus d'une soupe du jour par jour?

Serveur: - Bien entendu, monsieur. Le soupe du jour change toutes les heures. Client: - Bien. Et quelle est la soupe du jour en ce moment? Serveur: - La soupe du jour est actuellement Client: - Parfait! La soupe du jour, et l'addition de monsieur. Client: - C'est de la soupe aux pommes de terre. Serveur: - Hem, en effet.

Client: - Beuh. Cela ne fait rien. Serveur: - AARH! L'addition: Soupe du jour. Petites blagues.. Pourquoi Jean Marie Le Pen s'arrache-t-il les poils blancs du cul? Pour laisser les noirs dans la merde.. Quand j'ai peur, je suis noir. Quand je vais au soleil, je suis noir. Quand je suis malade, je suis noir. Dans un bar un gars arrive joyeux: - Moi j'ai un QI de !! Un autre gars arrive: - Moi j'ai un QI de !! Ta montre est Suisse. Ta chemise est Hawaiienne.

Tes vacances sont Turques, Tunisiennes ou Marocaines. Tes chiffres sont Arabes. Ton Christ est Juif. Pourquoi n'y a-t-il pas de MMs blancs? C'est le dernier jour de classe, dans quelques heures, c'est les vacances. Le premier de la classe, avec ses super note est certain, de gagner. Comme convenu, elle s'en va. R: Mon nom est Susan. R: Oui. R: Aucun. Q: Il y avait des filles? R: Orale. Q: Et Mr. R: Non. Le comble est qu'en dehors de sa chambre il y a encore cartons qui l'attendent. Dans l'autobus, un type assis en face d'une jeune femme la regarde avec insistance.

Et la pub disait: "Dix fois par jour, sept jours par semaine, dans les 2 sens. L'important pour eux, c'est que les Anglais n'en aient pas une goutte!!! Il est le meilleur client de la distillerie irlandaise. L'Europe est en marche.. Nous sommes en septembre Essayez de faire le test ci-dessous sans tricher. Faux il y en a six C'est pas des blagues! Revenez plus haut et comptez encore! Le cerveau ne peut traiter 'OF'. Incroyable non? Trois est normal. Moins de trois on change ses lunettes.

Made in Japan! Elle rentre chez elle! Comment faire pour qu'une blonde se suicide? Tu installes un miroir dans le fond de la piscine? On ne peut mettre que 3 doigts dans la boule de bowling. Quel est la difference entre une blonde et un ordinateur? Que dit une blonde quand elle voit une pelure de banane par terre? Comment appelle-t-on un fonctionnaire qui travaille 2 heures par jour : Un hyperactif. Et 2 hommes sur une branche d'arbre? Et 3 hommes sur une branche d'arbre?

Le professeur prend alors un sachet rempli de gravillons et le verse dans le bocal. Le professeur se saisit alors d'un petit sac de sable et en verse le contenu dans le bocal. Si vous commencez par mettre le sable dans le bocal, il ne restera plus assez d'espace pour le gravier ou les pierres. Soignez les grandes pierres en tout premier lieu, ce sont les choses qui comptent vraiment.

Le fermier, en grogne, se dit: - Bon, je me suis encore fait avoir! Ce coq ne vaut rien! Le coq saute tout ce qui bouge dans la ferme: vache, cochon, poulet Mon Dieu, Ta gueule! Tu vas les effrayer! J'ai jamais eu aussi chaud de ma vie Une femme nue, se regarde debout devant la glace. J'ai besoin d'un compliment! L'eveque s'est deplace specialement au seminaire pour leur faire passer un dernier test : Le fameux test du celibat. L'eveque conduit les trois candidats dans une piece, et leur demande de se deshabiller.

Lorsque tout le monde est pret, une superbe fille entre dans la piece et vient se placer devant le premier candidat. Elle entame un strip-tease torride.. Emportez vos vetements et courrez prendre une douche froide. Vous en profiterez pour prier et mediter sur votre faiblesse charnelle. Pendant ce temps, la jeune fille qui s'etait placee devant le second candidat avait continue son strip-tease.

Arrivee a la petite culotte, on entend.. Une douche froide et des prieres pour toi aussi. Et le second candidat quitte la piece. A ce moment, la jeune fille est deja toute nue, en train de danser et de prendre des attitudes toujours plus suggestives devant le troisieme candidat.. Mais rien.

Collins French to English Essential (One Way) Dictionary (Collins Essential)

Mais aucune reaction.. L'eveque est tres satisfait et il dit - Michael, mon fils, je suis vraiment fier de toi. Tu deviendras pretre tres rapidement. Maintenant tu peux aller rejoindre tes deux compagnons sous la douche.. Un jour, un des deux copains meurt dans un accident. Et pour cinq dollars? Pour quel genre de femme me prenez-vous?

Maintenant, nous ne faisons que marchander Je ne sais pas ce que c'est ". Les murs s'ouvrirent et la dame roula jusque dans la petite salle. L'unique chance de survie est une greffe de cerveau. Alors un long moment de silence s'installe. Le temps ici n'est pas trop mauvais. Lucie lui a dit que oui. Si tu vois Marguerite, passe-lui le bonjour. Si tu ne la vois pas, ne lui dis rien.

Eh bien les Belges, une fois, sont aussi forts qu'eux, et je me fais un plaisir de vous communiquer leur langage informatique. La Joie courut au milieu du jardin. La Folie continuait de compter tandis que ses amis se cachaient. Personne ne l'avait vu. Mais elle ne trouvait pas l'Amour. La Folie ne savait pas quoi faire. L'Amour accepta ses excuses. Aujourd'hui, l'Amour est aveugle et la Folie l'accompagne toujours. La Bible le dit. Un point c'est tout", affirma-t-elle. A votre avis, quel serait le meilleur prix? Un ami affirme que ceci est applicable aux mexicains, mais pas aux canadiens.

J'ai besoin de lunettes pour lire. L'histoire se passe dans une tribu en Afrique. Il lui dit: "Mon fils, je suis le meilleur baiseur de tous les temps. Apres tu essaieras. A vous. A VOUS. Canadiens : Ici c'est un phare. Nous effectuons une collecte.. Mais il en reste toujours sur le papier. Tu es surpris mais fier que cela vienne de toi.. Certaines coulent d'autres flottent.. Qu'est ce que c'est ce qui suit blague de geek inside? Une femme attend trois enfants. Le lendemain le dernier enfant vient et lui dis: - Maman maman je Chat ou chien?

Donnez-lui un peu de temps pour qu'il ferme sa gueule et avale. Prenez le chat dans le creux de votre bras qui saignera le moins. Forcez l'ouverture de la gueule du chat et poussez la pilule au fond de la gorge avec votre doigt. Ignorez les grognements du chat. Frottez la gorge du chat vigoureusement. Prenez une autre pilule. Dans la cuisine videz une armoire. Sortez une bouteille de scotch et prenez-en un coup. Buvez un autre coup. Jetez votre chandail et prenez-en un nouveau de votre garde-robe. Trouvez des gants pour gros travaux dans le garage. Placez la pilule dans sa gueule suivie d'un gros morceau de viande.

Soyez ferme. Laissez tomber par terre. Une seule copie suffira.. Si une personne n'a pas de licence pour un de ses bagages, l'avion explose et la police arrive pour faire un constat. Vous la mangez et vous mourrez de faim. UNIX : Quand le serveur arrive avec une immense pizza de kilos environs, vous faites une attaque et vous en mourrez. Linux : La meilleure pizza, tout simplement. Les plus chanceuses se font acheter et laver le cerveau. Tout se passe dans les coulisses.

Oublier de payer sa cotisation est puni de prison. Seules exceptions, les nouvelles victimes, le temps qu'elles oublient qu'il y a un monde dehors. L'argent prime tout. Un benchmark peut se truquer. En tout cas, elle est ailleurs que dans les discours. Un contrat ne lie que celui qui y croit et la corruption n'est qu'un moyen. Or, la fin justifie les moyens. Le Parti Windows est quelque part entre le fascisme communisme version et la scientologie. Linux : Ses partisans sont apparemment incapables d'autocritique. Chaque membre en ayant sa version, tout le monde est content.

C'est le culte du chef. Il est un moyen de discriminer les utilisateurs : Linux est le choix du fort, le faible n'est pas capable de l'utiliser. Linux est darwiniste. Un parti linuxien serait anarchiste, tendance totalitaire si on laissait faire certains de ses membres. Contentez-vous de croire.. L'argent est maudit et payer satanique. Il faut payer de sa personne. Pour eux, le simple utilisateur doit tenter de comprendre toutes les arcanes de la Foi GNU. Chacun a droit au Salut. Titanic 95 : C'est le plus grand, le plus lourd, le plus beau.

Par manque de canots de sauvetage, pas mal de processus seront perdus. Par contre il est permis aux passagers de donner des ordres au capitaine. Lancez la cuisson par : msmwave -dinn Si vous trouvez que c'est trop cuit, ou pas assez, c'est que vous ne savez pas ce qui est bon. Chaque plat cuit est transmis au constructeur par Internet. Vous devez juste les mettre dans le four.

Elle ne ment jamais. They were also on the wrong side of history when it came to the establishment of the nation-state of the Jewish people, following the Holocaust. I am a strong believer in freedom of speech and the New York Times has a right to continue its biased reporting and editorializing. But despite my support for freedom of speech, I am attending a protest in front of the New York Times this afternoon to express my freedom of speech against how the New York Times has chosen to exercise its.

There is no inconsistency in defending the right to express bigotry and at the same time protesting that bigotry. When I defended the rights of Communists and Nazis to express their venomous philosophies, I also insisted on expressing my contempt for their philosophies. I did the same when I defended the rights of Palestinian students to fly the Palestinian flag in commemoration of the death of Yasser Arafat. I went out of my way to defend the right of students to express their support of this mass-murderer. But I also went out of my way to condemn Arafat and those who supported him and praise his memory.

I do not believe in free speech for me, but not for thee. But I do believe in condemning those who hide behind the First Amendment to express anti-Semitic, anti-Muslim, homophobic, sexist or racist views. Nor is the publication of this anti-Semitic cartoon a one-off. For years now, the New York Times op-ed pages have been one-sidedly anti-Israel. How absurd. How preposterous. How predictable. In recent years, it has become more and more difficult to distinguish between the reporting of the New York Times and their editorializing.

The publishers of the New York Times owe its readers a responsibility to probe deeply into this bias and to assume responsibility for making the Times earn its title as the newspaper of record. Having said this, I do not support a boycott of the New York Times. Let readers decide for themselves whether they want to read its biased reporting.

I, for one, will continue to read the New York Times with a critical eye, because it is important to know what disinformation readers are getting and how to challenge that disinformation in the marketplace of ideas. So I am off to stand in protest of the New York Times , while defending its right to be wrong. That is what the First Amendment is all about. Finally, there is some good news. Anyone who reads the New York Times will immediately see the lie in this bigoted claim: Yes, the New York Times has long been controlled by a Jewish family.

But this Jewish family is far from being supportive of Jewish values, the nation-state of the Jewish people or Jewish sensibilities. If anything, it has used its Jewishness as an excuse to say about Jews and do to Jews what no mainstream newspaper, not owned by Jews, would ever do. A dog with a Jewish star around its neck and the face of a Jewish leader, leading a blind, yarmulke-wearing U. President would be standard fare for the notorious Nazi newspaper Der Sturmer, and for its modern descendants. Unfortunately the New York Times must now be counted among those descendants. President Donald Trump:.

After a wave of criticism — perhaps among the earliest was a tweet from the left-wing site Jewish Worker — the Times removed the image and tweeted this statement :. A political cartoon in the international print edition of The New York Times on Thursday, included anti-Semitic tropes, depicting the Prime Minister of Israel as a guide dog with a Star of David collar leading the President of the United States, shown wearing a skullcap.

The image was offensive, and it was an error of judgement to publish it. Some have termed this an apology — it is not, it is cold-blooded and at best descriptive. Neither the word apology nor any synonym for apology is employed, and there is nothing about accountability or further steps the Times will take to make sure nothing like this ever happens again. This did not happen in a vacuum, but there is nothing about the responsible editor or editors being fired, or even disciplined. There is nothing about no longer accepting or distributing cartoons from the cartoonist Antonio, who has previously used religious symbols in an offensive way.

For example, in the cartoon below the Jewish Star of David is represented as controlling the United States, and a crescent moon often associated with Islam is linked with dynamite. Both the Jewish Star and the crescent moon are seemingly bloody:. But publisher Arthur A. We are deeply sorry for the publication of a political cartoon last Thursday that ran in the print edition of the New York Times that circulates outside of the United States, and we are committed to making sure nothing like this happens again.

We have investigated how this happened and learned that, because of a faulty process, a single editor acting without adequate oversight downloaded the syndicated cartoon and made the decision to include it on the Opinion page. The matter remains under review, and we are evaluating our internal processes and training. We anticipate significant changes. But, of course, the real question is what Sulzberger and Baquet actually do to fix the corrupted culture that allowed this to happen, and will that fix also be reflected in its news pages, especially when covering Israel?

But as I noted in a Sunday Review essay in February, anti-Zionism is all but indistinguishable from anti-Semitism in practice and often in intent, however much progressives try to deny this. Update 2 : Just days after apologizing for an anti-Semitic cartoon that ran in its International Edition, the Times published another offensive cartoon in its international paper, this one depicting Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu as a sunglasses-wearing Moses carrying a tablet and taking a selfie, which a Times spokesperson tepidly defended as not as bad as the first cartoon:.

This cartoon is by the Norwegian cartoonist Roar Hagen, who has his own history of offensive anti-Jewish cartoons. According to an exclusive story by Lloyd Grove in the Daily Beast , after criticism for running the second cartoon, the Times then announced it will suspend publishing syndicated cartoons in its International Edition and will cut its ties to the source of the cartoon, Cartoon Arts, which the Times had long syndicated via its Times Licensing Group. Grove quoted Times spokesperson Eileen Murphy as saying:. The cartoon that ran in the international print edition of The Times last Thursday was clearly anti-Semitic and indefensible and we apologize for its publication.

Of course, suspending the publication of cartoons does not really address the real problem, which is that many in the Times hierarchy are themselves reflexively critical of Israel, and so find toxic anti-Israel cartoons — and their own toxic anti-Israel news coverage — as perfectly normal and justified. What needs to change at the Times is not whether or not there are cartoons, it is the toxic anti-Israel culture.

Finally, scholar and Jerusalem Post op-ed editor and columnist Seth Frantzman has an excellent rundown of the scandal, including a link to his own column. It was chosen; it was put on a page by someone. It was checked and re-checked. Frantzman Jerusalem Post April 28, I spent all day Saturday trying to track down a hard copy. I had to see for myself.

So I drove to a hour supermarket. There on the newsstand was the April 25 edition. I flipped gingerly through, fearing to see Page And then I found it. Worse, the dog was wearing a Star of David as a collar. And not only that, those who watched as it went to print thought it was fine to put a Jewish skullcap on the US president.

Dual loyalty? No need to even wrestle with that question. But the cartoon depicts him as a Jew. Well, which is it? Is he fostering antisemitism, or is he now a closet Jew being led by Israel, depicted as a Jewish dog? The Nazis also depicted us as animals. They also put Stars of David on us. Antisemites have compared us to dogs, pigs and monkeys before. It used to be that it was on the far-Right that Jews were depicted as controlling the world, like an octopus or a spider.

The cartoon is clear as day. It presents the Jews, as symbolized by that Star of David collar, secretly controlling the US president. Trump is being led by Israel, by the Jewish state. No other country or minority group is subjected to such unrelenting and systematic hatred by mainstream US newspapers. They would err on the side of not being offensive. We know the tropes. When it comes to Jews and Israel, there is no depth to which they will not sink. I know. When I used to run cartoons in my section, no fewer than four people would see it before it went to print. And they all thought it was fine?

What that tells me is that there is a culture of antisemitism somewhere in the newsroom. Problem one is putting a yarmulke on the US president in a negative way. What is being said there? That he is secretly a Jew. Then making him blind, and having him led by Israel. That implies Israel controls US policy or controls America. That is problem two. Then they put a dog leash with a Star of David, which is antisemitic in multiple ways. Problems three and four. The New York Times acknowledged this in a kind of pathetic way.

An error of judgment would imply that it was just a kind of mistake. This is a dog. This is antisemitic on numerous levels. This should be a defining moment. How can we demand that there be zero tolerance for antisemitism and antisemitic tropes when this happens? People must speak up against the cartoon fiasco and demand a real accounting.

And a real conversation. We need to hear contrition and explanations. The public should be included, and The New York Times should listen to how harmful and offensive this was. The past several days have left many Jews in the United States feeling shell-shocked.

Attacks against them seem to be coming from all quarters. Under a torrent of criticism, after first refusing to apologize for the cartoon, which it removed from its online edition, the Times issued an acknowledment on Sunday, but has taken no action against the editors responsible. In his online manifesto , Earnest presented himself as a Nazi in the mold of Robert Bowers, the white supremacist who massacred 11 Jews at the Tree of Life Synagogue last October.

The New York Times — as an institution that propagates anti-Jewish messages, narratives, and demonizations — is deeply tied to the rise in white supremacist violence against Jews. This is the case for several reasons. The New York Times also hates Trump. In , just as the Russia collusion narrative was taking hold, Politico spun an antisemitic conspiracy theory that placed Chabad at the center of the nefarious scheme in which Russian President Vladimir Putin connived with Trump to steal the election from Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton.

He did this, Politico alleged, through his close ties to Chabad rabbis in the United States who have longstanding ties to Trump. In other words, the antisemitic Chabad conspiracy theory laid out by Politico, which slanderously placed Chabad at the center of a nefarious plot to steal the U. The Times is well known for its hostility towards Israel. But that hostility is never limited to Israel itself.

It also encompasses Jewish Americans who support Israel. The article, by Nathan Thrush. The representatives selected by Clinton and the D. In other words, the anti-Israel representatives were all civil rights activists and members of legitimate victim groups. The pro-Israel representatives were all there because of their money. The Times used the recent death of an Israeli spymaster to regurgitate a long discredited accusation that Israel stole enriched uranium from the United States.

As is its wont, the Times libeled Israel in bold and then published a correction in fine print. Last week the Times erroneously claimed that Jesus was a Palestinian. The falsehood was picked up by antisemitic Rep. Ilhan Omar D-MN. The Times waited a week to issue a correction. As to Ilhan Omar, the Times falsely claimed that the only congressional Democrats who condemned her anti-Semitic tweets were Jews — when in fact the Democratic Congressional leadership, which is not comprised of Jews, condemned her anti-Jewish posts.

That is, the Judaism the Times portrayed was denuded of all intrinsic meaning. Bat mitzvahs were presented as a flashy way that materialistic, vapid Jews promote their equally vapid, materialistic daughters. All this, then, brings us to the synagogue shooting on Saturday and the larger phenomenon of growing antisemitism in America, which while relegated to the margins of the political right is now becoming a dominant force in the Democratic Party specifically and the political left more generally. But of course, it is not a calumny. The Time s has the power to set the terms of the discourse on every subject it touches.

Politico felt it was reasonable to allege a Jewish world conspiracy run by Chabad that linked Putin with Trump because, as Haberman suggested, the Times had invented the preposterous, bigoted theory three weeks earlier. New York University felt comfortable giving a prestigious award to the Hamas-linked antisemitic group Students for Justice in Palestine last week because the Times promotes its harassment campaign against Jewish students. It has co-opted of the discourse on antisemitism in a manner that sanitizes the paper and its followers from allegations of being part of the problem.

It has led the charge in reducing the acceptable discourse on antisemitism to a discussion of right wing antisemitism. Led by reporter Jonathan Weisman , with able assists from Weiss and Stephens , the Times has pushed the view that the most dangerous antisemites in America are Trump supporters. Lee preserved and those who peacefully opposed them were decent people. The Times has used this falsehood as a means to project the view that hatred of Jews begins with Trump — arguably the most pro-Jewish president in U.

By attributing an imaginary hostility against Jews to Trump, Republicans, and Trump supporters, the Times has effectively given carte blanche to itself, the Democrats, and its fellow Trump-hating antisemites to promote Jew-hatred. But their decisions to do so was made in an environment of hatred for Jews that the Times promotes every day. Not only was this a slander.

It was also pure projection. I saw the darkness of antisemitism, but I never thought it would get this dark. R acism is not a specific illness but a general sickness. Display one symptom and you display them all. Show me a leftwing or Islamist antisemite and, once again, he will carry a suitcase full of prejudices, which have nothing to do with Jews, but somehow have everything to do with Jews.

The party and much of the wider liberal-left have a chronic condition. As I have written about the darkness on the left before, I am not going to crow now that it has turned darker than even I predicted. There is not much to crow about, after all. I have nothing but respect for the Labour MPs who are trying to stop their party becoming a playpen for fanatics and cranks. It just appears to me that they face interlocking difficulties that are close to insoluble. They must first pay the political price of confronting supporters from immigrant communities, which Labour MPs from all wings of the party have failed to do for decades.

It may be high. A politician who wants to win there cannot afford to be reasonable, I discovered. He or she cannot deplore the Israeli occupation of the West Bank and say that the Israelis and Palestinians should have their own states. George Galloway, who, never forget, was a demagogue from the race-card playing left rather than the far right, made the private prejudices of conservative Muslim voters respectable.

Where Galloway led, others followed. David Ward, a now mercifully forgotten Liberal Democrat MP, tried and failed to save his seat by proclaiming his Jew obsession. Nothing, not even the murder of Jews, could restrain him. He appeared to find the massacre itself easier to stomach. Shah is not alone, which is why I talk of a general sickness. Liberal Muslims make many profoundly uncomfortable. Writers in the left-wing press treat them as Uncle Toms, as Shah did, because they are willing to work with the government to stop young men and women joining Islamic State.

While they are criticised, politically correct criticism rarely extends to clerics who celebrate religious assassins. If they were, they would suspect that their opponents wanted to deny the existence of sexual violence. Yet it is standard in polite society to hear that accusations of antisemitism are always made in bad faith to delegitimise justifiable criticism of Israel.

I accept that there are Jews who say that all criticism of Israel is antisemitic. For her part, a feminist must accept that there are women who make false accusations of rape. But that does not mean that antisemitism does not exist, any more than it means that rape never happens. Challenging prejudices on the left wing is going to be all the more difficult because, incredibly, the British left in the second decade of the 21st century is led by men steeped in the worst traditions of the 20th. When historians had to explain last week that if Montgomery had not defeated Rommel at El Alamein in Egypt then the German armies would have killed every Jew they could find in Palestine, they were dealing with the conspiracy theory that Hitler was a Zionist, developed by a half-educated American Trotskyist called Lenni Brenner in the s.

It is astonishing that you have to, but you must learn the worst of leftwing history now. For Labour is not just led by dirty men but by dirty old men, with roots in the contaminated soil of Marxist totalitarianism. If it is to change, its leaders will either have to change their minds or be thrown out of office.

Put like this, the tasks facing Labour moderates seem impossible. They have to be attempted, however, for moral as much as electoral reasons. Allow me to state the moral argument as baldly as I can. Not just in Paris, but in Marseille , Copenhagen and Brussels , fascistic reactionaries are murdering Jews — once again.

Go to any British synagogue or Jewish school and you will see police officers and volunteers guarding them. I do not want to tempt fate, but if British Jews were murdered, the leader of the Labour party would not be welcome at their memorial. The mourners would point to the exit and ask him to leave.

If it is incredible that we have reached this pass, it is also intolerable. However hard the effort to overthrow it, the status quo cannot stand. The Times published an appalling political cartoon in the opinion pages of its international print edition late last week. He was leading President Trump, drawn as a blind man wearing a skullcap. The cartoon was chosen from a syndication service by a production editor who did not recognize its anti-Semitism. Yet however it came to be published, the appearance of such an obviously bigoted cartoon in a mainstream publication is evidence of a profound danger — not only of anti-Semitism but of numbness to its creep, to the insidious way this ancient, enduring prejudice is once again working itself into public view and common conversation.

Anti-Semitic imagery is particularly dangerous now. The number of assaults against American Jews more than doubled from to , rising to 39, according to a report released Tuesday by the Anti-Defamation League. On Saturday, a gunman opened fire during Passover services at a synagogue in San Diego County, killing one person and injuring three, allegedly after he posted in an online manifesto that he wanted to murder Jews. For decades, most American Jews felt safe to practice their religion, but now they pass through metal detectors to enter synagogues and schools.

Jews face even greater hostility and danger in Europe, where the cartoon was created. Across Europe, right-wing parties with long histories of anti-Semitic rhetoric are gaining political strength. We have been and remain stalwart supporters of Israel, and believe that good-faith criticism should work to strengthen it over the long term by helping it stay true to its democratic values.

But anti-Zionism can clearly serve as a cover for anti-Semitism — and some criticism of Israel, as the cartoon demonstrated, is couched openly in anti-Semitic terms. The responsibility for acts of hatred rests on the shoulders of the proponents and perpetrators. But history teaches that the rise of extremism requires the acquiescence of broader society.

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As anti-Semitism has surged from the internet into the streets, President Trump has done too little to rouse the national conscience against it. Though he condemned the cartoon in The Times, he has failed to speak out against anti-Semitic groups like the white nationalists who marched in Charlottesville, Va.

The gunman who attacked the synagogue in San Diego claimed responsibility for setting a fire at a nearby mosque, and wrote that he was inspired by the deadly attack on mosques in New Zealand last month. A particularly frightening, and also historically resonant, aspect of the rise of anti-Semitism in recent years is that it has come from both the right and left sides of the political spectrum.

Both right-wing and left-wing politicians have traded in incendiary tropes, like the ideas that Jews secretly control the financial system or politicians. The recent attacks on Jews in the United States have been carried out by men who identify as white supremacists, including the killing of 11 people in a Pittsburgh synagogue last year. But the A. Instead, the perpetrators are hate-filled individuals. In the s and the s, The Times was largely silent as anti-Semitism rose up and bathed the world in blood. That failure still haunts this newspaper. Society in recent years has shown healthy signs of increased sensitivity to other forms of bigotry, yet somehow anti-Semitism can often still be dismissed as a disease gnawing only at the fringes of society.

That is a dangerous mistake. As recent events have shown, it is a very mainstream problem. As the world once again contends with this age-old enemy, it is not enough to refrain from empowering it. It is necessary to stand in opposition. Darren Loucaides Vox. Berger, who is Jewish, has received a torrent of anti-Semitic abuse online over the past few years. The UK Labour Party, which dates back to , was long seen as the party of the working classes. Throughout most of its history, Labour has stood for social justice, equality, and anti-racism. Concerns over anti-Semitism only really began to turn into a crisis, however, the year after Corbyn became leader.

In April , a well-known right-wing blog revealed that Labour MP Naz Shah had posted anti-Semitic messages to Facebook a couple of years before being elected. The party suspended Shah and Livingstone and launched an inquiry into anti-Semitism. But Corbyn was criticized for not acting quickly or decisively enough to deal with the problem. By now a narrative was building that anti-Semitism was rife within the party — and that the election of Corbyn as leader was the cause. The three other candidates were considered centrist or center-left. Two had served in government during the New Labour era, when Tony Blair swung the party to the center ground.

Shocking the establishment and against all odds, Corbyn went on to decisively win the leadership contest. When, the following year, MPs on the right of the party revolted and forced a leadership contest, Corbyn yet again won convincingly. Ever since Tony Blair helmed the party from to , Labour had been dominated by more centrist than left-leaning MPs.

Under Blair, Labour embraced neoliberal economics alongside more traditionally liberal social policies, such as a minimum wage. Corbyn steered the party to the left on many issues, including proposals to nationalize the railways and possibly the energy companies, end the era of slashing state spending, and tax the rich. The many newcomers were attracted by the chance to support a truly left-wing Labour Party. Part of the reason anti-Semitism claims have grown under Corbyn is that his wing of the party — the socialist left — tends to be passionately pro-Palestine.

There is nothing inherently anti-Semitic about defending Palestinians, but such a position can lead to tensions between left-wing anti-Zionists and mainstream Jewish communities. At first glance, Corbyn hardly seems like someone who would be an enabler of anti-Semitism. Corbyn in the past advocated for negotiations with militant Irish republicans.

As he did with Irish republicans, Corbyn encouraged talks with the Islamist militant groups Hamas and Hezbollah. Last March, Corbyn was also criticized for a comment on Facebook , in which he had expressed solidarity with an artist who had used anti-Semitic tropes in a London mural that was going to be torn down. A few days later, Jewish groups gathered outside the UK Parliament to demonstrate against anti-Semitism. In August , the right-wing British newspaper the Daily Mail accused Corbyn of having laid a wreath at the graves of the Palestinian terrorists while in Tunisia in Corbyn acknowledges that he participated in a wreath-laying ceremony at a Tunisian cemetery in , but says he was commemorating the victims of a Israeli airstrike on the headquarters of the Palestinian Liberation Organization PLO , who were living in exile in Tunis at the time.

The airstrike killed almost 50 people , including civilians, and wounded dozens more. However, the Daily Mail published photos showing Corbyn holding a wreath not far from the graves of four Palestinians believed to be involved with the Munich massacre , in which members of the Black September terrorist organization killed 11 Israeli athletes and a German police officer at the Munich Olympics. Corbyn denies he was commemorating the latter individuals, but his muddled explanations in the wake of the controversy left some unsatisfied with his response.

Today, on social media, it is common to see Corbyn denounced for enabling anti-Semitism — author J. Rowling has even criticized him for it — while some brand him outright as an anti-Semite. When US Rep. Michael Segalov, a journalist who has written and spoken extensively on this issue, told me he thinks that part of the reason Corbyn and the Labour leadership were initially slow to react to anti-Semitism was that the claims were wrongly interpreted as part of a sustained, wider campaign of personal and political attacks against Corbyn.

But like Segalov, there are many in the Labour Party who strongly disagree with the idea that the accusations of anti-Semitism are merely a political smear campaign. There seems to have been a major shift in the perspectives of party leaders since the resignation of the nine Labour MPs. Watson said that just last week, he had received a dossier from parliamentary colleagues of 50 complaints on anti-Semitism that he felt had not been dealt with adequately, and had passed them on to Corbyn.

The recent split could prove a turning point for Labour in terms of addressing anti-Semitism as well as wider divisions within the party. Several other Labour MPs are rumored to be thinking of joining them. Unless Labour moves fast, the emerging centrist party could prove an existential threat.

Darren Loucaides is a British writer who covers politics, populism, and identity. The Democrats are becoming the party of the Jew-haters. Who knew you could buy America so cheaply? The 19th-century British prime minister Viscount Palmerston said that great powers have interests, not friends. She actually believes that promises mean something in politics.

Words and deeds are what matters, especially in public life. And they have become commonplace on the left of the Democratic party. Democrats now protest that the whites and the right have their racists too. This is playground logic, and it ignores the imbalance between the two kinds of anti-Jewish racism. Thirdly, the white racists are nothing if not candid about their beliefs and their intentions towards the Jewish people.

Omar said she was against BDS when running for the House and then revised her position as soon as she won her set. She may be ignorant, but she knows exactly what she is doing. She is furtive and duplicitous, and she is successfully importing the language and ideas of racism into a susceptible Democratic party. The buffoons who lead the Democrats are allowing Omar to mainstream anti-Jewish racism. The Democratic leadership tried to co-opt the energy of the post grassroots, to give its exhausted rainbow coalition an infusion of 21st-century identity politics.

The metaphysical, conspiratorial hatred of Jews is a symptom of civilization in decline. So the inability of the Democratic leadership to call Omar a racist reflects more than the moral and ideological decay of a political party. Americans like to believe in their exceptionalism, and American Jews like to say America is different. La NASA en particulier sous-traite la majeure partie des composants de ses missions. Absolument aucune! En effet. Je ne le crois pas. Qui vous recommande? Un mois plus tard, le 28 janvier , Challenger explosa. Ce livre est remarquable pour de nombreuses raisons.

Personne ne voulait faire exploser la navette. Personne, absolument personne. Ce fut sportif. Mon livre y occupait une bonne place. Pourriez-vous revenir sur ce moment? Zilsel — Ah! DiMaggio et Walter W. Powell et Paul DiMaggio eds.

Les bienfaits du thé vert

Diane Vaughan — Je peux sans doute en citer quelques-uns. Diane Vaughan — Il faut tenir compte de tous les canaux de diffusion. Avec Uncoupling par exemple. Diane Vaughan — Je suis une grande avocate de la sociologie vernaculaire! Ce fut un grand moment. Prenons un exemple simple. Tous les consommateurs en souffriront. Citations respectivement aux pages et N. Voir par ailleurs:. Share your experience in the comments.

I must have been no older than 6. I was in church in my hometown, Los Angeles. Parishioners fanned themselves to stay cool in the packed, stuffy room. On one side of each fan was an illustration of an Ozzie and Harriet-like American family — father, mother, son, daughter.

All were black, like the parishioners in the church. On the other side was an illustration of Jesus Christ — fair skinned, fair haired, blue eyed. Something seemed amiss to me about that depiction of Christ. Why was he white? Why was he not black, like my family, like me? As I grew older, I learned that the fair-skinned, blue-eyed depiction of Jesus has for centuries adorned stained glass windows and altars in churches throughout the United States and Europe.

Many black Americans I met over the years not only embraced that image, but also insisted upon it. Reed paint him white. Your response may be highlighted in this article. With the approach of Easter, and these memories at the front of my mind, I decided to dig a little into this topic. Yancy, who is black, told me. Yancy, a philosophy professor at Emory University, also said that the social cultural soup all Americans are immersed in equates white with good and pure and black with bad and evil. Consciously or subconsciously some black Americans might have bought into that.

In a few black American churches the image of a white Jesus never took root, and for at least years, those churches have been depicting Christ as black, as reported in a Washington Post article. Since the s, with the civil rights and black power movements and black liberation theology, the trend to show Christ as black has steadily grown. Yancy said. Now, even though cultures across the world may at times show a Jesus that reflects their own story, a white Jesus is still deeply embedded in the Western story of Christianity.

It has become often impossible to separate Jesus and white from the American psyche. I remain interested in the depiction of Christ among blacks, Hispanics, East Asians, South Asians and other communities of color, both American born and immigrant. I am also interested in how white Christians feel about images of Christ.

How do you feel about the possibility that Christ may not have looked the way he has been portrayed for centuries in the United States and Europe? In the comments section of this article, I encourage you to share how the age-old debate over the identity of Jesus is playing out in your life and religious community.

We may highlight a selection of responses in this article. While he lived in an area that later came to be known as Palestine, Jesus was a Jew who was born in Bethlehem. Non seulement la piraterie de haute mer qui nous rappelle les plus sombres heures des razzias barbaresques …. Mais le terrorisme djihadiste aux combattants sans uniforme visant exclusivement des civils?

Cependant, la simple application des lois existantes est loin de suffire. Nous devons changer de paradigme. Il faut trouver des solutions valables pour tous, conformes aux droits humains. Conte ne signera pas. On the 10th and 11th of December there will be an international congress in Marrakesh Morocco. The participating countries are set to sign this agreement and although this joint agreement is not binding it is still meant to be the legal framework on which the participating countries commit themselves to build new legislation.

Criticism of migration will become a criminal offence. In Angela Merkel pushed for an open-door migration policy across the EU. The Italian government will allow parliament to decide.


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  • Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte warned the migration document tackles issues citizens are divided on. Mr Lajcak was President of the United Nations General Assembly when the migration pact was adopted and had earlier threatened to quit if his country did not support it. The pact was conceived after the biggest influx of migrants into Europe since World War Two, many fleeing conflicts and poverty in the Middle East, Africa and beyond.

    Trump went home from Paris being roundly mocked for the wide perception that he had let rainfall keep him from honoring fallen soldiers , and he fumed at Macron on Twitter. By saying our interests first, who cares about the others, we erase what a nation holds dearest, what gives it life, what makes it great and what is essential: its moral values. His remarks were widely seen as a slap in the face to Trump. But they fell on deaf ears, even among his countrymen. While Macron may have sought to improve the lot of all French people by building a green economy that could attract morally sound investments from around the world, the tax increase immediately hurt the suburban and rural working class.

    In return, it provides only theoretical, roundabout path toward their long-term gain. Any working theory of international relations understands that nations and actors put their own interests first. Pompeo pointed to China and Russia disregarding treaties and asserting their national wills as evidence that undemocratic countries were reaping the benefits of the liberal world order, while Europe failed to act. On Twitter, Trump teased Macron as having only now come around to the realization that imposing costs on workers to pay for a grand vision of global change had proved untenable.

    Atlantico 20 Juillet Comme beaucoup de ceux qui approchent Emmanuel Macron, il tombe en admiration devant lui. Il faut passer la main, les frictions sont nombreuses. Je suis tellement heureux! Mais regardez ces gars, hein? Regardez ces gars! Ils sont fiers de leur pays, la France. Pour toute une partie de la gauche, chez les intellectuels notamment, tout ceci est devenu une doxa.

    Extraits :. Et en cette finale de la Coupe du monde en un pays qui, entre dopage et corruption , empoisonne les citoyens de ses partenaires …. The president sends a signal: Treat us the way we treat you, and keep your commitments. But if there is a consistency, it might be called reciprocity. Trump tries to force other countries to treat the U. The underlying principle of Trump commercial reciprocity is that the United States is no longer powerful or wealthy enough to alone underwrite the security of the West.

    It can no longer assume sole enforcement of the rules and protocols of the post-war global order. This year there have been none of the usual Iranian provocations — frequent during the Obama administration — of harassing American ships in the Persian Gulf. Apparently, the Iranians now realize that anything they do to an American ship will be replied to with overwhelming force. Ditto North Korea. Trump is said to be undermining NATO by questioning its usefulness some 69 years after its founding.

    Yet this is not , and Germany is no longer down. The United States is always in. And Russia is hardly out but is instead cutting energy deals with the Europeans. Yet the vast majority of the 29 alliance members are far closer than the U. Why does such a wealthy country spend only 1.

    And if Germany has entered into energy agreements with a supposedly dangerous Vladimir Putin, why does it still need to have its security subsidized by the American military? Canada never honored its NATO security commitment. It spends only 1 percent of its GDP on defense, rightly assuming that the U.

    The year-old treaty was supposed to stabilize, if not equalize, all trade, immigration, and commerce between the three supposed North American allies. It never quite happened that way. Unequal tariffs remained. Both Canada and Mexico have substantial trade surpluses with the U. Cartels run entire states. Murders are at a record high. Entire towns in southern Mexico have been denuded of their young males, who crossed the U. The U. The red ink is predicated on Chinese dumping, patent and copyright infringement, and outright cheating.

    Beijing illegally occupies neutral islands in the South China Sea, militarizes them, and bullies its neighbors. If China, Europe, and other U. But in , red-state America rebelled at the asymmetry. The other half of the country demonized the red-staters as protectionists, nativists, isolationists, populists, and nationalists.

    However, if China, Europe, and other U. Instead, what had become abnormal was branded the new normal of the post-war world. Again, a rich and powerful U. After 70 years, the effort had hollowed out the interior of America, creating two separate nations of coastal winners and heartland losers. Did Trump have to be so loud and often crude in his effort to bully America back to reciprocity? Mai Un mot du CDR et vous perdiez votre boulot. Puis la politique a repris la main. I f you ever worry about the quality of news on the Internet, consider a recent story at BuzzFeed from reporter Adrian Carrasquillo.

    I remember, years ago, where Castro was sending his worst over to this country. One of the repositories for Cuban criminals chosen by the Carter White House was Fort Chaffee, Arkansas, where there were subsequent riots and mass escapes. It also explains the continued enmity between the senior living Democratic ex-president, Carter, and Clinton—whose wife Hillary is currently running for president. A handful of lessons may be drawn from all this: The roots of political issues are deep and complicated; the settlement of refugees is a sensitive matter; and it seldom pays presidents to trust the Castro regime.

    From a journalistic standpoint, however, it raises an urgent question: Does BuzzFeed employ editors with knowledge of events before, say, ? Four years before Donald Trump roiled the presidential race by announcing that Mexico was sending criminals and rapists — their worst — to the U. Liberal media watchdog Media Matters provided the audio from their archives, after a request by BuzzFeed News. Trump was speaking about the Mariel boatlift in , when more than , Cubans came to the U.

    Castro did send prisoners and mentally ill people to the U. For years, support for the embargo on Cuba has been a major Republican plank; a recent Newsweek report also alleged that Trump violated the Cuban embargo when he disguised payments from his companies in Cuba in an attempt to make money on the island.

    The Republican nominee changed his opinion on immigration multiple times in the past few years, including during the campaign. But he has also struck a nativist and restrictionist tone on the dangers and nefarious intentions of foreigners coming to the country for years. Carlos Curbelo, who has also denounced Trump. Many have gone on to make great contributions to the U. Jose Parra, a Democratic strategist from Florida who served as a senior adviser to Sen.

    You understand that, Wayne. I love the Mexican people. Trump then went on to compare the immigrants coming into the country from Mexico to Cuban exiles who came to the U. Many of those exiles were later found to be inmates released from Cuban prisons and mental health facilities. And, you know, that was a long time ago but essentially Mexico is sending over — as an example, this horrible guy that killed a beautiful woman in San Francisco. So they send him over. How do you think he got over here five times? They push him out. My wife brought it up to me. She said, you know, she saw this little article about the young woman in San Francisco that was killed, and I did some research and I found out that she was killed by this animal … who illegally came into the country many times, by the way, and who has a long record of convictions.

    Should Cut Immigration. This week, as President Trump comes out in support of a bill that seeks to halve legal immigration to the United States, his administration is emphasizing the idea that Americans and their jobs need to be protected from all newcomers—undocumented and documented. To support that idea, his senior policy adviser Stephen Miller has turned to a moment in American history that is often referenced by those who support curbing immigration: the Mariel boatlift of But, in fact, much of the conventional wisdom about that episode is based on falsehoods rooted in Cold War rhetoric.

    During a press briefing on Wednesday, journalist Glenn Thrush asked Miller to provide statistics showing the correlation between the presence of low-skill immigrants and decreased wages for U. The Mariel boatlift is an outlier in the pages of U. Fidel Castro found himself in a precarious situation in April when thousands of Cubans stormed the Peruvian embassy seeking asylum.

    Castro opened up the port of Mariel and claimed he would let anyone who wanted to leave Cuba to do so. Across the Florida Straits, the United States especially prioritized receiving people who fled communist regimes as a Cold War imperative. In order to save face, Castro put forward the narrative that the Cubans who sought to leave the island were the dregs of society and counter-revolutionaries who needed to be purged because they could never prove productive to the nation.

    In addition to roughly 1, mentally and physically disabled people, this wave of Cubans included a significant number of sex workers and queer and transgender people—some of whom were part of the minority who had criminal-justice involvement, having been formerly incarcerated because of their gender and sexual transgression. By , the film Scarface had even fictionalized a Marielito as a druglord and violent criminal. Then and now, the boatlift proved incredibly unpopular among those living in the United States and is often cited as one of the most vivid examples of the dangers of lax immigration enforcement.

    The new immigration proposal that Trump supports would also privilege immigrants who can speak English. While the Mariel boatlift—with its massive influx of people in a short period of time—may appear to be an ideal case study for economists to explore whether immigrants decreased wages for U. As the case of the Mariel boatlift shows, so-called common sense can be inextricably informed by ulterior motives, prejudice and global political disagreement.

    When history is used to inform policy decisions, this too must be factored. Michael Clemens. Do immigrants from poor countries hurt native workers? When a study by an economist at Harvard University recently found that a famous influx of Cuban immigrants into Miami dramatically reduced the wages of native workers, immigration critics argued that the debate was settled. The study is controversial, and its finding — that the Cuban refugees caused a large, statistically unmistakable fall in Miami wages — may be simply spurious.

    This matters because what happened in Miami is the one historical event that has most shaped how economists view immigration. In his article, Borjas claimed to debunk an earlier study by another eminent economist, David Card, of UC Berkeley, analyzing the arrival of the Cubans in Miami.

    The episode offers a textbook case of how different economists can reach sharply conflicting conclusions from exactly the same data. Spend a few minutes digging into the data with me, and it will become apparent that the data simply does not allow us to conclude that those Cubans caused a fall in Miami wages, even for low-skill workers. The Mariel boatlift offered economists a remarkable opportunity to study the effect of immigration. Over just a few months, , mostly low-skill immigrants arrived from Mariel Bay, Cuba. Over the next few months, the workforce of Miami rose by 8 percent.

    By comparison, normal immigration to the US increases the nationwide workforce by about 0. In fact, that paper became one of the most cited in immigration economics. The design of the study was elegant and transparent. But even more than that, what made the study memorable was what Card found. The Card study found no difference in wage or employment trends between Miami — which had just been flooded with new low-skill workers — and other cities.

    This was true for workers even at the bottom of the skills ladder. The dotted red lines show the interval of statistical confidence, so the true average wage could fall anywhere between the dotted lines. These estimates come from a slice of a nationwide survey, in which small groups of individuals are chosen to represent the broader population.

    Carving out low-skill workers in Miami alone, that leaves an average of observations of workers per year, during the crucial years. The gray dashed line shows what the wage would be if the pre trend had simply continued after As you can see, there is no dip in wages after those Cubans greatly increased the low-skill labor supply in If anything, wages rose relative to their previous trend in Miami.

    The same is true relative to wage trends in other, similar cities. Economists ever since have tried to explain this remarkable result.

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    Was it that the US workers who might have suffered a wage drop had simply moved away? Had low-skill Cubans made native Miamians more productive by specializing in different tasks, thus stimulating the local economy? Or perhaps was it that Miami employers shifted to production technologies that used more low-skill labor, absorbing the new labor supply? Regardless, there was no dip in wages to explain. Such a model would require wages to fall when the supply of labor, through immigration, goes up. Borjas, instead, focuses on workers who did not finish high school — and claimed that the Boatlift caused the wages of those workers, those truly at the bottom of the ladder, to collapse.

    In short, different well-qualified economists arrive at opposite conclusions about the effects of immigration, looking at the same data about the same incident, with identical modern analytical tools at their disposal. How that happened has a lot to teach about why the economics of immigration remains so controversial. Suppose we are concerned that the graph above, covering all low-skill workers in Miami, is too aggregated — meaning it combines too many different kinds of workers. We would not want to miss the effects on certain subgroups that may have competed more directly with the newly-arrived Cubans.

    For example, the Mariel migrants were mostly men. They were Hispanic. Many of them were prime-age workers age 25 to So we should look separately at what happened to wages for each of those groups of low-skill workers who might compete with the immigrants more directly: men only, non-Cuban Hispanics only, prime-age workers only. Here again, if anything, wages rose for each of these groups of low-skill workers after , relative to their previous trend. And, again, the same is true if you compare wage trends in Miami to trends in other, similar cities. Peri and Yasenov showed that there is still no dip in wages even when you divide up low-skill workers by whether or not they finished high school.

    So you might expect negative wage effects on both groups of workers in Miami. Here is what the wage trends look like for those two groups. The wages of Miami workers with high school degrees and no more than that jump up right after the Mariel boatlift, relative to prior trends. The wages of those with less than a high school education appear to dip slightly, for a couple of years, although this is barely distinguishable amid the statistical noise. The rise on the left, in contrast, is certainly statistically significant, even relative to corresponding wage trends in other cities.

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    Here is how the Borjas study reaches exactly the opposite conclusion. The Borjas study slices up the data much more finely than even Peri and Yasenov do. And then he removes workers who have a high school degree. In all, that means throwing out the data for 91 percent of low-skill workers in Miami in the years where Borjas finds the largest wage effect. It leaves a tiny sample, just 17 workers per year. When you do that, the average wages for the remaining workers look like this:.

    For these observations picked out of the broader dataset, average wages collapse by at least 40 percent after the boatlift. Wages fall way below their previous trend, as well as way below similar trends in other cities, and the fall is highly statistically significant. There are two ways to interpret these findings. The second way would be to conclude, as Peri and Yasenov do, that slicing up small data samples like this generates a great deal of statistical noise. If you do enough slicing along those lines, you can find groups for which wages rose after the Boatlift, and others for which it fell.

    In any dataset with a lot of noise, the results for very small groups will vary widely. Researchers can and do disagree about which conclusion to draw. The first reason is economic theory. The simple theory underlying all of this analysis is that when the supply of labor rises, wages have to fall. That is, we would need to interpret the sharp post-Boatlift rise in wages for low-skill Miami Hispanics, regardless of whether they had a high school degree, as another effect of the influx of workers.