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The Georgicks of Virgil, with an English Translation and Notes Virgil, John Martyn Ipsi in defossis specubus secura sub alta Otia agunt terra, congestaque robora, Pierius says it is confecto in the Roman manuscript. And Tacitus also says the Germans used to make caves to defend them from the severity of winter, .

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Totaler Staat, schwaches Eigentum? Lackner eds. Soziale Sicherung und Sozialhilfe. Yi xinde shehui baozhang moshi lai zhongwang zhengfu de hefaxing Reinforcing legitimacy of government by virtue of new patterns of social security , in: He Zengke, Thomas Heberer und Gunter Schubert eds. Wu Zhicheng in discussion with Prof. Senz et al. China — Entwicklung zur Zivilgesellschaft? Der einnehmende Mandarin. Guest Editor with C. Institutional Change and Legitimacy via Urban Elections? Senz , Neokoloniale Ausbeutung? Chinas Interessen in Afrika, in: eins, Entwicklungspolitik.

Sprache und Schrift, in: with A. Guest Editor with G. Politische Systeme und regionale Kontexte im Vergleich, Wiesbaden , Politische Systeme und regionale Kontexte im Vergleich, Wiesbaden Wer und Was sind die Yi, in: with A. Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft, in: with A. Wo steht China politisch? Sausmikat : China und die Ziviligesellschaft, in: J.

Hein Eds. Islam in der VR China, in: W. Steinbach Eds. Korruption in China, in: Ulrich v. Allemann, Hrsg. Liangshan Yizu qiyejia. Shehui he zhidu bianqian de chengzaizhe Entrepreneurs among the Liangshan Yi. Carriers of social and institutional change , Beijing Minzu chubanshe View Online Version [in German language; pdf]. Sausmikat Xifang gongmin shehui guan shihe Zhongguo ma? Trifft das Westliche Konzept der Zivilgesellschaft auf China zu?

Trifft das Westliche Konzept der Zivilgesellsc. Sausmikat , Bilden sich in China Strukturen einer Zivilgesellschaft heraus? China im Umbruch. Senz , eds. Erlebnisse und Ergebnisse aus der Sicht politikwissenschaftlicher Ostasienforschung. View Online Version [pp. Ethnic Entrepreneurs as Agents of Social Change — Entrepreneurs, clans, social obligations and ethnic resources: the case of the Liangshan Yi in Sichuan.

View Online Version [pdf]. Peter Lang , Yokoyama, ed. Chinas lang andauernde Reform. Derichs, Hrsg. Entwicklung und Frieden in der Weltgesellschaft. The Henry L. Modernisierung oder Verwestlichung. Private Entrepreneurs in China and Vietnam. Social and Political Functioning of Strategic Groups. Richard Wilhelms sozialwissenschaftliche Perspektive. Zhongguo siying qiyejia de shehui yu zhengzhi gongneng yanjiu Unternehmer als strategische Gruppen. Die soziale und politische Funktion von Privatunternehmern in China , Beijing Zhongyang bianyi chubanshe Raszelenberg , Der September und die Folgen in Asien.

Diskurswandel in China seit und seine Implikationen, in: Asien, Januar , By David Levinson and Karen Christensen, vol. China im Wandel. Wirtschaft, Gesellschaft und Politik. In: Efficiency Basel , Dezember , Corruption — China, in: Encyclopedia of Modern Asia, ed. Falungong — Religion, Sekte oder Kult? Guanxi — China, in: Encyclopedia of Modern Asia, ed. Jakobi , Political participation, unofficial, China, in: Encyclopedia of Modern Asia, ed. Privatunternehmer in Vietnam — eine Strategische Gruppe? Derichs , eds.

View online Version [in German Language; pdf]. Raszelenberg , eds. Der windungsreiche Pfad des vietnamesischen Reformprozesses und die Notwendigkeit deutsch-vietnamesischer Zusammenarbeit im Hochschulbereich, in: Geiger, Heinrich, ed. Bedrohungsperzeption und Ethnische Konfliktmuster, in: Klaus H. Schreiner, ed. Schubert, ed. Jahrhundert, Hamburg , Dongya yu Xifang: Duikang haishi hezuo? Eine Heilsgemeinschaft als Manifestation von Modernisierungsproblemen und sozialen Entfremdungsprozessen, Jena Eine Heilsgemeinschaft als Manifestation von Modernisierungsproblemen und sozialen Entfremdungsprozessen.

Im Spannungsfeld von Tradition und Modernisierungsdruck. University of California Press , Old Tibet a Hell on Earth? Perceiptions, Projections and Fantasies, Boston Wisdom , Pomiedzy kryzysem a szansa: nowe spoleczne wyzwania ze szczegolnym uwzglednieniu wiejskich Chin Between crisis and chance: new social challenges in rural China , in: Karin Tomala, ed.

Retradycjonalizacja na wsi i rozwoj stowarzyszen Retraditionalization and ynamic in organizational issues , in: Karin Tomala, ed. Przemiany Panstwa I Spoleczenstwa W. Revidierte Fassung des Ehegesetzes der Volksrepublik China. Zhang Minjie, Zhongguo de di erci geming. Xifang xuezhe kan Zhongguo Chinas zweite Revolution. Wie westliche Wissenschaftler China sehen , Beijing , View Online Version [in German Language; pdf].

Unternehmer als Strategische Gruppen. Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo de cunji he quji xuanji — yici zi xia er shang de minzhuhua de tuidong liliang yi huo wei baozhang yidangzhi er zuo de zhidushang de anpai? Derichs Asiatische Reformprozesse, in: Kommune. View Online Version [in German and English language; pdf].

Chuyu shichang xingwei, shehui daode he minzu zerengan zhijian de minzu qiyejia Ethnic entrepreneurs between market behavior, social morality and ethnic responsibility , in: Liangshan Minzu Yanjiu Ethnische Studien im Liangshan , vol. Chuyu shichang xingwei, shehui daode he minzu zerengan zhijian minzu qiyejia. Ethnic Entrepreneurs in Liangshan. Modernisierung ohne Verwestlichung. Jahrgang, 4.

Heft , Wenhua Da Geming. Entrepreneurs as Social Actors. Privatization and Social Change in China and Vietnam. Southeast Asian Working Papers No. Vogel Frauen-Los!? Wirtschaftspartner China: Politik. Skripte des Fernseminars Wirtschaftspartner China, Trier Co-Author of: Epochen und Strukturen.

Geburtstages im Jahre , Hamburg However, it must be noted that the poorest regions benefit in general from the highest level of EU support on a per capita basis. In addition, there is no direct link between the level of prosperity and the capacity to absorb EU funding. At this stage of the cohesion policy period i. A number of measures have been launched to facilitate the absorption of EU funding.

In some Member States, a re-programming of funds has taken place to enable them to inject EU funding into sectors where a rapid absorption of investments in key growth and jobs supporting areas can take place. In other countries, the rate of co-financing is being adjusted to accelerate uptake. The main reasons for low absorption are a lack of administrative capacity to manage EU funds, problems in converting EU legislation into national legislation and the lack of sufficiently mature projects to be submitted for EU co-financing. Is the Commission aware of the drastic nature of some government restrictions on welfare systems across the EU?

The Commission addresses housing problems linked to poverty and social exclusion and monitors the implementation of relevant actions in response to country-specific challenges within its social inclusion strategy embedded in the Europe strategy. The recently adopted Social Investment Package also contains policy guidance for Member States to better ensure the access to housing for homeless and at-risk-of-homeless people. The Package provides a comprehensive guidance on how best to target social investment and mobilise EU funds to this end. These include a CSR on welfare reform, poverty and childcare.

Enhancing marine and maritime cooperation between the countries around the Mediterranean plays a part in the development of a sustainable Mediterranean blue economy. Could the Commission give details of the stages in which this network will be set up and propose a provisional timetable? How will this network be funded and how will the participating maritime training institutes be selected?

Will this network be truly Euro-Mediterranean and will it be branded as an EU project for the Mediterranean? What issues will the network deal with as a priority?

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Will motorways of the sea be one such issue? The success of such a network relies on a bottom-up engagement process, whereby one or more training institutes in the region takes the lead in setting it up. The Commission will provide a platform for networking and exchanges across training institutes and academies through a future Virtual Knowledge Centre for the Mediterranean.

No dedicated funding for the network has been earmarked as such. The network shall be of an inclusive and open nature and led by the interested training institutes themselves. Interested stakeholders are encouraged to evaluate possible funding opportunities under the future European Territorial Cooperation programmes or Cross-border Cooperation programmes for Any future branding of the project cannot be prejudged at this stage.

Possible priorities that the network could deal with include exchanges of best practice on training in blue growth areas and mobility across maritime-related sectors. Many thousands have already fled.

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Nevertheless, while Christians, along with their churches, have been attacked in the past, the abduction of such senior churchmen sets a new and highly alarming precedent. The fear now must be that the Christian communities will be directly targeted by fundamentalist militants. The abduction also illuminates the problem of kidnapping in Syria, which according to the BBC is rapidly becoming a major element in this conflict, and provoking further fear amongst an already beleaguered Syrian population. EU humanitarian support has not targeted any particular community and is destined to all Syrians in need as well as their host communities in neighbouring countries.

Whilst work continues to establish reliable estimates of recoverable reserves, debate continues into the environmental and safety implications of the practice of fracking. What work has the Commission carried out to help identify and manage the risks of fracking in relation to:. As part of an information gathering process, the Commission launched several studies to assess risks and opportunities of shale gas development in Europe.

Human rights abuses continue to be highlighted in Burma despite recent progress, and despite the introduction of reforms designed to improve democracy in the country. According to widespread reports, the use of child soldiers and sex slaves by the Burmese army ranks high on the list of violations that, allegedly, are still being carried out in the name of the Burmese Government.

What action has the Commission taken to provide, and ensure the safe passage of, emergency aid to the people of Kachin State? What investigations has the Commission made into the sale of the Swedish anti-tank missiles now being used by the Burmese Army in the conflict in Kachin State, the export of which appears to have contravened the ongoing embargo? This is hence official policy that has to be implemented by the Government and any breaches would need to be addressed. Most recently, the UN commended Myanmar's progress in reducing the recruitment of children into the armed forces, while pointing out it still needs to stamp out the practice.

At the same time, we are fully aware that child soldiers are also used by some ethnic armed groups. The EU is in close contact with authorities and continues to raise human rights issues at every opportunity. The EU has repeatedly urged the Government to ensure full and unhindered humanitarian access to all communities affected by conflict including Kachin State. EU humanitarian assistance focuses particularly on areas occupied by ethnic minorities such as Rakhine State, the eastern border area with Thailand and Kachin State.

Primary responsibility for the enforcement of sanctions rests with EU Member States. In the case of an arms embargo, which does not involve community competence, the role of the High Representative and the Commission in this regard is limited to overseeing such enforcement. In this case, the Swedish authorities have made it clear they are aware of the issue and that they are conducting an investigation into the matter.

Oggetto: L'UE vigili sulla corruzione in Croazia. Vi sono infatti situazioni di corruzione che coinvolgono politici, imprenditori, istituti bancari. Si continuano a registrare risultati in termini di attuazione. Gli organi di contrasto rimangono proattivi, anche nei casi di corruzione ad alto livello ad esempio, ex sindaci, ex viceministri e nelle istituzioni di contrasto diversi agenti di polizia. Alla luce delle dichiarazioni rilasciate durante l'audizione e a quanto scritto nella sua comunicazione, la Commissione:. Ha inoltre sottolineato i recenti sviluppi positivi nel settore della prevenzione della corruzione istituzione della commissione competente in materia di conflitto di interessi, adozione di una nuova legge sull'accesso all'informazione.

La Croazia dispone di un quadro giuridico e istituzionale di lotta alla corruzione adeguato, che ha dimostrato di produrre risultati. At a recent parliamentary hearing with a Croatian investigative journalist, it came to light that the corruption situation in Croatia was far from good. Corruption was rife and involved politicians, businessmen and banks. Croatia needs to increase its efforts to establish a track record of substantial results in strengthening prevention measures. A track record of implementation continues to be developed.

Law enforcement bodies remain proactive, including in higher-level corruption cases e. In view of the statements made during the hearing and the content of the communication:. How can the Commission say, on the one hand, that the fight against corruption needs to be stepped up and effectively implemented and, on the other, that the legal framework for the suppression of corruption is adequate? What action will it take to ensure that future EU funds earmarked for Croatia are properly monitored? The Commission also pointed out the recent positive developments in the area of prevention of corruption establishment of Conflict of Interest Commission, adoption of new law on access to information.

Croatia has an adequate legal and institutional framework in place to fight corruption, which has shown to deliver results. At the same time, the report stresses the need for Croatia to continue building its track record in this area. Following accession, the situation concerning the fight against corruption in Croatia will be monitored in the same way as in the other EU Member States. This includes substantial provisions on obligations to monitor the use of EU funds.

Furthermore, after accession, Croatia will need to receive a positive compliance assessment of its system by the Commission, before it would be able to access any of its EU Structual or Cohesion Funds. Le certificazioni IGP e DOCG sono state introdotte con un duplice obiettivo: da una parte, tutelare i produttori di merci aventi caratteristiche peculiari fortemente connesse ad uno specifico luogo di produzione e a tecniche di produzione e lavorazione particolari, legate ad una consolidata tradizione locale; dall'altra, garantire al consumatore che il prodotto che si accinge ad acquistare sia stato effettivamente realizzato nel rispetto di tali metodologie.

Quali iniziative intende essa eventualmente assumere al fine di velocizzare la procedura di accesso alle certificazioni IGP e DOCG e incrementare la portata effettiva della protezione per produttori e consumatori garantita da tali certificazioni? La Commissione ha adottato alcune misure al fine di accelerare le procedure di registrazione. Da quando il regolamento UE n. PGI and DOCG certifications were introduced with a dual aim: on the one hand, to protect producers of goods with specific characteristics and with a strong connection to a specific place of production and to specific production and processing techniques, associated with established local tradition; on the other hand, to guarantee consumers that the product they are about to buy has actually been produced according to these methods.

It should, however, be pointed out that the procedure for recognising these designations is rather long and while it is going on, which takes many months and sometimes years, the consumer is at high risk of buying products with a trade name that is reminiscent of a typical product whose DOCG or PGI status is pending, and which, in any case, has been produced according to methods and in conditions that have nothing to do with the typical product to which the name refers.

Transitional protection, which applies only nationally, is a vital but inadequate tool in this regard. There are several products on the market that imitate Recco cheese focaccia, appropriating the name, despite the procedure for recognition of the PGI mark being well under way and the transitional protection already being in force, so the consumer may be easily misled and mistake an imitation for the original product. Can the Commission therefore say whether the procedure for granting PGI status to Recco focaccia is adhering to the times laid down and when, at least roughly, it might be completed?

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What action will the Commission take to speed up the procedure for obtaining PGI and DOCG status and to broaden the scope of protection for producers and consumers that is guaranteed by such status? Juli angestrebt. Aus diesem Sachverhalt ergeben sich folgende Fragen:. Kann nach wie vor mit einem Verbot der genannten Neonicotinoide noch vor der Sommerpause gerechnet werden? Wenn ja, wann wird dies voraussichtlich geschehen? At present, however, the absence of a qualified majority in the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health means that a deadlock appears to have been reached.

Yet the risk posed by these three pesticides to bee populations has been clearly and unequivocally confirmed by EFSA, and according to the latest information even birds are threatened. EFSA therefore also believes that the risks posed by these pesticides clearly outweigh their benefits. Is it still to be expected that a ban will be imposed on the abovementioned neonicotinoids before the summer recess? If so, when is this likely to happen? How is the Commission intending to break the stalemate in order to ensure that bee protection is finally accorded priority status?

What opportunities does the Commission believe are available to ensure the continuing effectiveness of pest control without having to use these three hazardous pesticides? The Commission in recent years has taken a number of actions in order to improve the knowledge about the phenomenon of the drastic decline in bee populations, which the scientific community agrees has a multifactorial background and will further continue to support actions in this field. Other insecticides are available and approved at EU level.

In addition, two neonicotinoids namely acetamiprid and thiacloprid that present a lower toxicity will remain available on the market for the time being. The planned storage of passenger name records for the purpose of investigating and combating terrorism will have iniquitous consequences, such as the factually unjustified length of time for which the records will be stored, the sheer quantity of data, the lax access requirements and, last but not least, the fact that respectable citizens will be placed under surveillance and thus subject to extensive but unfounded interference into their private lives.

Is the Commission aware that confidential reports by EU legal experts dating back to and containing warnings about PNR, in particular as regards proportionality, are circulating in the media? Media reports have stated that plans are already in place to introduce PNR on intra-EU flights; is the Commission in favour of these proposals? Under what circumstances is such a procedure permissible?

What is being done to guarantee real and full protection, both now and in the future, for the fundamental right of EU citizens to the protection of their personal data? The proposal was subject to very thorough preparation to ensure that its provisions are compatible with fundamental rights. The proposal provides for effective data protection safeguards and strict limitations to the processing of PNR data that ensure full compliance with the proportionality principle.

The information in the question is not sufficient to be clear as to which reports the Honourable Member refers. The Commission proposal includes a clause providing for an assessment, two years after the transposition of an EU PNR Directive, of the feasibility and necessity of including internal flights in the scope of the directive. Wie wird der Erfolg der Initiative generell bewertet? Die Kommission teilt die Bedenken der Frau Abgeordneten.

Der Kommission sind in diesem Zusammenhang keine Kooperationen zwischen Mitgliedstaaten bekannt. Februar drastisch reduziert. Non-governmental organisations have reported on numerous occasions that cyberbullying is becoming an ever more frequent and widespread phenomenon.

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The anonymity of the Internet and its users, the impossibility of deleting images and data and the real-time transmission of content mean that the problem is a complex one, and that it is difficult to help victims or to identify and put a stop to ongoing bullying. Prevention and education are therefore particularly important in this context.

The proportion of young people who have been attacked online is already as high as one fifth, and it is likely that the number of unreported cases is much higher. In general terms, how successful is the initiative believed to be? Is similar cooperation also in place with a view to raising awareness among parents and teachers?

The Commission shares the Honourable Member's concern. Cyber-bullying has become the biggest online risk among young people. Children need to develop the right skills to take part safely in the digital society. The Commission is not aware of any cooperation between Member States. This means taking difficult decisions about the selection and funding of future digital services infrastructures.

Parliament adopted a resolution in which called for a drastic reduction in the amount of still usable food that is thrown away. This very welcome initiative was and is still urgently needed; around 1. Experts believe that an additional problem is posed by requirements relating to the appearance of food, in particular fruit and vegetables, since they result in food being rejected which is usable but which does not comply with the relevant standards in terms of appearance. What further action is planned by the Commission in connection with the above resolution?

Is any cooperation in place with developing countries, which are most affected by these problems? What view should be taken of the problem of food being rejected due to sub-standard appearance in the context of the relevant EU regulations? Issues such as the donation of surplus food to food banks, date labelling, the waste hierarchy, fruit and vegetable wastage, were discussed.

A public consultation on sustainable food production, including the food waste issue will be launched soon. The Commission finances interventions in developing countries to improve food storage, reduce post-harvest losses, improve market access of agricultural produce, to strengthen capacity at the various stages of the value chain, raise awareness and research into more efficient production methods. Facilitating access for farmers to innovative technology and to modern Information and Communication Technologies ICTs , including mobile banking also helps in making better timed decisions about supplying markets, price movements and transport arrangements.

In addition, Member States may exempt produce from these standards subject to certain conditions, for example by particular labelling provisions or in the case of well-established local consumption. Betrifft: Zentrales Waffenregister und illegale Waffen in privater Hand. Es ist unklar, wie viele Waffen sich in privater Hand befinden. Davon ausgehend, dass der Kommission die oben genannten Daten und Fakten bekannt sind, bitte ich um die Beantwortung folgender Fragen.

Wie soll in diesem Kontext mit illegalen Waffen in privater Hand umgegangen werden? The number of privately owned firearms is unknown, but it is estimated that there are several million illegally in circulation for which no ownership licences are held. In this context, what action should be taken with respect to illegal privately owned firearms? In this context, are there plans to rely on information from private dealers, or have alternatives already been found?

What plans has the Commission made to prevent any possible or potential abuse in this area? Illicit manufacture, transfer and circulation of firearms and their excessive accumulation and dissemination contribute not only to crime and terrorism but also to regional conflicts and to state failure. An effective response must therefore involve coherent action by all players, making best use of EU tools and covering all dimensions of the issue.

The Commission is planning to adopt this year a comprehensive communication on how a more coherent common policy approach can minimise the risk posed by the illegal use of firearms to the EU's internal security. In it will report on the results, and if necessary make appropriate proposals to fill possible gaps in the current legislation.

The implementation of the provisions on registration at national level will be part of this evaluation. Cependant, cette pratique n'a plus cours depuis It would also appear that the rules on the renewal of marketing authorisations MA have not been strictly observed. Does the Commission intend to analyse the dangers of using the pesticides that are currently under scrutiny in France?

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  8. What preventive measures will it take concerning the seven pesticides that are hazardous to health? It would appear that derogations have been granted to certain Member States for the use of pesticides. Did the Commission establish whether the Member States benefiting from those derogations had drafted food standards and whether risk mitigation measures had been taken to protect human health and the environment? Does France benefit from any derogations, and if so, since when?

    The Commission notes the prompt actions taken by the French Ministry of Agriculture and looks forward to the outcomes of the audit on the authorisation system undertaken by the Ministry. It is not up to the Commission to evaluate or authorise plant protection products. The Commission is only responsible for the approval of active substances used in plant protection products.

    In the past the Commission allowed some Member States to extend the period of withdrawal of certain pesticides for so called. Poche settimane fa il Bundesrat tedesco ha bocciato la ratifica del fiscal compact. In quale misura e a quale titolo possono essere conferiti alle istituzioni comunitarie poteri di applicazione delle norme contenute nel fiscal compact , la cui natura di semplice accordo internazionale non gli consente di incidere direttamente sui poteri attribuiti dai trattati istitutivi agli organi esecutivi e legislativi europei?

    Gli Stati membri devono inoltre conseguire gli obiettivi di bilancio a medio termine. Sia la Commissione che la Corte di giustizia partecipano al funzionamento del patto di bilancio. A few weeks ago, the German Bundesrat refused to ratify the fiscal compact. Member States also need to achieve medium-term budgetary objectives. Concerning the Commission,. Skontrolowano m. Checks were carried out on products such as milk, fish and fish products, frozen foods, ready meals, tea, coffee and bread. Problems were identified with The most frequent problem was the lack of mandatory information on the ingredients of processed meat products, eggs, meat, bread and fish.

    In connection with the above, would the Commission answer the following questions:. Fraudulent and deceptive labelling practices can be eliminated with appropriate enforcement of Union food law requirements, which lies with the national competent authorities. They must conduct appropriate controls and impose dissuasive and effective sanctions. The forthcoming proposal on official controls will aim at further strengthening the existing system, including the provisions on sanctions. In addition to the controls carried by the Member States, Commission experts from the Food and Veterinary Office audit the control systems in place in the Member States for the enforcement of European food safety legislation.

    Complaints about the project have been raised by local residents and environmental organisations in the area, on the grounds that it will have a negative impact on the Andalusian environment. The rail circuit will be used to test high-speed trains, an activity which will seriously disrupt the local population and environment. Despite all the violations of European law involved, the Spanish Government is determined to move ahead with the construction of this rail project, and a list of properties to be expropriated has already appeared in the Official Gazette.

    In light of developments since , does the Commission consider that this project infringes the directives referred to in my previous question? Could the Commission say whether the loan for construction of the rail test circuit referred to by the Minister of Public Works has been provided by an EU fund? Does the Commission consider said loan to have been granted in accordance with all the European standards which the project itself allegedly violates?

    Following a petition from the Parliament, the Commission opened a case concerning the project mentioned by the Honourable Member and its compliance with the relevant requirements under EU environmental law. The investigation into this case is still ongoing. As this letter was only partially answered, the assessment procedure for this project application remains interrupted. The Commission is not in a position to judge if the project complies with all required EU rules and regulations since essential information is still missing. The Commission has therefore not yet adopted any decision concerning the funding of this project.

    Oggetto: Produzione della mozzarella di bufala campana DOP. Premesso che il Consorzio di tutela della mozzarella di bufala campana DOP in Italia, come emerso dall'interrogazione dell'on. Alessandri al parlamento italiano n. Lo Stato membro deve in seguito presentare alla Commissione una domanda di modifica che viene analizzata conformemente al disposto del regolamento UE n.

    The aforementioned Consorzio di Tutela is apparently seeking to replace the current requirement to complete the production of PDO buffalo-milk mozzarella in Campania within 60 hours of the first milking, making it possible to interrupt the production process by treating — freezing — the curd. Can the Commission organise an inspection at the Ministry, the Lazio and Campania Regional Authorities and the Consorzio di Tutela responsible for PDO buffalo-milk mozzarella produced in Campania to demand explanations and establish what monitoring and other measures it is intended to adopt to protect farmers, workers and consumers?

    Can the Commission make it clear that, among the methods used to produce PDO buffalo-milk mozzarella in Campania, the use of fresh buffalo milk and its processing within 60 hours of milking constitute local, honest and invariable methods and therefore cannot be changed? Is the Commission aware that any change to the rules on the production of PDO buffalo-milk mozzarella in Campania as described above could cause irremediable damage to the reputation of the product, jeopardise the survival of buffalo farmers and related industries and even result in revocation of the PDO in question?

    Facebook, which has only existed since ? How will the Commission justify intervention in the security interests of the Member States should the Court find that the current directive is not compatible with the fundamental rights of EU citizens and thus with the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU?

    The expert group will advise the Commission on the sorts of developments and requirements which are relevant for the implementation of the directive. Providers of social media services and other information society services are outside the scope of the Data retention directive, and will remain outside its scope since the Commission has no intention to introduce changes in this respect. The role of the Expert group is to advise on best practice in implementing the directive as it stands.

    The expert group will carry out its work exclusively on the areas covered by the directive, as its scope mirrors the wording of the directive itself. For cross-border investigations of serious and organised crime, information is exchanged between Member States' authorities in accordance with mutual legal assistance procedures.

    Europol estimates that around half of all requests for information in cross-border cases include communications data. There is no timetable at present for this proposal. This came to light after strong winds destroyed much of the beach, uncovering the buried waste. The origin of this waste was identified by the special Environmental Inspectorate. Are the two uncontrolled waste disposal sites referred to above included in the list of uncontrolled waste disposal sites submitted to the Commission by the Greek authorities, a list on the basis of which Greece was recently referred to the European Court?

    In both cases the activities are those of individuals acting without the support of national or municipal authorities and it is for those authorities to take adequate measures to apprehend the persons responsible and to clean up the sites. Will the Commission say: what was the outcome of these discussions?

    What specific commitments were made by the Greek government? During the last review mission, the Commission, along with the ECB and the IMF, discussed with the Greek authorities a number of issues on the public administration reform that will render the administration leaner and more effective. The discussions focused on the planning mandatory of the exits and mobility of employees, the finalisation of the staffing plans and the planning of the evaluation of the employees.

    The discussions did not include compulsory retirement of the Greek civil servants. It also provides a summary of the socioeconomic challenges Member States are facing in the implementation of the EU-funded programmes. In the Staff Working Document accompanying the report, the Commission indicates that, in the case of Greece, Could the Commission provide further information on the reprogramming by fund, theme and absorption rate?

    An extensive reprogramming of the Greek European Social Fund programmes took place with the main objective of tackling youth unemployment. It targets Actions supporting SMEs had reached a very high degree of overbooking and an adjustment was necessary. No reprogramming was made for the Cohesion Fund. The Commission has published the report and annexes online. Could the Commission provide more information on the educational infrastructure projects that received support in Greece and the number of students who benefited from them?

    Could the Commission provide further information on the institutional capacity-building programme in Greece? How many people did it involve, what was its budget, what were the objectives to be achieved, and were they achieved? According to information provided by the managing authority for the OP, the number of civil servants who took part in training and the budget allocated to it were as follows. The Administrative Reform OP is making progress towards achieving its objectives. Why did these three Member States not report on the gross jobs indicator and thus have to use alternative indicators?

    The three countries are Cyprus, Greece, and Spain. There was no legal obligation for Member States to use the core indicators in the period Thus, the increase of employment will be measured in each Member State. Could the Commission provide further information on the Members States on which these projects had the biggest effect, in terms of population coverage? That document, which also contains a short commentary, is available on this webpage:. The Commission points out that it can only disaggregate this data to the level of the individual programmes.

    The programme authorities have the project level detail. There is a variation in the selection of projects by themes within the Member States, with some themes e. Could the Commission provide information on the project selection trends, broken down by Member State and indicating the three most popular themes chosen by each Member State? With the publication of the cohesion policy Strategic Report , the Commission published online a detailed breakdown of project selection trends by Member State.

    According to an article published in the British newspaper The Guardian , a mother in the UK has forced her year-old adopted child to inseminate herself with donor sperm bought by the mother over the Internet. The mother has three other adopted children and had been prevented from adopting more. This led her to press her year-old daughter to become a surrogate mother. After seven inseminations over two years, using syringes and douches of semen prepared by the mother, the girl finally gave birth to a child at the age of The details of this shocking case, which emerged after a court judgment, raise serious questions about what loopholes may exist in the system for international adoptions and the regulation of the global traffic in gametes.

    As the European Union is a full member of The Hague Conference on Private International Law, the Commission follows developments on surrogate motherhood at international level. The Convention aims to implement Art. Possible loopholes in the Convention could be tackled by bilateral agreements between the concerned States. Con deliberazione del Consiglio Provinciale n.

    Non ritiene utile, necessario ed urgente avviare verifiche sulla sussistenza di una violazione del diritto dell'UE derivante dalla mancata sottoposizione a VAS del piano cave per la provincia di Bergamo, approvato dalla Regione Lombardia nel maggio , e dalla mancata sottoposizione alla Corte di Giustizia, da parte del Consiglio di Stato, della questione di interpretazione pregiudiziale dell'art. Can the Commission say whether it is aware of the above situation, which seriously harms the environmental protection of an entire province in which extensive mining and quarrying activities are carried out?

    The Commission will contact the Italian authorities to obtain clarifications on the application of the directive to the plan referred to in the question. Does the Commission intend to make renewed representations following the suspension of float glass production in Lysychansk? Since these measures were unsuccessful, their continued application appears to be unwarranted. The Commission has indeed been recently informed of the fact that the sole Ukrainian producer of float glass closed its third and last line of production.

    Anti-dumping duties aim at removing injury to a domestic producer and, if it is confirmed that the sole domestic producer ceased operations in this case, there would be no reason to maintain the duties in place. The fact that the producer ceased operation is indeed a crucial change of circumstances as anti-dumping duties would no longer serve their very purpose and would thus not be legitimate anymore. Acesta va putea fi consultat pe site-ul internet al Comisiei. Can the Commission indicate if and when it has published the above report and where it can be accessed by interested members of the public?

    What measures are being envisaged by the Commission for inclusion in the action plan to increase the number of nearly zero-energy buildings? When will this action plan be published? The Commission has analysed the plans received and will publish its report in due course.

    It will be accessible on the website of the Commission. The Commission will now request further, more detailed information from the Member States based on a specifically developed template. After receiving this information the Commission will undertake a detailed evaluation and develop an action plan. If necessary, the action plan will include proposals to increase the number of nearly zero-energy buildings and encourage best practices as regards existing buildings.

    Den Ingen af medlemsstaterne oplyste om dette i deres svar. No Member State included such information in their reply. Giorgio ad Montes, di epoca medievale, ha rappresentato uno dei punti nodali della fitta rete di siti dell'eremitaggio e del monachesimo che ancora oggi costellano il territorio laziale.

    Durante il periodo di esecuzione dei lavori, i siti interessati potranno essere terreno di sperimentazione sui quali i ricercatori di diversi ambiti specialistici potranno convalidare un certo numero di ipotesi sulle tecniche costruttive e sui diversi aspetti della vita dell'epoca. Il progetto cui fa riferimento l'onorevole parlamentare potrebbe beneficiare del sostegno finanziario dei Fondi strutturali, nel rispetto delle disposizioni specifiche del Programma Operativo Regione Lazio Tale programma definisce le varie tipologie di finanziamento che il Fondo europeo di sviluppo regionale ha destinato alla regione in questione nel periodo di programmazione sopra menzionato.

    Il programma prevede anche un cofinanziamento a favore di iniziative imprenditoriali legate a cultura e turismo. The town of Anagni Frosinone has many particularly valuable archaeological sites, but they are currently in a state of total disrepair; in particular, the medieval abbey of San Giorgio ad Montes was one of the focal points of the dense network of hermetic and monastic sites that are still scattered throughout the Lazio region today.

    The primary objective is to recreate the entire operational sequence of a medieval building site and to apply high-level scientific and specialist guidelines. This would provide, both during the restoration phase and once the works are complete, an opportunity to arrange short courses in local medieval history and in specific restoration-related disciplines, with the creation of new job opportunities, including in the tourism sector.

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    Another aim of the project is to create craft shops within the abbey complex and hence an actual medieval village that recreates everyday life in an abbey of the period. In view of the above, can the Commission provide details of the funding that the town of Anagni could access in order to:.

    The project referred to by the Honourable Member could be eligible for financial support from the Structural Funds, subject to compliance with the specific provisions of the programme for Lazio. This programme defines the types of support provided by the European Regional Development Fund to the region under the current period. The programme also foresees co-financing in favour of business initiatives linked to culture and tourism.

    In line with the shared management principle used for the administration of cohesion policy, project selection and implementation is the responsibility of national authorities. For more information, the Commission therefore suggests that the Honourable Member contact directly the managing authority of the programme:. Is the Commission aware of allegations that by disclosing confidential information, President Anastasiades of Cyprus helped his relatives to avoid losses thereby increasing the losses of other account holders, and increasing risks borne by EU taxpayers in financing the bailout by withdrawing millions of euro from bank accounts in Cyprus days before capital controls were introduced?

    Is the Commission also aware that there are widely held suspicions of inappropriate disclosure of confidential information relating to discussions of and decisions reached by the eurozone? In light of such concerns, does the Commission intend:. Examining and investigating the use of insider information to gain a financial advantage remains a national competence.

    Questions related to the use of insider information within Cyprus to gain a financial advantage should, therefore, be directed to the relevant Cypriot authorities. Oggetto: Restrizioni alla libera circolazione dei cittadini dell'UE in Svizzera. Tale accordo e il suo protocollo hanno introdotto alcune restrizioni per i cittadini dell'UE che desiderano vivere o lavorare in Svizzera. Cosa consiglierebbe la Commissione a un paese non membro al fine di garantire la sicurezza e l'occupazione interne nell'attuale periodo di crisi? Sotto il profilo giuridico la Commissione si aspetta che i paesi terzi rispettino le disposizioni degli accordi sottoscritti con l'UE.

    The recalled Agreement and its protocol have brought about some restrictions on EU citizens wishing to live or work in Switzerland. Does the Commission think that Switzerland still holds authority over its territorial limits? What advice would the Commission give to a non-member country in order to ensure internal security and employment in the current period of crisis?

    Politically, the Commission would like to count in the current period of crisis with an equivalent level of solidarity which it usually shows to third countries. Regarding internal security, the Commission is not aware of any ground of public order, public security or public health in Switzerland which would require its Government to introduce restrictive measures. Regarding employment, taking into account the fact that the unemployment rate in Switzerland remained stable at an average of 4.

    Has this assessment now been completed and has the Commission subsequently taken the necessary decision? The Commission has completed its assessment of the Spanish application for EU Solidarity Fund assistance relating to the forest fires in Valencia. Total damage caused by the disaster represented only 4. There was no evidence of serious and lasting repercussions on living conditions or on the economic stability of the region that could have allowed activating the Fund exceptionally. The Spanish authorities were informed accordingly. Betrifft: Rechte Gewalt und fehlende polizeiliche Kontrolle in Griechenland.

    Violence prompted by extreme right-wing views and xenophobia seems to be increasing to an alarming extent in Greece. There is growing evidence of a prevailing attitude among the police which ranges from tolerance of these crimes to open sympathy for them. Are there EU programmes in existence to curb these trends, e. The Commission is concerned by the growing of extremism movements across Europe. The Commission continues to work on ways to assist Member States in addressing prevention of such a phenomenon, regardless of motivation and methods.

    One of its working groups, RAN POL, exchanges on practices related to prevention and detection of violent extremism by law enforcement, through community and local policing. In a meeting of this group, Greece highlighted the creation of a new service, the General Office for the Confrontation of Racist Violence, which edits a special guide for police and includes a violent crimes division.

    The project will include a policy recommendations report, best practices and a training for practitioners in countering far-right extremism. The EU Fundamental Rights agency work includes the issue of acceptance of cultural diversity. Finally, the Council of Europe has established the European Code of Police Ethics in and runs human rights training programmes for inter alia prosecutors, police and bailiffs. However, there now seem to be fundamental problems the concept of commercial availability and the cross-border mail order of books holding up such a treaty.

    Why is the concept of commercial availability being insisted on, even though this makes access for blind people to books substantially more difficult? What opportunities does the Commission see for guaranteeing equal rights and treatment for blind and visually impaired persons? What opportunities does the Commission see for ensuring equal access to education and knowledge for all?

    Certain EU MSs have interpreted the lack of commercial availability of accessible format copies as a condition for this exception and they have a preference for such a condition in the negotiations. Many EU MSs consider that the requirement on the cross-border exchange of accessible format copies could put pressure on publishers to make such copies available in the relevant markets at the same time as the mainstream copy.

    Several EU MSs consider that blind organisations have better means to check the eligibility of beneficiaries in their own country than in foreign countries. Thus, MSs have a preference in the negotiations for channeling the cross-border exchange of accessible format copies through blind organisations established in the respective countries. In this scenario, visually impaired persons would not receive the imported special formats directly from foreign blind organisations but via their local organisation.

    The Commission cannot determine alone the outcome of the international negotiations but will continue to deploy great effort at the June Diplomatic Conference to reach agreement on a simple and workable treaty that improves access to books to visually impaired persons. Et dansk tv-program berettede den Kender Kommissionen til problemstillingen? The same programme showed that there are large quantities of plastic microparticles in soap, shampoo and other cosmetics. These end up in the oceans and pollute the environment.

    It is also unclear what effect these plastic particles have on the human hormonal system. These particles have no business being there. The EU must take action as quickly as possible. My question to the Commission is therefore:. Is the Commission aware of this problem? And will the Commission take the initiative as soon as possible to call for the phasing out of plastic microparticles in cosmetics? The Commission is aware that microplastics, including those from cosmetics, are a potential threat to the environment. The Commission is aware of the calls in some EU Member States for an EU-wide ban on use of microplastics in cosmetics, as well as the ongoing voluntary actions of several EU companies to eliminate or phase-out the use of microplastics in their cosmetic products.

    Per il periodo la Commissione ha proposto di introdurre un criterio di crisi tra quelli applicati per ricevere un sostegno dal Fondo europeo di adeguamento alla globalizzazione. Valbelluna is home to a cluster of leading air conditioning and refrigeration companies, which possess a significant industrial heritage in terms of know-how. Does the Commission think it can strengthen future EU legislation on state aid, with specific reference to aid for rescuing companies, by introducing tools to make it easier for entrepreneurs to form consortia which, by taking over local companies, can rescue companies in crisis and thus support jobs and the industrial policy of the internal market?

    How will the Commission strengthen the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund to make it a more effective tool for supporting Member States and regions in their ability to limit the effects of the crisis and to help them take proactive measures for workers affected by restructuring and relocation? The Commission notes that the Community guidelines on state aid for rescuing and restructuring firms in difficulty.

    For the period, the Commission has proposed introducing a crisis criterion as one of the criteria for receiving support from the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund. Sie ist eine freiwillige Vorleistung der Wirtschaftsbeteiligten. Diese Durchleuchtung bewirkt, dass die zertifizierten Unternehmen und deren Verfahrensweisen dem Zoll bestens bekannt sind.

    Dies sollte seinen Niederschlag in den Zollverfahren finden. Under the Modernised Customs Code, customs procedures must take account of, inter alia , safety and security aspects. The purpose of safety and security certification as authorised economic operators AEO , provided for in the Customs Code, is to make economic operators more transparent for customs authorities. This is a voluntary upfront concession on the part of economic operators. Firms which have themselves certified are subject to onerous checks on their organisational and operating structures.

    As a result, customs authorities are very familiar with certified firms and with how they operate. That should be reflected in customs procedures themselves.

    Eine Kritik des "Neuen Atheismus"

    So far, accordingly, it is largely customs service providers such as hauliers, plus a number of large firms, which have had themselves certified; but a host of small and medium-sized enterprises, in particular in manufacturing, have so far not acquired AEO status because it is insufficiently attractive. Such special procedural simplifications are of considerable practical and economic significance — not only where customs arrangements involving Switzerland are concerned. Why, to date, has the Commission not submitted a proposal for substantial procedural simplifications for firms with AEO status, such as waiving pre-departure declarations for exports or entry summary declarations for imports?

    What arguments are there against waiving individual notifications for local clearance procedures, for economic operators recognised as AEOs by customs authorities, and deeming an entry in company records to be equivalent to a declaration and, at the same time, automatic release too including in connection with prohibitions and restrictions when use of a general licence is possible or the products concerned are known to the customs authorities?

    The Commission fully shares the view that the very purpose of setting up the AEO status in was, and will remain in the future Union Customs Code, to grant holders of that status, including SMEs, facilitations relating to security and safety, maximum advantage of widespread use of customs simplifications and more favourable treatment than other operators in respect of customs controls. The entry summary declaration ENS and the pre-departure declarations are platforms for the implementation of the security policy and measures with regard to goods to be brought into or taken out of the customs territory of the Union.

    These are not measures related to trade facilitation and as such, even in the existing international framework, the provision of information to customs for the purpose of security and safety cannot be waived simply with regard to the status of the person being responsible for the goods. In the majority of cases the ENS is submitted by the carriers and not by the importers.

    Furthermore, in the majority of cases, the pre-departure declaration is the export declaration and cannot be considered as an extra burden. Regional cooperation can play a key role in fostering the integration of the outermost regions into their regional environments. Has the Commission carried out an in-depth analysis of the existing scope for synergies between the structural funds and the EDF with a view to facilitating regional cooperation involving the outermost regions? When will it publish a strategy designed to exploit the full scope for synergies between cohesion policy funding and development policy funding?

    Cooperation programmes should set out coordination mechanisms at the appropriate territorial level, where Member States and third countries or territories participate in cooperation programmes that include the use of ERDF appropriations for outermost regions ORs and resources from the EDF, to effectively coordinate the use of these resources.

    For cooperation programmes involving ORs and third countries, Member States are required to consult the respective third country before submitting the programme to the Commission and the third country has to confirm its agreement to it. The Commission is not planning to publish the strategy referred to by the Honourable Member.

    However, the Commission has asked the ORs to establish action plans to identify their priorities in line with the EU's objectives, which will include, among other things, a section on regional integration neighbourhood plan , in order to supplement the strategies developed in the territorial cooperation programmes for and those in the EDF regional indicative programmes. Queste misure scadono rispettivamente alla fine di aprile e alla fine di maggio La Commissione ha ritenuto che l'applicazione separata di restrizioni a 8 Stati membri e, successivamente, agli altri 17 non fosse conforme all'accordo.

    Nel e nel il Consiglio federale non aveva invocato la clausola di salvaguardia sebbene fossero state raggiunte le soglie. Secondo la Commissione, le condizioni economiche generali della Svizzera e la situazione del mercato del lavoro non sono mutate in misura tale da giustificare un allontanamento da questa prassi. La Commissione sostiene l'attenzione specifica prestata dal governo svizzero agli aspetti che preoccupano maggiormente i cittadini.

    In and the Federal Council did not invoke the safeguard clause despite the fact that the thresholds were reached. In the view of the Commission the overall Swiss economic conditions and the labour market situation have not changed to justify departing from that practice. The unemployment rate in Switzerland remains stable at average of 2.

    The Commission supports the Swiss Government efforts to focus specifically to the causes of popular concern. Conform art. De asemenea, conform articolului 17 din Regulamentul CE nr. Member States informed the Commission that they issued 27, driver attestations during The total number of driver attestations in circulation at the end of was 44, The breakdown by Member State is provided in an Annex to the reply.

    As there are some 4. The Commission has raised this topic with social partners and Member States. Does it not feel that offering financial incentives for gambling contradicts the principles it has itself set out in its communications in this field? The Commission is aware of the measure referred to by the Honourable Member. The Finance Ministry has recently clarified that, while gambling losses may be used to lower capital gains derived from gambling activities, the losses do not give rise to tax credits that can be deducted from income tax.

    The Commission recalls that EU Member States are free to design their tax systems as long as there are no harmonising measures at EU level and as long as the national measures are not discriminatory or otherwise contrary to the Treaties. The assessment of the potential for addiction of different games of chance or of incentives offered is therefore primarily the responsibility of national authorities.

    The Commission, in its communication. A negative ESF balance for Poland, for instance, is the result of such changes in status.