Retrieved 11 November Ian Frazer: The man who saved a million lives. Brisbane: University of Queensland Press.
“Ian Frazer: The man who saved a million lives”
Talking Heads. Retrieved 29 May Interviews with Australian scientists. Australian Academy of Science. Archived from the original on 5 March Ri Aus. The Weekend Australian Magazine. If anything should come over in your article, it's that Ian is an extremely kind man. The Lancet.
Ian Frazer: The Man Who Saved A Million Lives: Madonna King: axuhurajowoj.gq: The Book Depository UK
Med J Aust. Diamantina Institute at The University of Queensland.
Ian Frazer was set for a career in physics when a chance encounter with an immunologist, the father of his pen-friends girlfriend, changed his course. August Human Papillomaviruses: Clinical and Scientific Advances.
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London: Hodder Arnold. Reader's Digest.
The New England Journal of Medicine. One factor is the apparent lack of efficacy among subjects with evidence of previous exposure to HPV types included in the vaccine. The Courier-Mail. These projections may be little effected by vaccination programs anyway unlikely on cost grounds because " A reduction in cancer incidence and mortality might not be measurable before 10 to 30 years after the vaccine is introduced. Other estimates of the problem's scale are broadly in agreement: Kennedy, F. UQ News. Professor Frazer said Australia and other developed nations had effective Pap smear programs to reduce the incidence of cervical cancer.
Women living in poverty in the developing world, where Pap smears are not widely available, account for most of the , deaths from cervical cancer each year.
So this vaccine has the potential to do most good in the developing world, where it could help lift women out of poverty by relieving the burden of disease "Transcripts — Professor Ian Frazer". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Ian Frazer was made Australian of the Year in He and his team at Princess Alexandra Hospital in Brisbane have developed a vaccine to beat cervical cancers that kill , women a year worldwide.
A woman dies of cervical cancer approximately every 2 minutes. In less developed countries, this type of cancer is the second most common in women and accounts for up to , annual deaths. Cervarix may also protect against other types that cause cervical cancer, but more research is needed to confirm this. GlaxoSmithKline 's] estimate of the prevalence of cervical cancer in United States roughly matches the National Cancer Institute 's statistics. But according to the World Health Organization , the disease is far more common in developing countries , which account for 80 percent of the annual cases worldwide and about , deaths a year compared to about 4, deaths in United States.
Xiaoyi Sun". Science Times.
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Center for Media and Democracy. Archived from the original on 24 June The federal government will also cover young women who are not in school and are still under 27 years through their general practitioners and community immunization clinics. This age group will receive the vaccine free from July , until the end of June Australian Life Scientist. Archived from the original on 6 April November International Journal of Infectious Diseases. Retrieved 6 June Nevertheless, antibody titer has been used as a surrogate marker of protection in clinical trials, particularly in adolescent populations in whom efficacy studies are not feasible.
Evaluating the ability of a vaccine to induce a specific immune response is far less complex, less costly, and less time-consuming, than performing clinical trials to assess the ability of the vaccine to confer protective immunity. Sydney Morning Herald. It will mean a 70 per cent reduction in abnormal pap smears , and in parts of the world where there are no pap smears, a 70 per cent reduction in cervical cancer.
Archived from the original on 1 May Retrieved 28 May Australians of the Year. Pier 9 Press.
Brisbane: Queensland Newspapers. On Line Opinion , Australia's e-journal of social and political debate.
Queensland Government. Archived from the original on 13 May Archived from the original on 14 April For his creation of the first vaccine designed to protect against a cancer, Ian Frazer receives the Prime Ministers Prize for Science. Popular Features. New Releases. Description When Professor Ian Frazer, was awarded the patent for the vaccine to cervical cancer, he knew it could help to save the lives of , women around the world each year.
Respected across the globe, few people know the real story of the Scottish-born Australian of the Year who is behind one of the great medical discoveries of the century. Given exclusive access to Ian Frazer, biographer and award-winning journalist Madonna King peels back the many layers of his extraordinary life.
She tells of the ongoing struggle for funding cancer research, the herculean international legal battle waged to win the patent, the devastating loss of his friend and co-researcher, Dr. Jian Zhou, and Ian Frazer's commitment to have the vaccine made available in the developing world. Ian Frazer- The man who saved a million lives in an unforgettable story of perseverance and aspiration. And he isn't finished yet, with research underway for another historic medical breakthrough.
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